National Local business Week Day 1

Take a look at these annual credit history photos:

National Local business Week Day 1
annual credit score
< img alt=" yearly credit history" src=" https://www.credit-report-online.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/3544864444_f3ce46967b.jpg" size=" 400"/ > Photo by< a href= " http://www.flickr.com/photos/35899785@N00/3544864444" > ShashiBellamkonda The UNITED STATE Local business Administration’s National Small company Week was kept in Washington, D.C., noting the 56th wedding anniversary of the agency, and the 46th annual announcement of National Small

Business Week. Greater than 100 small company proprietors from across the country collected at the Mandarin Asian Resort in addition to keynotes as well as panels fro leading audio speakers consisting of Karen Mills, Manager, U.S. Small Company Administration and also Michael Concierge
Diocesan William Lawrence College Professor, based at Harvard Business College

( cc) Shashi Bellamkonda Social Media Swami Network Solutions If you use this picture please credit score as revealed.

National Small company Week Day 1
annual credit score
< img alt=" annual credit history" src=" https://www.credit-report-online.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/3544056945_8bd4745407.jpg" size=" 400"/ > Image by< a href= " http://www.flickr.com/photos/35899785@N00/3544056945" > ShashiBellamkonda The United States Local business Management’s National Small company Week was kept in Washington, D.C., noting the 56th anniversary of the firm, and also the 46th annual pronouncement of National Small

Company Week. More compared to 100 small company owners from throughout the nation collected at the Chinese Oriental Hotel together with keynotes and also panels fro leading speakers consisting of Karen Mills, Manager, U.S. Small Service Management and Michael Concierge
Diocesan William Lawrence College Professor, based at Harvard Service College

( cc) Shashi Bellamkonda Social Media Swami Network Solutions If you utilize this picture please credit score as shown.

National Small company Week Day 1
annual credit score
< img alt=" yearly credit history" src =" https://www.credit-report-online.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/3544057703_3aff3ce05d.jpg" size =" 400"/ > Image by< a href =" http://www.flickr.com/photos/35899785@N00/3544057703" > ShashiBellamkonda The United States Small company Administration
‘s National Local business Week was kept in Washington, D.C., noting the 56th anniversary of the company, and also the 46th yearly pronouncement of National Small Company Week. Even more than 100 tiny service owners from across the

nation collected at the Mandarin Asian Hotel in addition to keynotes and panels fro leading audio speakers consisting of Karen Mills, Administrator, U.S. Small Business Administration and also Michael Concierge Bishop William Lawrence University Professor, based at Harvard Business College(
cc) Shashi Bellamkonda Social media site Swami Network Solutions If you use this photo please credit as revealed.

Mt Gambier. Caledonian Hall Mt Gambier unsealed in 1913 by George Riddoch

Some cool car loan price pictures:

Mt Gambier. Caledonian Hall Mt Gambier exposed in 1913 by George Riddoch
car finance price
Image by denisbin
Brief reputation for Mt Gambier – the next town of SA after Adelaide (region populace almost 35,000, metropolitan 28,000).
Lieutenant James give aboard the Lady Nelson sighted and named Mt Gambier in 1800 after a Lord for the Admiralty. 1st white guy to traverse the location was Stephen Henty of Portland in 1839 when he sighted the Blue Lake. He returned with cattle and stockmen in 1841. He later on stated which had he known the pond and volcano he’d found in 1839 was at SA he’d have straight away applied for an 1839 Unique Survey. But Henty believed he was squatting on land in NSW and then he had not been an official SA settler and so the federal government ordered him off the land in 1844. Therefore 1st official white settler for the south-east and the Mt Gambier region became Evelyn Sturt, sibling to Captain Charles Sturt, whom took up an occupational permit in March 1844 and home he known as Compton just north regarding the present town. In April 1844 Governor Grey and a party of assistants such as the Assistant Surveyor General Thomas Burr and musician George French Angas explored the South East naming Robe and performing the first surveys. Evelyn Sturt became the first ever to have an occupational permit to squat and the first buy freehold land near Mt Gambier which he did in 1847- a section of 77 miles when 80 miles was the norm. He left the region in 1854 attempting to sell their freehold land to Hastings Cunningham which in 1855 subdivided some of this land therefore creating the town of Gambierton. Town places were next to the site of the very first authorities section selected near what exactly is today Cave Gardens because of the government in 1845. A little bush inn additionally operated as of this spot. 1st roads were known as after early locals such as for instance Evelyn Sturt, Compton, Ferrers and Crouch (built the very first general shop prior to the city was created) etc. Town expanded rapidly because of the moderate environment, fertile grounds, abundant liquid together with increase of settlers from across the border in what would be to become the colony of Victoria. Cunningham himself ended up being an excellent benefactor and donated land for the first college in 1856. In 1861 town title was changed by work of parliament to Mt Gambier. The hundred or so of Mt Gambier (alongside three various other hundreds) had been declared in 1858 and began the closer settlement associated with south-east.

Unlike areas of SA the South East was regarded as utopia for pastoralists as well as the optimistic pastoralists flocked on location due to their flocks in 1845. The big works locked up the land and prevented farmers from settling in your community except for the fertile lands around Mount Gambier. Right here small scale farmers had tiny properties and grew potatoes, hops, and soon after had dairy cattle including developing wheat and oats. Land functions during the early 1870s designed to break up the top runs just partly succeeded in South East in which many station proprietors bought up their places freehold. It absolutely was after 1905 ahead of the huge pastoral properties had been actually split up for farmers and closer settlement, except for almost Mt Gambier. Aside from Evelyn Sturt others early white settlers regarding the South East in 1845 were Alexander Cameron at Penola, John Robertson at Struan, William Macintosh and George Ormerod at Naracoorte, the Austin brothers at Yallum Park (later on John Riddoch), the Arthur brothers (nephews of Governor Arthur of Van Diemen’s Land) at Mt Schanck( today Mt Schank) and Leake brothers at Glencoe. Indeed in 1845 nineteen leasehold runs had been adopted in the South East with another thirty runs in 1846 and a lot of had a few 80 miles sections of freehold land close to the primary homestead. Most had got to the South East from Casterton and Portland in Victoria because the swamps near the coast were also hard to traverse with the exception of the country near Robe. Lots of the properties were huge. Evelyn Sturt from the Compton/Mt Gambier run had 85 square miles along with his freehold land; Robertson had 135 square miles at Struan; George Glen (and William Vansittart) of Mayurra had 110 square kilometers; the SA business had 159 square miles on the Benara run; the Leake brothers had 194 square miles on Glencoe; Hunter had 56 square kilometers on Kalangadoo; Neil Black of Noorat Victoria had 45 square miles on Kongorong run and 101 square kilometers at Port MacDonnell in addition to Arthur brothers had a big run at Mt Schanck. By 1851 almost 5,000 square miles for the South East had been occupied by Occupational License & most licenses were changed into 14 12 months leases in that year. A third of all leasehold land in SA was taken on into the South East due to the higher rainfall and suitability for pastoralism and a 3rd of all of the sheep in colony had been when you look at the South East. Whenever Hundreds were stated into the south-east in belated 1850s and early 1860s pastoralists bought within the land. In one instance John Riddoch of Yallum Park had the complete Hundred of Monbulla. Another pastoralist W. Clarke who had bought Mt Schancke section from Arthur brothers in 1861 possessed SA land valued at £1.25 million as he died in 1874 in which he had 120,000 miles freehold in Victoria, 75,000 acres freehold in SA( Mt Schank) and 50,000 acres freehold in every one of NSW and Tasmania! Mt Schanck had been altered in Schank in 1917 when German place-names in SA were changed as Schank without having the 2nd “c” is a classic English name!

