How To Obtain Your Free Credit Score


You can actually obtain your free credit score very easily. Why would you want to? Because knowing your credit score is important knowledge that will greatly benefit your chances of obtaining new credit. The purpose of this article is to give you the necessary information you need in which to quickly obtain your free credit score gov.

The vast majority of credit applications these days are not in fact determined by a human somewhere in a faceless organization. Worse, in fact, as it is quite likely that your credit application will be assess by evaluating your credit score against a required credit score level. If your credit score meets or exceeds that level your credit application will be successful, if not then your application will be rejected.

It may well be therefore that you should pause before making that new credit application and give some thought as to whether you should establish in advance that important credit score. The problem is how do you get hold of your credit score. Well, you can obtain your credit score free by pursuing one or the other of the following routes.

As a simple first suggestion just ask a current debt provider to supply you with your current credit score. This may seem like it is stating the obvious but the withholding of this information from you is unnecessary and therefore it is quite likely that your debt provider will supply you with your credit score without much prompting. You may just have to ask.

The next way to get hold of your credit score for free would be to take advantage of one of the offers made by companies on the web. They are relatively easy to find on the web. All you really have to do is to use Google to search for free credit score and you will quickly see that there are many such offers available and free of charge.

Providing personal information to the company making the free credit score offer will be the price you pay. These arrangements are tempters to get you to sign up for their subscription service, hoping you will fail to cancel it once you have obtained your credit score. Of course if you are careful and remember to cancel you should not have any further problems.

The impact your credit score has on future credit applications should not be overlooked. So it really is good advice to try to discover exactly what your credit score actually is prior to making any further credit applications. Hopefully you will therefore find this information useful when attempting to establish your credit score. Remember you can get your credit score free.

James England is a credit expert and has produced a valuable free resource for your benefit in the field of credit repair. If you like the idea of getting your credit score without cost why not check it out.

How To Check Your Credit Score For Free

In this week’s Money Minute with Mina episode find out the 3 ways to check your score for absolutely FREE!!
Video Rating: / 5

Whackhead Simpson – Debt Counselling

Whackhead’s latest victim has a lot of financial problems. Her bank has stepped in and said that she’s in trouble and set her up on “Debt Rescue” – where the bank counsels and helps people get out of their financial problems. Whackhead calls from Debt Rescue….

Check out Darren Simpson’s daily podcasts at 94.5 KFM

e-mail Whackhead your prank ideas:

DebtBusters is South Africa’s leading and largest debt management company, which offers amongst other debt solutions and debt consolidation, the solution debt counselling. In 2007, the formal debt solution, debt counselling, was introduced by the National Credit Act. It is a similar process to that of debt consolidation, as it allows you to place all of your debts into one single account, rather than having the hassle of paying off multiple accounts every month. Debt counselling is a better and more manageable solution for improving your financial situation and making debt repayments, as it reduces the amount interest you are required to pay on debt repayments. Debt counselling is similar to debt consolidation, as it will enable you to get better interest rates on credit in the future.

This video takes you through debt counselling process and will enable you to see how the process is similar, yet differentiates from debt consolidation. DebtBusters debt solutions such as debt counselling and debt consolidation can be further explained by a financial consultant by calling 086 999 0606.

A DebtBusters financial consultant will assess your financial situation a draw up an appropriate monthly budget, which will enable you to meet your debt requirements and make one monthly debt repayment. Just like debt consolidation, in order to qualify for debt counselling, all you need to do is provide DebtBusters with your Identity document, bank statements and latest payslip. However, it is also essential to recognise that you have to be deemed over indebted and earning a monthly income.

Due to varying financial situations, DebtBusters will be able to advise whether debt counselling or debt consolidation is best suited to your financial circumstances. In terms of debt consolidation, our financial consultants will be able to provide you with secured or unsecured debt consolidation. However, in most circumstances, debt counselling is considered as a preferable and more efficient debt solution and will give you a second chance to build a brighter future.

Debt services such as debt consolidation, debt counselling and debt management are available on the DebtBusters website Just like debt consolidation, debt counselling can reduce costs and save you money on monthly debt repayments and interest rates. Debt counselling is a viable debt solution, just like debt consolidation and can help consumers to become financially literate and assist South Africa with overcoming the economic and social challenges it currently faces,

Just how can Debt Management Plans (DMPs) Work?