Into the 1850s Mt Gambier ended up being a shanty village because the south-east ended up being an area of large pastoral estates and small agricultural farming and very low population figures. It was not even close to Adelaide and remote and it was just following the Princeland event in 1862 because of the threat of feasible secession to a different suggest that the Adelaide federal government begun to purchase the south-east and really encourage settlement indeed there. The Border Check out paper had been established in 1861, the Mt Gambier Hotel opened in 1862 and also the Mt Gambier Council had been formed in 1863.By the first 1860s Mt Gambier had practically 1,000 residents which makes it one of many biggest towns in SA after the copper mining centers of Burra, Kadina and Moonta. By the 1881 SA census Mt Gambier had 2,500 residents which makes it the largest city outside of Adelaide. In 1865 four iconic historic buildings were erected-the Courthouse, the Gaol, Christ Church Anglican while the Post Office and Telegraph Station. The flourmill which later on became the Oat Mill started in 1867 as grain farmers had today taken on places round the Mount. Mt Gambier had been growing into an excellent successful searching town with churches, shops, banks, motels and good residences. Into the 1870s the rural population increased significantly with tenant potato farmers on Browne’s Moorak property and intensive jump growing in several localities such as for instance Yahl and OB Flat and Glenburnie etc. additionally in 1876 the very first commercial forestry ended up being begun on behest of George Goyder. A tree nursery had been established on side of Leg of Mutton Lake in 1876 on a niche site chosen by George Goyder himself. A stone cottage for the first nurseryman Charles Beale had been built also it survived until demolished in 1969 nevertheless the nursery closed in 1929. The nursery propagated eucalypts, Oak, Elm, Ash, Sycamore, and united states pines. Pinus radiata was first cultivated at leg-of-mutton Lake and was being dispersed with other areas by 1878. Pinus canariensis was also cultivated within the 1880s. Pinus radiata has become the essential generally grown commercial forest tree in SA and Australian Continent. Additionally in 1870s 1st medical center ended up being erected and Dr Wehl, the town’s medical practitioner for several years was in residence.

In the middle 1880s the first train range had been laid given that railway lines pressed from Mt Gambier to Naracoorte. The solution to Naracoorte began in 1887 and connected on using range to Bordertown and Adelaide. By 1897 a railway connected Mt Gambier to Millicent additionally the port at Beachport. The railroad line throughout the edge to Heywood and Melbourne wasn’t completed until 1917 because the SA federal government resisted a line that will just take products and passengers from Mt Gambier to Port Melbourne as opposed to to Port Adelaide. Mt Gambier railway place was once a hive of activity with day-to-day trains to Adelaide and an overnight sleeper services many times a week. Traveler trains to Mt Gambier from Adelaide ended in 1990 after Australian nationwide annexed the SA railway system. Freight services ended in 1995 therefore the railroad line and place ended up being officially closed. The railyards along with other buildings were cleared in 2013.

The Buandik Aboriginal Folks.
The Buandik people are commemorated in a town street but by small else. Yet they were resilient and determined fighters in opposition to the white settlement of south-east. Their particular career for the Mt Gambier district stretches back once again to around 20,000+ years but their dated occupation from archaeological sites extends back to about 11,000 many years along with their urban myths and legends including tales about volcanic task at Mt Gambier. The very last volcanic explosions had been about 4,000 years back. Both Mt Schank and Mt Gambier were crucial locations towards the Buandik for ceremonies, shopping, access to liquid and stone implement making. A government report in 1867 noted your Buandik folks in federal government care had been few in number mainly sickly and elderly. Younger people had presumably relocated out to the white community. But back in the 1840s the Buandik were a force is reckoned with. There are not any common stories of Aboriginal massacres but white pastoralists undoubtedly retaliated when sheep were stolen. On Mt Schank place the Buandik were so problematic that shepherds wouldn’t normally go out to care for sheep alone and Arthur brothers offered this trouble as their reason behind them offering the run-in 1845. In 1845 the federal government established a police place at Mt Gambier, that your Protector of Aboriginals visited, to make sure that pastoralists would not massacre the Buandik.

William Vansittart and Vansittart Park.
Vansittart Park has been a center point of Mt Gambier since 1884 for activities particularly household picnics, political rallies and speeches, bike rushing, band rotunda shows, bowling vegetables, sport egg-shaped, grandstand (1927) and Anzac memorial solutions. But who had been William Vansittart? He had been an Anglican reverend from The united kingdomt (Vansittart is a noble and governmental Anglo-Irish family when you look at the UK) just who arrived in SA in 1847 as a bachelor. He had been never ever licensed as a minister in SA but he developed their interests to make cash and horse racing here. He combined with the elite of Adelaide like Sir Samuel Davenport, the Governor and ended up being a friend of Hurtle Fisher and he was Master regarding the Hounds. In 1850 he purchased 35 miles at Beaumont where he built Tower House and 80 miles at Mt Gambier. He imported a thoroughbred horse from Hobart labeled as Lucifer. Ironic that a minister of religion could have a horse known as Lucifer! His ponies raced in Adelaide, Salisbury, Gawler, Brighton and Clare along with Mt Gambier and Penola. In 1851 he also annexed the 110 square mile 14 12 months lease of Mayurra run with George Glen of Millicent. In 1852 he gone back to England for a short while and on his return he purchased much more freehold land taking their estate to around 800 miles. Not long after in 1854 his horse shied, he was thrown against a tree and passed away of head accidents but he passed away intestate with an estate worth over £10,000. Glen bought aside their share of Mayurra; the Beaumont home and home ended up being sold in 1867 as were their battle ponies and his cousin Captain Spencer Vansittart eventually inherited the Mt Gambier home. Relative to William’s desires 115 acres had been set aside to deliver earnings for a scholarship for boarders at St Peters Boys university which took place from 1859. Later in 1883 Spencer Vansittart offered 20 miles toward Mt Gambier Council for a memorial park at the “nominal” amount of £400 which barely appears “nominal”. The Council increased that loan and purchased the land additionally the playground is still enjoyed because of the town’s residents and visitors. Captain Spencer’s widow offered the very last package of 300 miles of land in 1912 therefore closing the Vansittart backlinks with Mt Gambier. The Vansittart scholarship remains designed for boarders from the south-east and it is run by a small grouping of College trustees.

Some historical structures in Mt Gambier and a town stroll.
Your town stroll is basically straight ahead along Penola path towards the Mount itself which becomes Bay path( the bay has reached Port MacDonnell) as soon as you cross Commercial Street the Main Street. There are just a couple of diversions to the left while you face the Mount. The mentor will gather you at Mount end regarding the stroll near the Old Courthouse.

In the event that you a great walker check out the good homes in Jardine Street at figures 1, 7, 9, 11, 12, 17 and 22. They are priced between cottages to Gothic and turreted mansions including the house of Jens the hotelier. This detour will include another 10 minutes on stroll in the event that you elect to get it done.

1.Catholic Covent. Sisters of Mercy setup a convent college in 1880. This excellent convent had not been built until 1908 in neighborhood dolomite stone & limestone quoins. Note the good stone gables with small markets for statuary, the well-proportioned curved colonnades and upstairs oriel house windows – the projecting bay house windows with rock supports. This is certainly one of many best structures in Mt Gambier. The convent closed in 1986. Now Auspine.

2.Wesleyan Methodist Church Hall/Sunday Class. Next door is red dolomite neo-classical style Wesleyan Methodist sunday-school Hall. Countless kiddies attended Sunday School in those times. It unsealed in 1904. It is now commercial workplaces. (If you want to walk up Wyatt Street next to the Sunday School and turn right at second road that will be at Gray you will notice the old two storey Methodist Manse at 101 Gray St. It was integrated 1868 and sold 1941. While you develop into Gray Street the Salvation Army Hall is in your left. Allow 10 minutes for this detour before returning to Penola path).

3.Methodist Church now Liberty Church. A Gothic big church built-in 1862 by the Wesleyans. Exposed by minister from Portland. Improvements made 1877 with brand-new entry. The old lecture hall and sunday-school ended up being under the church. Note the buttress on sides and sides. Became Uniting Church 1977 and shut 1994 when solutions relocated to St Andrews Presbyterian Church. Behind the church (walk through the vehicle park) in Colhurst Put is LLandovery two storey mansion now a B&B. Built 1878 for a flour and oat miller who had their mill in Percy Street.

4.St Paul’s Catholic Church. This impressive Gothic chapel with huge tower with crenulations had been opened in 1884 and will be open these days. You can find 1966 extensions towards back from it. The Presbytery is behind the chapel facing Alexander St. it absolutely was built in 1901 when the chapel was without creating debt. The first thatched bush chapel had been integrated another area in 1855. From 1857 the priest ended up being dad Julian Tenison Woods, explorer, educational, horseman an such like. A moment chapel opened in 1861 in Sturt St and it is now demolished. It closed in 1885 because church started. The bells originated from Dublin. The church fence and gates built 1936.

5.The Mount Gambier Club. Across the street may be the Club. It had been integrated 1904 for a local distiller as chambers for lease. The rich pastoralists associated with the South East formed a unique males just club in 1913 and has now used the upper flooring of Engelbrecht’s chambers from the time. They purchased the whole building in 1920. The Club is a beautifully proportioned ancient design building with pediments, balustrades, screen entablature, and perfect symmetry. Look down the edges and you will notice it consists of Mt Gambier limestone obstructs.

6.Mt Gambier Caledonian Hall. Next door could be the Scots Club. Its prominence indicates the Scottish links of many Gambier residents. The hallway ended up being opened in 1914 and established by the previous Prime Minister Sir George Reid, another Scot. It has classical features it is rather ugly and ignored nowadays. It is now a night club.

7.The Trustees Building. Beside the Caledonian could be the Trustee Building erected in 1958. Its blue and bone tissue tiled façade is typical of 1950s structure the rectangular appearance has actually hook traditional look about it. It really is on the SA history Register. Accountants today occupy it.

8.Turn left into Percy Street and complement here beyond KFC for starters town block to a higher corner for Oatmills (now a coffee shop and cinemas). Milling and brewing had been two of Mt Gambier’s prime nineteenth century sectors. The 4 storey complex here had been were only available in 1867 for Welsh Thomas Williams which in the course of time had five flour mills. Their mill had been known as Commercial Flourmills. A owner converted the mill from wheat milling to oat milling. An innovative new oatmill was built in 1901 and operated until 1975 creating Scottish porridge oats. The mill has now been restored with café, stores and cinemas. Return to Penola Rd.

9. Mt Gambier Resort. No resort may have an even more remarkable origin than the Mt Gambier. An African United states John Byng built a weatherboard hotel near in 1847. The next licensee Alexander Mitchell, another Scot, took it over and moved the hotel to this corner site in 1862 as an impressive two storey hotel that was uncommon at that time. The western wing had been added in 1883 and balconies affixed in 1902.

10.Cross towards Mount using traffic lights then turn remaining into Commercial Street East.

11.Mt Gambier Town Hall. Marked while the Riddoch Gallery this good Venetian Gothic design building is impressive with its coloured rock work contrasting well with concrete rendered horizontal outlines and vertical panels around windows and doors. Top of the windows tend to be mullioned with rock divisions between your cup. It was built in 1882 using time clock tower added in 1883 after a donation. 1st Council conference was at 1863 with Dr Wehl as president held in a hotel. Later the Council hired a room on Foresters Hall and they purchased this web site in 1868 with a weatherboard area. This was used until 1882.

12.Mt Gambier old Institute. The Literary Institute was formed in 1862 and a basis rock laid for a reading room/hall in 1868 by John Riddoch. The solitary storey institute unsealed in 1869. Top of the floor was added in 1887, such that it would match the newest Town Hall. Its integrated a similar style- Venetian Romanesque while the house windows and rounded and never arched as with a gothic framework.

13.Captain Gardiner Memorial Fountain 1884. The water feature ended up being provided by Captain Robert Gardiner the grandfather of Sir Robert Helpman (his title had been originally Helpmann). The water feature was made in Melbourne .Gardiner was also a benefactor of St Andrew’s Presbyterian -he donated the pipeline organ in 1885.

14.Jens Hotel. After demolishing a youthful hotel (the 1847 hotel of John Byng) Johannes Jens had initial area of their Jens Hotel constructed on this corner in 1884. An almost identical east wing had been erected in 1904 as well as the Spanish Art Deco part in 1927. Change below and get behind the city hallway on Cave Gardens.

15.Cave Gardens. This area was an early water supply. A garden was made in 1893 then enhanced and reconstructed in 1925. This sink hole has recently been enhanced once more and it is illuminated through the night.

16.Post Workplace. This important communications centre had been erected in 1865 as a telegraph office/post company. This will be till among the finest structures in Mt Gambier and an unusual exemplory instance of the Georgian design the city. . The single storey part wings were included in 1906 in a sympathetic design. It is still the primary city postoffice.

17.Norris Agency Building. This superb Italianate building was completed in 1900 as chambers for businessmen. Owner was Alexander Norris which died in 1917. The façade is green dolomite with cement quoins and strange lined decoration work over the windows and door each included within a triangular classical pediment.

18.Farmers Union Building. Another classical design building built if this style had been out of fashion in 1914.Erected for Farmers Union as a big two storey building. It’s not one associated with the elegance of this Norris building nearby. FU ended up being formed in 1888 in Jamestown by Thomas Mitchell, a Scot as well as others to offer inexpensive prices for grains, seeds and superphosphate in early 1900s they branched into items for milk farmers and marketing and advertising of dairy food. The Mt Gambier region had a good amount of dairy farmers. It is currently possessed by a Japanese company Kirin however it nonetheless markets its chocolate milk beverages as Farmers Union. Upper floor features double pilasters (flattened pillars) with top volutes but small various other design.

19.Savings Bank Building regarding place. The previous Savings Bank in Gothic style is uncommon for commercial premises in Mt Gambier. It really is made of weathered regional limestone and was built in 1906. Note different slice stone the foundations, simulated turrets on corners and also by the door to split the façade look and also the stone range over the reduced screen which then divides the façade into equal thirds.