These days, i am going over what financial obligation administration programs. I’ll go over what they’re, the way they work, and debunk a couple of myths that have been popping up round the Interwebs.

Directory of non-profit credit guidance companies (we used Money control Global):

Movie Rating: / 5

This movie walks through the calculation and explanation of this existing, quick, inventory return, times sales outstanding, fixed asset return, complete asset return, total debt to complete asset, times interest acquired and cash coverage ratios.
Video Rating: / 5

STOP BEING LAZY! bad credit credit card good credit credit repair

The Credit Coach is affected and coached by Tre Man. We’ve helped countless folks start a different sort of road in life. In order that indicates we can in addition assist you to,
We have studied the credit system for many years to find the best route for almost any special scenario.


credit restoration secrets,
credit repair this sneaky technique raises your credit score legitimately and quickly endings,
credit repair letters that work,
credit fix cloud,
credit restoration pc software,
credit fix businesses,
credit restoration nerds,
credit fix reviews,
credit fix commercial,
credit repair page,
credit restoration,
credit repair company,
credit repair after personal bankruptcy,
credit restoration academy,
credit restoration marketing and advertising,
credit repair australia,
credit repair home based business,
credit restoration business pc software,
credit restoration company education,
credit restoration publications,
start a credit restoration business,
most useful credit restoration,
sky-blue credit fix,
best credit restoration businesses,
credit fix cloud analysis,
credit fix commercial 2016,
credit restoration companies reviews,
credit restoration class,
credit restoration course,
credit fix canada,
credit fix diy,
credit restoration dispute letters,
how does credit restoration work,
credit repair e-book,
credit fix professionals,
credit restoration made effortless analysis,
credit repair solutions enterprise united kingdom 1,
credit restoration quickly,
tips restore credit score fast,
free credit restoration pc software,
gizzy credit repair,
credit restoration assistance,
credit repair cheats,
credit restoration how to,
how exactly to restore credit yourself,
simple tips to fix credit quickly,
just how to fix credit score quickly,
key credit fix,
credit repair loophole,
credit repair prospects,
lexington law credit repair reviews,
lexington credit restoration,
landmark credit repair,
credit repair miracle,
credit fix advertising and marketing,
restore my credit,
repair my personal credit,
suze orman credit restoration,
restore your very own credit,
ovation credit fix,
credit fix advantages,
credit restoration positives commercial,
credit repair process,
credit restoration program,
project credit fix,
sky blue credit restoration reviews,
credit history restoration,
credit restoration pc software 2016,
credit restoration workshop,
credit fix cons,
credit fix secrets 2016,
credit repair solutions,
credit restoration figuratively speaking,
credit fix script,
credit repair instruction,
credit fix tips,
credit restoration testimonials,
credit restoration tips,
credit fix guide,
just how to fix credit,
credit restoration uk,
credit repair video clip,
credit repair site,
restore your credit,
credit restoration 101,
credit repair 2016,
credit fix 2015,
coles credit restoration 2015,
gizzy credit restoration 2015,
credit restoration 609


auto loan bad credit, automotive loans, auto loans for bad credit, auto loans for people with bad credit, auto loans with bad credit, bad credit, bad credit alliance, bad credit apply, bad credit endorsement, bad credit approved, bad credit apr, bad credit auto funding, bad credit auto loans, bad credit bank, bad credit banking institutions, beck credit rating, always check my credit report, check my credit history, check my credit score for free, look at your credit, look at your credit reports, cleanup my credit, tidy up my credit at no cost, clean up my credit history, clean your credit, cleanup your credit fast, clean your credit free-of-charge, clean your credit score, cleanse your credit, clean your credit rating, cleanse your credit your self, cleanse your very own credit, cleaning credit, cleaning credit card, cleansing credit cards, cleaning credit history, cleaning credit report, cleansing my credit, cleaning credit, cleaning up credit report, cleaning your credit, clear bad credit, obvious credit, total credit fix, consolidation loan bad credit, combination loans, credit, consumer credit counseling, credit fix, credit rating report, copy of credit file, credit, credit reporting agencies, credit bad, credit bureau, credit bureau report, credit bureau reports, credit agencies, charge card, credit debt, credit card debt solutions, credit debt solutions, bank card for

Should We Sell Our Home To Quickly Attain Financial Peace?