20.Macs Hotel. This hotel ended up being integrated 1864 and it is mainly unchanged except that the upper floor was included in 1881. The first licensee ended up being a Scot called John MacDonald. The two fold veranda supports are particularly elegant.

21.Roller flourmill now a painted hardware store. Built 1885 as a steam flourmill in red dolomite. Note the small 12 paned windows emerge bigger indented niches in walls on north wall surface. (Sturt St.)

22.Christ Church Anglican Church and hallway. Dr Browne of Moorak donated half the amount of money when it comes to building of Christ Church in green dolomite along with a unique gabled tower. Church and tower finished in 1866. Adjacent is the Jubilee Hall built-in 1915, damaged by fire in 1951, and rebuilt the identical in weathered regional limestone obstructs with the original foundation stone-still positioned. It has the solitary Gothic window in the pub dealing with gable and a crenulated square tower. Adjoining it is the 1869 Sunday School with all the thin double-pointed Gothic windows. It had been extended in 1892. The lychgate is more recent as a memorial to a frequent church goer, Margaret French who passed away in 1927.

23.The old railroad place just visible across the rail outlines towards right. Initial railway range was to Beachport in 1879 additionally the second to Naracoorte (therefore to Adelaide) in 1887. Portland and Melbourne line launched 1917. A spur line to Glencoe ended up being completed in 1904. First section ended up being erected in 1879. It had been demolished for hard-on associated with present place in 1918 which is similar in design to those who work in Tailem Bend, Bordertown, Moonta etc. Bluebird train vehicles started on Mt Gambier run-in 1953 as soon as the old 3’6” gauge line to Wolseley was converted to 5’3”. The past traveler service to Adelaide finished in 1990 together with station sealed for freight in 1995. The railyards had been cleared in 2013 therefore the future regarding the place is bleak. The train lines to Beachport and Glencoe closed in 1956/57.

24.The Old Courthouse, 42 Bay Rd. It offers outstanding reasonable wall suitable for sitting on. This smartly designed Georgian design Courthouse unsealed in 1865 plus the similarly styled part wings had been included in 1877. Leading veranda, which is maybe not Georgian in style, had been included in 1880. In 1975 the Courthouse had been given towards nationwide Trust for a museum. The adjoining brand-new Courthouse started in 1975 simultaneously. Note the “blind” house windows towards façade nevertheless the same curved Georgian shaped, 16 paned windows on sides.

The Blue Lake, Mt Schank and Volcanoes.
The jewel when you look at the crown of Mt Gambier is undoubtedly the volcanic cone, the crater lakes especially the Blue Lake additionally the surrounding Botanic Gardens and parklands. The Botanic outdoors regarding the north side had been authorized in 1872 but nothing took place about plantings and attention until 1882. The initial enjoyment road through the seat involving the Blue Lake and also the Valley Lake was created inside 1861 as an even more direct roadway to the then newly developed intercontinental slot called Port MacDonnell. This is the reason the trail is known as the Bay roadway. Surveyor General George Goyder explored the pond encompasses himself in 1876 when he selected your website the government tree nursery. Later on the government established the very first sawmill on side of the crater book near Moorak homestead during the early 1920s. The Centenary Tower ended up being initiated in 1900 to celebrate the centenary of Captain give sighting Mt Gambier. It took a long period to perform and ended up being established because of the Chief Justice of SA Sir Samuel Way in 1907 nonetheless it ended up being finished in 1904. The whole complex is a maar geomorphological development which originated during a volcanic age about 28,000 years ago but in a moment period of volcanic activity 4,000 to 6,000 years ago the cones and ponds of Mt Gambier had been developed along with the cones of Mt Schank and Mt Burr near Millicent. Mt Gambier had been the newest volcanic explosion in Australia. The crater lakes are: Blue Lake, Valley Lake, leg-of-mutton Lake and Browne’s Lake (dry). The Blue Lake is related into aquifers under the deep layers of limestone which underlay the complete South East. Blue Lake is mostly about 72 metres deep many of the water with it is approximated to be about 500 yrs . old but it is mixed with rainfall runoff annually aswell. The Lake supplies the water supply for Mt Gambier. Deep when you look at the lake are samples of the earliest lifestyle organisms on the planet- stromatalites. The lake modifications colour from grey to brilliant azure each November and reverts when you look at the after April. The alteration in colour is related to the positioning associated with the sun and reflected light from suspended particles inside pond which reflect blue green light as opposed to brown grey light. Subsequently the suspended matter just occurs because the water nearby the surface rises in heat in the springtime and it is this that causes the particles to precipitate out of the liquid. The precipitated matter settles regarding the bottom associated with the lake ready for an innovative new period the following springtime. Such as the Blue Lake various sink holes into the region have linkages toward fundamental aquifer through layers of limestone too and additionally they feature Cave Gardens, Umpherstone, Piccaninni Ponds, an such like.

Moorak Station and Tenison Woods College.
Moorak section as originally called Mount Gambier Station founded by George Glen when you look at the 1840s. The leasehold ended up being later bought out by David energy which subsequently marketed it to Fisher and Rochford which in turn sold the property as freehold on Scottish Dr William Browne who had set up Booborowie run together with sibling in 1843 north of Burra. The Browne brothers mixed their partnership around 1865 and John visited stay at Buckland Park and William used residence at Moorak. William had bought Moorak Station in 1862 and built the grand Moorak homestead in impressive Georgian style onto a smaller sized home there. William died in 1894 and Moorak home passed to his boy Colonel Percival Browne who had been to go away completely in the ill-fated voyage of brand new steamer the Waratah in 1909 which disappeared during a storm off Durban, Southern Africa. Also thereon voyage was Mrs. Agnes Hay (nee Gosse) of Mt Breckan Victor Harbor and Linden Park Estate Adelaide many 200 various other poor souls. Around 1909 the Moorak facility had been subdivided for closer settlement as well as in the 1920s the Marist Brothers bought the homestead with a little land due to their and monastery and exposed the Marist Brothers Agricultural College for males in 1931. That university consequently merged using the Mater Christi College in 1972 to be Tenison College. (Mater Christi university had been formed in 1952 by the merger of the St Josephs Convent School (1880) and St Peters Parish School nevertheless the main part of St Peters broke away in 1969 from Mater Christi College and formed a different St Peters main class. This main school in turn joined with Tenison university in 2001 to form Tenison Woods university!) The faculty title commemorates the task of dad Julian Tenison Woods just who found its way to Mt Gambier in 1857 to your workplace in Penola and Mt Gambier. It absolutely was he just who encouraged Mary MacKillop to just take her vows and establish the woman siblings of St Joseph.