Figure out how to budget, beat financial obligation, & build a legacy. Visit the online store these days:

Subscribe stay up to date because of the latest movies:

Welcome to The Dave Ramsey Show like you’ve never seen it prior to. The program live streams on YouTube M-F 2-5pm ET! Check out Dave live in studio every day to see behind-the-scenes activity from Dave’s producers. View video pages of debt-free callers to discover all of them call-in real time from Ramsey possibilities. During breaks, you’ll see exclusive content from men and women like Rachel Cruze, and Chris Hogan, Christy Wright and Chris Brown —as well as all kinds of various other video pieces that we’ll reveal each and every day.

The Dave Ramsey Show station will change the way you experience one of the more well-known radio shows in the united kingdom!

Considering selling your house? Prior to the tours begin rolling in, think about Leigh-Ann Allaire Perrault’s strategies for staging your house.

Identity Theft Coverage – RFID Blockers – The Offer Man


Shield your self from ID theft these days. One of my personal favorite deals save 50percent off on RFID blockers for your wallet. Tried, tested and true!



Movie Rating: / 5

Cool Good Credit Bank Card photos

Browse these good credit credit card photos:

Metro wellness Farm marketplace at Aquinas College in Grand Rapids Photo by Michigan Municipal League
good credit charge card
Image by Michigan Municipal League (MML)
The Michigan Municipal league is performing a few case studies or how-to reports about placemaking activities occurring throughout the Great Lakes State. The League recently completed an in-depth glance at the state’s quickly growing farmers marketplace activity. In performing the research, the League went to about 40 of this 300-plus markets in Michigan.

We took photographs of each and every market observed and generally are posting them here on flickr so your globe can see the significant part that farmers areas can play in creating vibrant communities. Go ahead and use any of these photographs from our recent visit the Metro wellness Aquinas university Farm marketplace in Grand Rapids. It unsealed come early july and is one of the most recent markets when you look at the state. We just ask that photo credit be provided with such as this: flickr photo/Michigan Municipal League,

You can view the farmers market case study right here: and a weblog and slideshow about the farmers markets right here:…. You can view all our how-to reports right here: Visit here to look at our flickr whole number of farmers marketplace photographs:…

Here are a few facts about this example and that which we discovered during our statewide farmers market trip in the summer of 2014:

The 300-plus farmers areas which exist in Michigan appear in all shapes and sizes. They’re in large metropolitan facilities and little villages. They pop up in parking lots, fields, roadsides, on primary road plus permanent, historic structures.

They offer standard farmers marketplace fare – corn, apples, maple syrup, potatoes, and pumpkins – while the unexpected – home made herbs, baby garments, fresh-caught fish, precious jewelry, plus sea-urchin. You could get your knives sharpened, that person coated plus groceries for the few days. At a farmers marketplace available old friends and fulfill brand new ones. And you may speak to owner just who grew the melon or flowers you’re considering buying.

Farmers areas may also assist produce a place for people to assemble and revitalize a community and present a financial boost to existing organizations and inspire brand-new merchants to open up.
Written down a how-to case study about Michigan Farmers Market for the Michigan Municipal League, i acquired the opportunity come july 1st to check out about 30 areas across our great condition. I saw lots of people pack into the new location when it comes to Flint Farmers marketplace to great fanfare because of its grand opening in downtown on June 21. We smelled the yummy salsa meal a female ended up being finding your way through the woman church fundraiser at Dansville Farmers Market. I saw a guy holding a rooster in Birmingham, a robotics group in Grand Blanc, violinists carrying out in East Lansing and Traverse City, and Spanish mackerel on sale within brand-new Downtown marketplace in Grand Rapids.

I’ve constantly enjoyed gonna farmers areas nevertheless the places and noises I practiced in my market tour come early july had been really inspirational, exciting and fun. While I saw numerous successful areas, I did encounter some that appeared to need a shot into the arm. I also attempted to visit a few areas that I ultimately discovered are not any longer functioning.

What exactly tends to make one market flourish as another withers regarding the vine?

The success or failure of a market can come down seriously to three terms: relations, relationships, connections, said Dru Montri, manager of Michigan Farmers Market Association, an East Lansing-based non-profit business that tracks and offers support to farmers markets through the condition.

Montri said the 320 farmers areas inside their information base this present year is a record high because the relationship formed and beginning monitoring farmers markets in 2006. While many close every year a lot more open.

“Farmers markets are based on connections,” Montri explained. “That’s a very important thing about markets, and it can also be many challenging element of markets. It’s interactions between farmers by themselves, interactions between suppliers as well as the marketplace administration, relationships between the marketplace manager and sponsors and connections between sellers and shoppers. All of those are extremely, important. Everyone loves farmers markets because of that. People love going and talking-to vendors exactly how things are cultivated.”

But Montri said when connections sour that can impact every thing in a market. An effective marketplace could have strong leaders who is able to create good connections on all levels. She proposes an industry have a board of administrators or consultative staff to oversee it.
Montri stated how many farmers areas in Michigan have doubled since 2006 for a couple of factors.

Those factors include an increase in consumer interest about in which and just how their particular food is made and prepared; an ever growing awareness among community leaders in regards to the value a farmers marketplace have in economic development and generating a sense of destination and neighborhood inside their city; and a need by farmers and vendors in direct marketing and advertising options, which tend to be profitable.

She thinks how many markets will continue to develop when it comes to foreseeable future, especially as more areas start to offer financial support programs to those who work in need, like the acceptance of SNAP Bridge Cards and associated services.

“There is these types of a large number of customers who possessn’t also yet considered shopping at farmers areas,” Montri said. “As long as we possess potential to carry a lot more people into farmers areas, we have the opportunity to increase the number of markets. Providing we’re strategic about growth, we could stay away from these saturation points. But, starting market a mile far from a current marketplace on the same day’s the week, as an example, may cause over saturation.”

This post and associated example ended up being written by Matt Bach, manager of media relations for Michigan Municipal League. They can be reached at

CCleaner Infected With Malware – Update Now! Equifax Updates, BlueBorne Hits Bluetooth – Threat Wire

< iframe size =" 425" height= "355" src ="" frameborder =" 0" allowfullscreen > CCleaner was infected with malware, Equifax is not having a great month, and also BlueBorne Strikes Bluetooth gadgets -billions of them. All that turning up now on ThreatWire.

Our Site:
Contact Us:
Risk Cord RSS:
Hazard Wire iTunes:
Aid us with Translations!

Equifax Confirms March Struts Vulnerability Behind Breach

Equifax Hackers Stole 200k Credit Card Accounts in One Fell Swoop


Wireless ‘BlueBorne’ Attacks Target Billions of Bluetooth Devices

Youtube Thumbnail credit:

Rick Smith, Chairman as well as CEO of Equifax Inc., on cybersecurity event entailing consumer information. Equifax has developed a dedicated site,, in order to help customers determine if their information has been possibly influenced and also to register for credit scores data surveillance as well as identity burglary security.

To find out more, please browse through
Video clip Ranking:/ 5

Salt Lake City, Utah 2002

Some cool credit application images:

Salt Lake City, Utah 2002
credit application
Image by NASA Goddard Photo and Video
Salt Lake City, Utah, Winter 2001

The 2002 Winter Olympics are hosted by Salt Lake City at several venues within the city, in nearby cities, and within the adjacent Wasatch Mountains. This simulated natural color image presents a snowy, winter view of north central Utah that includes all of the Olympic sites. The image extends from Ogden in the north, to Provo in the south; and includes the snow-capped Wasatch Mountains and the eastern part of the Great Salt Lake.
This image was acquired on February 8, 2001 by the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) on NASA’s Terra satellite. With its 14 spectral bands from the visible to the thermal infrared wavelength region, and its high spatial resolution of 15 to 90 meters (about 50 to 300 feet), ASTER will image Earth for the next 6 years to map and monitor the changing surface of our planet.
ASTER is one of five Earth-observing instruments launched December 18,1999, on NASA’s Terra satellite. The instrument was built by Japan’s Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. A joint U.S./Japan science team is responsible for validation and calibration of the instrument and the data products. Dr. Anne Kahle at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California, is the U.S. Science team leader; Bjorn Eng of JPL is the project manager. ASTER is the only high resolution imaging sensor on Terra. The Terra mission is part of NASA’s Earth Science Enterprise, along-term research and technology program designed to examine Earth’s land, oceans, atmosphere, ice and life as a total integrated system.
The broad spectral coverage and high spectral resolution of ASTER will provide scientists in numerous disciplines with critical information for surface mapping, and monitoring dynamic conditions and temporal change. Example applications are: monitoring glacial advances and retreats; monitoring potentially active volcanoes; identifying crop stress; determining cloud morphology and physical properties; wetlands evaluation; thermal pollution monitoring; coral reef degradation; surface temperature mapping of soils and geology; and measuring surface heat balance.