Dr Browne’s supervisor of Moorak home in 1868 introduced hops as a viable crop in south-east and large volumes had been grown for about two decades. Various other early experimental crops cultivated included cigarette, cotton and flax. Dr Browne and Moorak had been also essential into the potato industry. Dr Browne leased around 830 miles to 20 tenants when it comes to present purpose of developing potatoes. He was keen to emulate the Uk aristocracy although he had been a Scot with being a manorial design landlord with tenant farmers. Potatoes had been also cultivated through the early years at Yahl, OB Flat and Compton near Mt Gambier. The potatoes had been carted right down to Port MacDonnell and transported to Adelaide for customers. Among the major wool manufacturers of Australia William Browne contributed approximately half the resources when it comes to hard-on of Christ Church Anglican in Mt Gambier. The Moorak property consisted of around 11,000 acres quite fertile volcanic soil in SA with another 2,000 miles in a nearby residential property, German Creek near Carpenter’s Rocks. Dr Browne went Silky Lincolns on Moorak because of their wool as Merinos couldn’t fare well in the moist south-east pastures. About 2,000 acres was at wheat, about 2,500 miles was tenanted with other farmers and around 4,000 miles had been in lucerne, clover, rye alongside pasture grasses. William Browne gone back to live in The united kingdomt in 1866 therefore his sons could attend Eton and army training universities here. He made regular trips to SA about every 2nd 12 months to oversee their numerous pastoral properties here. As he passed away in 1894 he left 100,000 acres of freehold land in SA to his children who all resided here and leasehold land. He was an exceptionally affluent man. Boy Percival took control over Moorak. Before Percival’s death Moorak home was partly bought because of the SA government in 1904 for closer settlement if they acquired around 1,000 acres. After Percival’s demise another 6,300 acres ended up being acquired for deeper settlement in addition to rest associated with estate ended up being sold to other farmers. The federal government paid between £10 and £31 per acre for land. Percival Browne was extremely respected in Mt Gambier and a reserve across the Blue Lake is known as after him. The fourth of the crater ponds of Mt Gambier can also be named Browne’s Lake after the household however it is dried out for many years. In 1900 Colonel Browne planted the ring of English Oaks around the thing that was in order to become the oval associated with the Marist Brothers university.

Moorak.
There clearly was a memorial because of the station to William Browne as creator of the Coriadale Sheep Stud. The truly amazing Moorak woolshed ended up being demolished in 1939. The Union church which opened in 1920 was utilized by the Methodists additionally the Anglicans. It is currently an exclusive residence. Moorak hall was exposed in 1926. New classrooms were included with the Moorak School in 1928 and also the first areas established in 1913. The mozzarella cheese factory in Moorak started in 1913 as a cooperative and ended up being sold to Farmers Union in 1949. They shut the factory in 1979. Most of the mozzarella cheese created at Moorak decided to go to the Melbourne market. The initial cheese maker at Moorak was trained at Lauterbach’s cheese factory at Woodside. Moorak was certainly one of a circle of settlements around Mt Gambier that had butter/cheese factories. These towns had been: Kongorong; Glencoe East; Glencoe West; Suttontown; Glenburnie; Mil Lel; Yahl; OB Flat; Moorak; Mt Schank; and Eight Mile Creek.

Yahl.
In the 1860s this tiny settlement had been a cigarette, jump and potato growing area and it also persisted with potatoes until recent past. Today Yahl is bit more than a suburban town of Mt Gambier with a Primary college with approx 120 pupils. The old federal government college had been erected in 1879. It had a Methodist chapel integrated 1880 which operated as a church until 1977 and it had a big butter factory which had exposed in 1888. The butter and mozzarella cheese factory ended up being bought out because of the OB Flat mozzarella cheese factory in 1939 additionally the two run together with one another. The OB Flat cheese factory closed in 1950 and all sorts of production moved to Yahl. The factory eventually closed in 1971. The township of Yahl additionally had an over-all Store and a Salvation Army Hall which was integrated 1919.

Sink Holes: Umpherston Gardens and Cave Gardens.
James Umpherston bought land near Mt Gambier in 1864 which included a sizable sink-hole or collapsed cavern with a pond inside bottom. He was born in Scotland in 1812 and came to SA inside 1850s along with his bro William. William purchased his very first land at Yahl in 1859. James Umpherston had been a civic minded chap becoming a nearby councilor, a parliamentarian in Adelaide for just two many years and President of this Mt Gambier Agricultural and Horticultural Society for 13 many years. As he retired from civic life and farming in 1884 he made a decision to develop a garden in the sinkhole. He beautified it and encouraged site visitors as well as supplied a boat when you look at the pond for boat trips. Access ended up being gained by tips and a path created into the sinkhole walls. However after he died in 1900 the yard ended up being dismissed, became overgrown and was mainly forgotten in 1949 if the Woods and Forests division obtained the land for a brand new sawmill at Mt Gambier. By then the lake had dried-up since the water table had fallen within the decades. In 1976 staff, as opposed to the government, decided to restore the Umpherstone gardens. The eliminated out the trash that were dumped within the sinkhole, restored the trail access, trimmed the ivy and replanted the hydrangeas and tree ferns. In 1994 the Woos and Forests Department handed over the land around the sinkhole into City of Mt Gambier. It was included with the SA Heritage enroll in 1995.

Cool Credit Card Fraud images

A few nice credit card fraud images I found:

Highest Bidder.
credit card fraud
Image by eyewashdesign: A. Golden
"Few men have virtue to withstand the highest bidder." ~ George Washington.

New Yorkers Protest the US0 BILLION (US TRILLION) Wall Street BAILOUT: Wall Street, NYC – September 25, 2008

Photographer: a. golden, eyewash design – c. 2008.

Upon talking about attending this BAILOUT protest, a Native American associate of mine mentioned that somewhere near the location of the NY Stock Exchange – on Wall Street – was the site for a bloody battle between Native tribes and American invaders. I thought this to be rather profound and rather apropos, considering, well, everything!

After some research, I could not find that this exact location was THE LOCATION, but discovered the following information from the www.hmbd.org website:

"Sankofa" —> African Burial Ground National Monument
Inscription. [On the marker is the Adinkra symbol "Sankofa," a symbol for the importance of learning from the past]

"For all those who were lost,
For all those who were stolen,
For all those who were left behind,
For all those who were not forgotten."

*Erected 2007 by National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior.*

Location. 40° 42.864′ N, 74° 0.267′ W. Marker is in New York City, New York, in New York County. Marker is on Federal Plaza/Duane Street 0.04 miles west of African Burial Ground Way/Elk Street, on the right when traveling east. Click for map. Marker inscriptions are part of the African Burial Ground Memorial designed by Rodney Leon and are accessible to pedestrians on the eastern grounds of the Ted Weiss Federal Building (290 Broadway) off Federal Plaza/Duane Street. Marker is in this post office area: New York NY 10007, United States of America.

Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Richard Montgomery (approx. 0.3 miles away); Remains of Maj. Gen. Richard Montgomery (approx. 0.3 miles away); St. Paul’s Chapel (approx. 0.3 miles away); 100 Year-Old Sycamore (approx. 0.3 miles away); Americans of Chinese Ancestry (approx. 0.3 miles away); Lin Ze Xu (approx. 0.3 miles away); Men who died whilst imprisoned in this City (approx. 0.6 miles away); Ohio Company of Associates (approx. 0.6 miles away).

If anyone has any information regarding the battle to which my friend spoke, I’d love to hear about it. In the meantime, I might just have to ask again!

—————————————————————————————————————————-

Friends,

The richest 400 Americans — that’s right, just four-hundred people — own MORE than the bottom 150 million Americans COMBINED! 400 of the wealthiest Americans have got more stashed away than half the entire country! Their combined net worth is .6 trillion. During the eight years of the Bush Administration, their wealth has increased by nearly 0 billion — the same amount that they were demanding We give to them for the "bailout." Why don’t they just spend the money they made under Bush to bail themselves out? They’d still have nearly a trillion dollars left over to spread amongst themselves!