Image credit:

Credit: NASA Earth Observatory

NASA image use policy.

NASA Goddard Space Flight Center enables NASA’s mission through four scientific endeavors: Earth Science, Heliophysics, Solar System Exploration, and Astrophysics. Goddard plays a leading role in NASA’s accomplishments by contributing compelling scientific knowledge to advance the Agency’s mission.

Follow us on Twitter

Like us on Facebook

Find us on Instagram

British Columbia (NASA, International Space Station, 01/21/11)
credit application
Image by NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center
Editor’s Note: Hey Flickr friends, I thought all of you would like this one. The text from NASA goes into some great detail about new methods of photography from the Space Station. Happy weekend!

A test photo of British Columbia’s snow-capped west coast mountains is the first official image taken from the International Space Station’s new Window Observational Research Facility, or WORF.

The image was taken to test the functionality of the control computer and camera associated with EarthKAM, an educational outreach project that allows Earth bound middle school students to take pictures of our home planet from the unique perspective of the space station, 220 miles above the Earth’s surface. WORF was delivered to the station on the STS-131 mission of space shuttle Discovery in April 2010.

EarthKAM uses a Nikon D2X digital camera, and was set up in the WORF by Expedition 26 NASA flight engineer Cady Coleman on Jan. 17. EarthKAM ground controllers took the test photo. Expedition 26 also includes Commander Scott Kelly of NASA, European Space Agency astronaut Paolo Nespoli, and Russian cosmonauts Oleg Skripochka, Alexander Kaleri and Dmitry Kontratyev.

The test photo, designated ISS EarthKAM Image Winter 2011 #9362, is of an area of British Columbia, Canada, just north of Vancouver Island. The center point of the photo is 51 degrees, 48 minutes north and 127 degrees, 54 minutes west. Visible in the photo are Calvert and Hecate Islands on the Canadian coast and the southern portion of Hunter Island. Also visible are glaciers of the Ha-iltzuk Icefield near the 8,720-foot-tall — 2,658-meter-tall — Mount Somolenko. Mount Somolenko is a volcanic peak in southwestern British Columbia, that lies in a circular volcanic depression in the Pacific Ranges of the Coast Mountains called the Silverthrone Caldera.

While this isn’t a particularly unique Earth observation image, it is notable that even though it was taken with a wider angle, 50mm lens and covers an area 124 miles/200 kilometers, by 83 miles/134 kilometers, it can be enlarged by more than 400 percent while keeping features in the photo identifiable. This is made possible by the high-quality optics of the Earth-facing window of the Destiny Laboratory, which was launched on Feb. 7, 2001.

The installation of WORF allowed removal of an internal "scratch pane" that has reduced the quality of images taken though the window. WORF also provides a highly stable mounting platform to hold cameras and sensors rock steady at the window, as well as the power, command, data, and cooling connections needed for their operation.

"With the WORF finally in place we can now for the first time make full use of the investment we made in having an optical quality window onboard the station for Earth science and observation," said former astronaut Mario Runco, who was part of the design and development teams for the Destiny window and WORF, and now serves as NASA’s lead for Spacecraft Window Optics and Window/WORF Utilization at NASA’s Johnson Space Center, Houston.

"We are very excited to have a new camera system that appears to be functional and taking incredible images," said Karen Flammer, who manages EarthKAM operations at the University of California, can Diego. "The first student images were taken by Parkview Montessori in the Jackson-Madison County (Tenn.) School System, and Public School 229 – Dyker in Brooklyn, N.Y., part of the New York City Department of Education.

Parkview teacher Vickie LeCroy’s students plan to study landforms, such as islands, mountains and deserts in the image they took of Mexico, and Dyker teacher Camille Fratantoni’s students plan to enrich their studies of earth science and learn more about NASA missions.

In addition to their educational outreach role with EarthKAM, the combination of the window and WORF adds to the station’s capabilities as an Earth science remote sensing platform for high-resolution cameras and multi and hyperspectral imagers. Images from space have many applications, such as in the study of climate and meteorology; oceanography; geology and volcanology; coastal, agricultural, ranch and forestry management; and disaster assessments and management.

The test image is available in multiple sizes and resolutions, visit:

Image credit: NASA

View original image/caption:

More about space station research:

There’s a Flickr group about Space Station Research. Please feel welcome to join!

Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center: P-40 Warhawk with “sharktooth” nose

A few nice 3 credit scores images I found:

Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center: P-40 Warhawk with “sharktooth” nose
3 credit scores
Image by Chris Devers
See more photos of this, and the Wikipedia article.

Details, quoting from Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum | Curtiss P-40E Warhawk (Kittyhawk IA):

Whether known as the Warhawk, Tomahawk, or Kittyhawk, the Curtiss P-40 proved to be a successful, versatile fighter during the first half of World War II. The shark-mouthed Tomahawks that Gen. Claire Chennault’s "Flying Tigers" flew in China against the Japanese remain among the most popular airplanes of the war. P-40E pilot Lt. Boyd D. Wagner became the first American ace of World War II when he shot down six Japanese aircraft in the Philippines in mid-December 1941.

Curtiss-Wright built this airplane as Model 87-A3 and delivered it to Canada as a Kittyhawk I in 1941. It served until 1946 in No. 111 Squadron, Royal Canadian Air Force. U.S. Air Force personnel at Andrews Air Force Base restored it in 1975 to represent an aircraft of the 75th Fighter Squadron, 23rd Fighter Group, 14th Air Force.

Donated by the Exchange Club in Memory of Kellis Forbes.

Curtiss Aircraft Company


Country of Origin:
United States of America

Overall: 330 x 970cm, 2686kg, 1140cm (10ft 9 15/16in. x 31ft 9 7/8in., 5921.6lb., 37ft 4 13/16in.)

All-metal, semi-monocoque

Physical Description:
Single engine, single seat, fighter aircraft.

Long Description:
Whether it was the Tomahawk, Warhawk, or Kittyhawk, the Curtiss P-40 was a successful and versatile fighter aircraft during the first half of World War II. The shark-mouthed Tomahawks that General Claire Chennault led against the Japanese remain among the most popular airplanes of the war. In the Phillipines, Lt. Boyd D. Wagner became the first American ace of World War II while flying a P-40E when he shot down six Japanese aircraft during mid-December 1941. P-40s were first-line Army Air Corps fighters at the start of the war but they soon gave way to more advanced designs such as the Republic P-47 Thunderbolt and the Lockheed P-38 Lightning (see NASM collection for both aircraft). The P-40 is not ranked among the best overall fighters of the war but it was a rugged, effective design available in large numbers early in the war when America and her allies urgently required them. The P-40 remained in production from 1939 to the end of 1944 and a total of 13, 737 were built.

Design engineer Dr. Donovan R. Berlin layed the foundation for the P-40 in 1935 when he designed the agile, but lightly-armed, P-36 fighter equipped with a radial, air-cooled engine. The Curtiss-Wright Corporation won a production contract for 210 P-36 airplanes in 1937-the largest Army airplane contract awarded since World War I. Worldwide, fighter aircraft designs matured rapidly during the late 1930s and it was soon obvious that the P-36 was no match for newer European designs. High altitude performance in particular became a priceless commodity. Berlin attempted to improve the P-36 by redesigning it in to accommodate a turbo-supercharged Allison V-1710-11 inline, liquid-cooled engine. The new aircraft was designated the XP-37 but proved unpopular with pilots. The turbo-supercharger was not reliable and Berlin had placed the cockpit too far back on the fuselage, restricting the view to the front of the fighter. Nonetheless, when the engine was not giving trouble, the more-streamlined XP-37 was much faster than the P-36.

Curtiss tried again in 1938. Berlin had modified another P-36 with a new Allison V-1710-19 engine. It was designated the XP-40 and first flew on October 14, 1938. The XP-40 looked promising and Curtiss offered it to Army Air Corps leaders who evaluated the airplane at Wright Field, Ohio, in 1939, along with several other fighter proposals. The P-40 won the competition, after some modifications, and Curtiss received an order for 540. At this time, the armament package consisted of two .50 caliber machine guns in the fuselage and four .30 caliber machine guns in the wings.