Of course, they are not going to do that — at least not voluntarily. George W. Bush was handed a 7 billion surplus when Bill Clinton left office. Because that money was OUR money and not HIS, he did what the rich prefer to do — spend it and never look back. Now we have a .5 trillion debt that will take seven generations from which to recover. Why — on –earth – did — our — "representatives" — give — these — robber — barons — $US850 BILLION — of – OUR — money?

Last week, proposed my own bailout plan. My suggestions, listed below, were predicated on the singular and simple belief that the rich must pull themselves up by their own platinum bootstraps. Sorry, fellows, but you drilled it into our heads one too many times: THERE…IS…NO…FREE… LUNCH ~ PERIOD! And thank you for encouraging us to hate people on welfare! So, there should have been NO HANDOUTS FROM US TO YOU! Last Friday, after voting AGAINST this BAILOUT, in an unprecedented turn of events, the House FLIP-FLOPPED their "No" Vote & said "Yes", in a rush version of a "bailout" bill vote. IN SPITE OF THE PEOPLE’S OVERWHELMING DISAPPROVAL OF THIS BAILOUT BILL… IN SPITE OF MILLIONS OF CALLS FROM THE PEOPLE CRASHING WASHINGTON "representatives’" PHONE LINES…IN SPITE OF CRASHING OUR POLITICIAN’S WEBSITES…IN SPITE OF HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE PROTESTING AROUND THE COUNTRY… THEY VOTED FOR THIS BAILOUT! The People first succeeded on Monday with the House, but failed do it with the Senate and then THE HOUSE TURNED ON US TOO!

It is clear, though, we cannot simply continue protesting without proposing exactly what it is we think THESE IDIOTS should/’ve do/one. So, after consulting with a number of people smarter than Phil Gramm, here’s the proposal, now known as "Mike’s Rescue Plan." (From Michael Moore’s Bailout Plan) It has 10 simple, straightforward points. They are that you DIDN’T, BUT SHOULD’VE:

1. APPOINTED A SPECIAL PROSECUTOR TO CRIMINALLY INDICT ANYONE ON WALL STREET WHO KNOWINGLY CONTRIBUTED TO THIS COLLAPSE. Before any new money was expended, Congress should have committed, by resolution, to CRIMINALLY PROSECUTE ANYONE who had ANYTHING to do with the attempted SACKING OF OUR ECONOMY. This means that anyone who committed insider trading, securities fraud or any action that helped bring about this collapse should have and MUST GO TO JAIL! This Congress SHOULD HAVE called for a Special Prosecutor who would vigorously go after everyone who created the mess, and anyone else who attempts to scam the public in future. (I like Elliot Spitzer ~ so, he played a little hanky-panky…Wall Street hates him & this is a GOOD thing.)

2. THE RICH SHOULD HAVE PAID FOR THEIR OWN BAILOUT! They may have to live in 5 houses instead of 7. They may have to drive 9 cars instead of 13. The chef for their mini-terriers may have to be reassigned. But there is no way in hell, after forcing family incomes to go down more than ,000 dollars during the Bush years, that working people and the middle class should have to fork over one dime to underwrite the next yacht purchase.

If they truly needed the 0 billion they say they needed, well, here is an easy way they could have raised it:

a) Every couple makeing over a million dollars a year and every single taxpayer who makes over 0,000 a year should pay a 10% surcharge tax for five years. (It’s the Senator Sanders plan. He’s like Colonel Sanders, only he’s out to fry the right chickens.) That means the rich would have still been paying less income tax than when Carter was president. That would have raise a total of 0 billion.

b) Like nearly every other democracy, they should have charged a 0.25% tax on every stock transaction. This would have raised more than 0 billion in a year.

c) Because every stockholder is a patriotic American, stockholders should have forgone receiving a dividend check for ONE quarter and instead this money would have gone the treasury to help pay for the bullsh*t bailout.

d) 25% of major U.S. corporations currently pay NO federal income tax. Federal corporate tax revenues currently amount to 1.7% of the GDP compared to 5% in the 1950s. If we raised the corporate income tax BACK to the levels of the 1950s, this would give us an extra 0 billion.

All of this combined should have been enough to end the calamity. The rich would have gotten to keep their mansions and their servants and our United States government ("COUNTRY FIRST!") would’ve have a little leftover to repair some roads, bridges and schools…

3. YOU SHOULD HAVE BAIL OUT THE PEOPLE LOSING THEIR HOMES, NOT THE PEOPLE WHO WILL BUILD AN EIGHTH HOME! There are 1.3 million homes in foreclosure right now. That is what is at the heart of this problem. So, instead of giving the money to the banks as a gift, they should have paid down each of these mortgages by 0,000. They should have forced the banks to renegotiate the mortgage so the homeowner could pay on its current value. To insure that this help wouldn’t go to speculators and those who tried to making money by flipping houses, the bailout should have only been for people’s primary residences. And, in return for the 0K pay-down on the existing mortgage, the government would have gotten to share in the holding of the mortgage so it could get some of its money back. Thus, the total initial cost of fixing the mortgage crisis at its roots (instead of with the greedy lenders) is 0 billion, not 0 BILLION.

And let’s set the record straight. People who have defaulted on their mortgages are not "bad risks." They are our fellow Americans, and all they wanted was what we all want: a home to call their own. But, during the Bush years, millions of the People lost the decent paying jobs they had. SIX MILLION fell into poverty! SEVEN MILLION lost their health insurance! And, every one of them saw their real wages go DOWN by ,000! Those who DARE look down on these Americans who got hit with one bad break after another should be ASHAMED.! We are a better, stronger, safer and happier society when all of our citizens can afford to live in a home they own.

4. THERE SHOULD HAVE BEEN A STIPULATION THAT IF YOUR BANK OR COMPANY GOT ANY OF OUR MONEY IN A "BAILOUT," THEN WE OWN YOU. Sorry, that’s how it’s done. If the bank gives me money so I can buy a house, the bank "owns" that house until I pay it all back — with interest. Same deal for Wall Street. Whatever money you need to stay afloat, if our government considers you a safe risk — and necessary for the good of the country — then you can get a loan, but WE SHOULD OWN YOU. If you default, we will sell you. This is how the Swedish government did it and it worked.

5. ALL REGULATIONS SHOULD HAVE BEEN BE RESTORED. THE REAGAN REVOLUTION IS DEAD! This catastrophe happened because we let the fox have the keys to the hen-house. In 1999, Phil Gramm authored a bill to remove all the regulations that governed Wall Street and our banking system. The bill passed and Clinton signed it. Here’s what Sen.Phil Gramm, McCain’s chief economic advisor, said at the bill signing:

"In the 1930s … it was believed that government was the answer. It was believed that stability and growth came from government overriding the functioning of free markets.

"We are here today to repeal [that] because we have learned that government is not the answer. We have learned that freedom and competition are the answers. We have learned that we promote economic growth and we promote stability by having competition and freedom.

"I am proud to be here because this is an important bill; it is a deregulatory bill. I believe that that is the wave of the future, and I am awfully proud to have been a part of making it a reality."

FOR THIS NOT TO REOCCUR, This BILL SHOULD HAVE BEEN REPEALED! Bill Clinton could have helped by leading the effort for the repeal of the Gramm bill and the reinstating of even tougher regulations regarding our financial institutions. And when they were done with that, they should have restored the regulations for the airlines, the inspection of our food, the oil industry, OSHA, and every other entity that affects our daily lives. All oversight provisions for any "bailout" should have had enforcement monies attached to them and criminal penalties for all offenders.