After production began in March 1940, France ordered 140 P-40s but the British took delivery of these airplanes when Paris surrendered. The British named the aircraft Tomahawks but found they performed poorly in high-altitude combat over northern Europe and relegated them to low-altitude operations in North Africa. The Russians bought more than 2,000 P-40s but details of their operational history remain obscure.

When the United States declared war, P-40s equipped many of the Army Air Corps’s front line fighter units. The plucky fighter eventually saw combat in almost every theater of operations being the most effective in the China-Burma-India (CBI) Theater. Of all the CBI groups that gained the most notoriety of the entire war, and remains to this day synonymous with the P-40, is the American Volunteer Group (AVG) or the Flying Tigers. The unit was organized after the Chinese gave former U. S. Army Air Corps Captain Claire Lee Chennault almost 9 million dollars in 1940 to buy aircraft and recruit pilots to fly against the Japanese. Chennault’s most important support within the Chinese government came from Madam Chiang Kai-shek, a Lt. Colonel in the Chinese Air Force and for a time, the service’s overall commander.

The money from China diverted an order placed by the British Royal Air Force for 100 Curtiss-Wright P-40B Tomahawks but buying airplanes was only one important step in creating a fighting air unit. Trained pilots were needed, and quickly, as tensions across the Pacific escalated. On April 15, 1941, President Franklin D. Roosevelt quietly signed an Executive Order permitting Chennault to recruit directly from the ranks of American military reserve pilots. Within a few months, 350 flyers joined from pursuit (fighter), bomber, and patrol squadrons. In all, about half the pilots in the Flying Tigers came from the U. S. Navy and Marine Corps while the Army Air Corps supplied one-third. Factory test pilots at Bell, Consolidated, and other companies, and commercial airline pilots, filled the remaining slots.

The Flying Tigers flew their first mission on December 20. The unit’s name was derived from the ferocious fangs and teeth painted on the nose of AVG P-40s at either side of the distinctive, large radiator air intake. The idea is said to originate from pictures in a magazine that showed Royal Air Force Tomahawks of No. 112 Squadron, operating in the western desert of North Africa, adorned with fangs and teeth painted around their air intakes. The Flying Tigers were the first real opposition the Japanese military encountered. In less than 7 months of action, AVG pilots destroyed about 115 Japanese aircraft and lost only 11 planes in air-to-air combat. The AVG disbanded on July 4, 1942, and its assets, including a few pilots, became a part of the U. S. Army Air Forces (AAF) 23rd Fighter Group in the newly activated 14th Air Force. Chennault, now a Brigadier General, assumed command of the 14th AF and by war’s end, the 23rd was one of the highest-scoring Army fighter groups.

As wartime experience in the P-40 mounted, Curtiss made many modifications. Engineers added armor plate, better self-sealing fuel tanks, and more powerful engines. They modified the cockpit to improve visibility and changed the armament package to six, wing-mounted, .50 caliber machine guns. The P-40E Kittyhawk was the first model with this gun package and it entered service in time to serve in the AVG. The last model produced in quantity was the P-40N, the lightest P-40 built in quantity, and much faster than previous models. Curtiss built a single P-40Q. It was the fastest P-40 to fly (679 kph/422 mph) but it could not match the performance of the P-47 Thunderbolt and the P-51 Mustang so Curtiss ended development of the P-40 series with this model. In addition to the AAF, many Allied nations bought and flew P-40s including England, France, China, Russia, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, South Africa, and Turkey.

The Smithsonian P-40E did not serve in the U. S. military. Curtiss-Wright built it in Buffalo, New York, as Model 87-A3 and delivered it to Canada as a Kittyhawk IA on March 11, 1941. It served in No. 111 Squadron, Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF). When the Japanese navy moved to attack Midway, they sent a diversionary battle group to menace the Aleutian Islands. Canada moved No. 111 Squadron to Alaska to help defend the region. After the Japanese threat diminished, the unit returned to Canada and eventually transferred to England without its P-40s. The RCAF declared the NASM Kittyhawk IA surplus on July 27, 1946, and the aircraft eventually returned to the United States. It had several owners before ending up with the Explorer Scouts youth group in Meridian, Mississippi. During the early 1960s, the Smithsonian began searching for a P-40 with a documented history of service in the AVG but found none. In 1964, the Exchange Club in Meridian donated the Kittyhawk IA to the National Aeronautical Collection, in memory of Mr. Kellis Forbes, a local man devoted to Boys Club activities. A U. S. Air Force Reserve crew airlifted the fighter to Andrews Air Force Base, Maryland, on March 13, 1964. Andrews personnel restored the airplane in 1975 and painted it to represent an aircraft of the 75th Fighter Squadron, 23rd Fighter Group, 14th Air Force.