6. IF IT’S TOO BIG TO FAIL, THEN THAT MEANS IT’S TOO BIG TO EXIST! Allowing the creation of these mega-mergers and not enforcing the monopoly and anti-trust laws has allowed a number of financial institutions and corporations to become so large, the very thought of their collapse means an even bigger collapse across the entire economy. No ONE or TWO companies should EVER have this kind of power! The so-called "economic Pearl Harbor" can’t happen when you have hundreds — thousands — of institutions where people have their money. When we have a dozen auto companies, if one goes belly-up, we DON’T FACE A NATIONAL DISASTER! If we have three separately-owned daily newspapers in your town, then one media company can’t call all the shots (I know… What am I thinking?! Who reads a paper anymore? Sure glad all those mergers and buyouts left us with a STRONG and "FREE" press!). Laws Should have been enacted to prevent companies from being so large and dominant that with one slingshot to the eye, the GIANT FALLS and DIES. And no institution should be allowed to set up money schemes that NO ONE understands. If you can’t explain it in two sentences, you shouldn’t be taking anyone’s money!

7. NO EXECUTIVE SHOULD EVER BE PAID MORE THAN 40 TIMES THEIR AVERAGE EMPLOYEE, AND NO EXECUTIVE SHOULD RECEIVE ANY KIND OF "PARACHUTE" OTHER THAN THE VERY GENEROUS SALARY HE OR SHE MADE WHILE WORKING FOR THE COMPANY. In 1980, the average American CEO made 45 times what their employees made. By 2003, they were making 254 times what their workers made. After 8 years of Bush, they now make over 400 times what their average employee makes. How We have allowed this to happen at publicly held companies is beyond reason. In Britain, the average CEO makes 28 times what their average employee makes. In Japan, it’s only 17 times! The last I heard, the CEO of Toyota was living the high life in Tokyo. How does he do it on so little money? Seriously, this is an OUTRAGE! We have created the mess we’re in by letting the people at the top become bloated beyond belief with millions of dollars. THIS HAS TO STOP! Not only should no executive who receives help out of this mess profit from it, but any executive who was in charge of running his company into the ground should be FIRED before the company receives ANY help.

8. CONGRESS SHOULD HAVE STRENGTHENED THE FDIC AND MADE IT A MODEL FOR PROTECTING NOT ONLY PEOPLE’S SAVINGS, BUT ALSO THEIR PENSIONS AND THEIR HOMES. Obama was correct to propose expanding FDIC protection of people’s savings in their banks to 0,000. But, this same sort of government insurance must be given to our NEVER have to worry about whether or not the money they’ve put away for their old age will be there. This should have meant strict government oversight of companies who manage their employees’ funds — or perhaps it means the companies should have been forced to turn over those funds and their management to the government? People’s private retirement funds must also be protected, but perhaps it’s time to consider not having one’s retirement invested in the casino known as the stock market??? Our government should have a solemn duty to guarantee that no one who grows old in this country has to worry about becoming destitute.

9. EVERYBODY NEEDS TO TAKE A DEEP BREATH, CALM DOWN, AND NOT LET FEAR RULE THE DAY. Turn off your TVs! We are NOT in the Second Great Depression. The sky is NOT falling, Chicken Little! Pundits and politicians have lied to us so FAST and FURIOUS it’s hard not to be affected by all the fear mongering. Even I wrote to and repeated what I heard on the news last week, that the Dow had the biggest one day drop in its history. Well, that was true in terms of points, but its 7% drop came nowhere close to Black Monday in 1987 when the stock market in one day lost 23% of its value. In the ’80s, 3,000 banks closed, but America didn’t go out of business. These institutions have always had their ups and downs and eventually it works out. It has to, because the rich do not like their wealth being disrupted! They have a vested interest in calming things down and getting back into their Jacuzzis before they slip into their million thread-count sheets to drift off to a peaceful, Vodka tonic and Ambien-induced slumber.

As crazy as things are right now, tens of thousands of people got a car loan last week. Thousands went to the bank and got a mortgage to buy a home. Students just back to college found banks more than happy to put them into hock for the next 15 years with a student loan. I was even pre-approved for a USK personal loan. Yes, life has gone on with little-or-no-change (other than the whopping 6.1% unemployment rate, but that happened last month). Not a single person lost any of his/her monies in bank, or a treasury note, or in a CD. And, the perhaps the most amazing thing is that the American public FINALLY didn’t buy the scare campaign. The citizens didn’t blink, instead telling Congress to take that bailout and shove it. THAT was impressive. Why didn’t the population succumb to the fright-filled warnings from their president and his cronies? Well, you can only say ‘Saddam has the bomb’ so many times before the people realize you’re a lying sack of shit. After eight long years, the nation is worn out and simply can’t take it any longer. The WORLD is fed up & I don’t blame them.

10. THEY SHOULD HAVE CREATED A NATIONAL BANK, A "PEOPLE’S BANK." Since they’re really itching to print up a trillion dollars, instead of giving it to a few rich people, why don’t We give it to ourselves? Now that We own Freddie and Fannie, why not set up a People’s bank? One that can provide low-interest loans for all sorts of people who want to own a home, start a small business, go to school, come up with the cure for cancer or create the next great invention. And, now that we own AIG – the country’s largest insurance company – let’s take the next step and PROVIDE HEALTH INSURANCE FOR EVERYONE. MEDICARE FOR ALL! It will SAVE us SO MUCH MONEY in the LONG RUN (not to mention bring peace of mind to all). And, America won’t be 12th on the life expectancy list! We’ll be able to have a longer lifespan, enjoying our government-protected pension and will live to see the day when the corporate criminals who caused this much misery are let out of prison so that We can help re-acclimate them to plain old ordinary, civilian life — a life with ONE nice home and ONE gas-free car invented with help from the People’s Bank.

P.S. Call your Senators NOW !!! —> www.visi.com/juan/congress/

Since they voted against passing the extension of unemployment benefits and skipped out to "campaign" to us to be re-elected…call them and tell them you will vote for the other "guy" if they don’t get their act together!

—————————————————–

UPDATE: THE PEOPLE HAVE VOTED! A HISTORIC MOMENT: NOVEMBER 4th 2008!

——> THE Historic ELECTION <——

"A work in PROGRESS."

Nov. 4th, 2008.

A great American leader once said, "As individual fingers We can be easily broken. But TOGETHER We make a mighty fist." These words too were spoken by a minority leader. He was the venerable Chief Sitting Bull. No, Barack Obama’s not the first American minority to speak eloquently and he most certainly won’t be the last. Though, in the end, this election wasn’t even close !!! The world watched as, "YES WE CAN!" turned into, "YES WE DID!" as it now ushers in, "YES WE MUST!" time is NOW!

What WE do with this moment shall define US, forthright. America has now elected a man with a background of partial African – American descent as President elect. A new leader with roots from Kenya to Kansas (with a step-father from Indonesia), will be working in conjunction with a vice-Presidential of Anglo-European roots. This is something in which citizens of ALL races – both here and the world ’round – have loudly REJOICED. Why talk about race? Is race important? You bet! Because – like it or not – race has dominated and governed Our daily lives for thousands of years. After all: "To know where We’re going, We must first know where We’ve been".