• • •

Quoting from Wikipedia | Curtiss P-40 Warhawk:

The Curtiss P-40 Warhawk was an American single-engine, single-seat, all-metal fighter and ground attack aircraft that first flew in 1938. It was used by the air forces of 28 nations, including those of most Allied powers during World War II, and remained in front line service until the end of the war. It was the third most-produced American fighter, after the P-51 and P-47; by November 1944, when production of the P-40 ceased, 13,738 had been built, all at Curtiss-Wright Corporation‘s main production facility at Buffalo, New York.

The P-40 design was a modification of the previous Curtiss P-36; this reduced development time and enabled a rapid entry into production and operational service.

Warhawk was the name the United States Army Air Corps adopted for all models, making it the official name in the United States for all P-40s. The British Commonwealth and Soviet air forces used the name Tomahawk for models equivalent to the P-40B and P-40C, and the name Kittyhawk for models equivalent to the P-40D and all later variants.

The P-40’s lack of a two-stage supercharger made it inferior to Luftwaffe fighters such as the Messerschmitt Bf 109 or the Focke-Wulf Fw 190 in high-altitude combat and it was rarely used in operations in Northwest Europe. Between 1941 and 1944, however, the P-40 played a critical role with Allied air forces in three major theaters: North Africa, the Southwest Pacific and China. It also had a significant role in the Middle East, Southeast Asia, Eastern Europe, Alaska and Italy. The P-40’s performance at high altitudes was not as critical in those theaters, where it served as an air superiority fighter, bomber escort and fighter bomber.

P-40s first saw combat with the British Commonwealth squadrons of the Desert Air Force (DAF) in the Middle East and North African campaigns, during June 1941. The Royal Air Force‘s No. 112 Squadron was among the first to operate Tomahawks, in North Africa, and the unit was the first to feature the "shark mouth" logo, copying similar markings on some Luftwaffe Messerschmitt Bf 110 twin-engine fighters. [N 1]

Although it gained a post-war reputation as a mediocre design, suitable only for close air support, more recent research including scrutiny of the records of individual Allied squadrons indicates that the P-40 performed surprisingly well as an air superiority fighter, at times suffering severe losses, but also taking a very heavy toll on enemy aircraft. The P-40 offered the additional advantage of low cost, which kept it in production as a ground-attack fighter long after it was obsolete in the air superiority role.

As of 2008, 19 P-40s were airworthy.

• • • • •

See more photos of this, and the Wikipedia article.

Details, quoting from Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum | Space Shuttle Enterprise:

Rockwell International Corporation

Country of Origin:
United States of America

Overall: 57 ft. tall x 122 ft. long x 78 ft. wing span, 150,000 lb.
(1737.36 x 3718.57 x 2377.44cm, 68039.6kg)

Aluminum airframe and body with some fiberglass features; payload bay doors are graphite epoxy composite; thermal tiles are simulated (polyurethane foam) except for test samples of actual tiles and thermal blankets.

The first Space Shuttle orbiter, "Enterprise," is a full-scale test vehicle used for flights in the atmosphere and tests on the ground; it is not equipped for spaceflight. Although the airframe and flight control elements are like those of the Shuttles flown in space, this vehicle has no propulsion system and only simulated thermal tiles because these features were not needed for atmospheric and ground tests. "Enterprise" was rolled out at Rockwell International’s assembly facility in Palmdale, California, in 1976. In 1977, it entered service for a nine-month-long approach-and-landing test flight program. Thereafter it was used for vibration tests and fit checks at NASA centers, and it also appeared in the 1983 Paris Air Show and the 1984 World’s Fair in New Orleans. In 1985, NASA transferred "Enterprise" to the Smithsonian Institution’s National Air and Space Museum.

Transferred from National Aeronautics and Space Administration