We’ve come a LONG Way baby! What was once "acceptable" in 1965 is no longer in 2008 and THANKFULLY.

This is a changing of the guard. Especially since forty-percent of America’s population is considered to be a "minority". Only four generations removed, the repression of African slaves by Anglo Saxons caused hundreds of thousands of brothers to kill brothers in a viscous and bloody battle that changed the fundamental principals of this Constitutional Republic from rhetoric to reality. This too was a significant changing of the guard.

For the first time in the history of the country, the ancestors of these very same people who so passionately fought for slavery have now OVERWHELMINGLY voted for a minority leader. This too ushers in a new chapter in the history of America. This is a tremendous nod to those great American leaders before Us who risked everything so that We find ourselves at this precise moment in time. We must give thanks to these men and women who both tirelessly and unselfishly gave their lives to cross and to help shatter the racial, sexual and social boundaries imbued in the history of the United States of America.

It has now taken place. There’s a palpable renewed sense of HOPE for a better tomorrow – a HOPE that these same crippling boundaries shall finally once and for all be erased. Yet it is wise to also remember the adage, "Actions speak louder than words" and Our rhetoric must now be turned into action. The ability to truly rise above differences and to not just speak of doing so, tells much of Our long and continuous journey. If We remember the old North American Indian saying, "We do not inherit the earth from our ancestors, we borrow it from our children." We might just have a fighting chance.

The People have spoken! A record-setting 130 million Americans’ turned out to vote in Tuesday’s election, in which Barack Obama made history on a Democratic tidal wave of victory. Polling suggests voters came out in record numbers because of growing concerns over the economy, jobs, health care, energy, and the war in Iraq.

Clearly, the Obama administration and the new Democratic majority in Washington have a chance to make profound changes in Our lives – stretching ­from Wall Street to Main Street. Yes, this moment shows decency about human possibility and let’s face it, We could use just a little decency RIGHT NOW.

Perhaps more importantly, this moment speaks volumes as it’s an utter rejection of the right’s politics of fear and greed? It will now be decades before there’s another Republican majority in Congress. Never have the words, "Ask not what Your country can do for You, but what You can do for Your country," seemed more true for SO MANY. For, We-Are-Our-country. And We’re at a MAJOR crossroads. Where, oh where to begin?

OBAMA / BIDEN Campaign.

Here in New York, Working Families voters, members, affiliates, supporters and chapter leaders poured everything they had into critical campaigns that proved successful. Many are now understandably exhausted – though more than a little proud of what was accomplished. And, the results were terrific ~ if not downright Historic. For the first time since the mid-1930, the State Senate will NO LONGER be controlled by Republicans. It’s now in the hands of a Democratic Working Families majority! Just-take-one-moment-and-soak-this-in. MASSIVE Democratic majorities in BOTH the HOUSE and the SENATE!

Together, the W.F.P built a solid partnership with Senate Democrats, knocking on more than half a million doors for progressive CHANGE. And, in the end, "We the People" overwhelmingly responded. This is a MILESTONE. There’s now a renewed sense of real HOPE resonating from Washington, indeed, around the world. This is powerful. Because, without HOPE, there’s simply nothing to gain.

However, We must be careful not to fall prey to disillusionment. If illusions tear People asunder, then disillusion outright kills the human spirit. In other words, divided THEY conquer, united, WE stand. That this historic moment was ushered in during Native American Indian month is apropos. Because, We must not forget the very real foundations of this idealistic country and pay homage to the 500 plus year struggle of Our First Peoples’ for the basic rights afforded them in Our own Constitution. Obama’s victory is indeed a victory representing the multitudes. It is precisely because his success mirrors the masses, rather than a few wealthy, power-elite that this is so electrifying. A VERY palpable, "Finally!" was the expression heard ’round the world.

The world woke up WEDNESDAY with the real possibility of a very RARE OPPORTUNITY – the best in most Our lifetimes. This is a chance to truly transform America.

But, We mustn’t forget the VERY hard realities existing in this country. Just ask any woman…any "person of color"…or, any First Peoples living in this "great" land. For, as long as Native American Indians in Our country still live in policies of containment on reservations without the very basics, such as running water, electricity, or heat… as long as more than 75% of the prison population includes African-Americans, First and Taino Peoples …as long as We continue to allow Our tax dollars spent to be three times more for each of these prisoners per head than on Our own school childrens’ education…as long as American women continue to earn less than men for the SAME work…as long as We allow privately held corporations to exist without extreme MAJOR reform…as long as We continue to allow Our children to trample on foreign soil to kill and to be killed in "Our" names…as long as We sit idly by expecting or content to let others to "Do the right thing," for us… as long as We DON’T ACTIVELY PARTICIPATE TOGETHER in challenging and fighting for OUR OWN WELL-BEING for the betterment of future generations… as long as We choose to remain ignorant and in denial to Our faults…TRUE CHANGE can, and will NEVER HAPPEN.

Though, like anything rare and unique, We must first take proper time to Honor…to give thanks to those before us who, without their dedication and sacrifice, made this moment possible. We must come together. Immediate formulation and a real plan to guard and to protect this moment with fierce determination is required. New leaders are needed and will emerge so We ensure moments like this become the norm, rather than a mere token fluke. If We HOPE to transform Tuesday’s results into a real break from the shipwreck of the most immediate last thirty years – We MUST start by realizing this election represents just that – a START. It’s Round One of Our LONG and CONTINUOUS struggle.

And, Round Two will be just as tough, if not more so. Staying the course can easily be forgotten when People are dying from inadequate health care; when they’ve found themselves on the streets for lack of shelter and as they grow ever more desperate due to lack of job opportunities. Just ask people of Native or African American descent. Or, one of Our homeless veterans living on America’s streets of plenty.

Yes, the house of cards has fallen HARD and FAST. And, President / V.P. elect Barack Obama and Joe Biden have inherited many seemingly insurmountable challenges. REAL CHANGE – not rhetoric – is what’s needed. And to get it, We MUST demand it. We MUST march and be watchdogs for the sake of the coming generations. Communication with Our politicians is a MUST. MOST importantly, We MUST stand TOGETHER and be willing to fight to protect what is right and what is good for the MANY, NOT the FEW.

UNITED We STAND, DIVIDED, We FALL.

A President Obama will need to be simultaneously supported AND pushed. His training as a community organizer gives one confidence that he’ll not only understand, but should also expect this dynamic. It’s imperative for us to mind the trusty, "Follow the money" strategy. Don’t forget, President elect Obama dually made history by raising the most unprecedented amount of campaign dollars in the HISTORY of U.S. Presidential elections. According to CNN, if annualized, the Obama campaign’s ad spending on the post-primary Presidential campaign would come to US0 million. This amount is only exceeded amongst large corporations such as Verizon and AT&T – both heavy sponsors of the Republican AND the Democratic national party conventions.

At the start of October, the Democratic National Committee announced it raised US.9 million with US.5 million sitting in the bank. The party raised money through joint fund-raising events with Obama and was able to use that money to assist his candidacy. These numbers were only possible because he opted out of the public financing system for the fall campaign. John McCain chose to participate in the system, which limited him to US million for the September / October stretch prior to the election. After initially promising to accept public financing if McCain did, Obama changed his mind after setting primary fund-raising records. In fact, by the time the primaries hit, Obama was raising as much as US million each and every day. The Obama / Biden campaign raised more than US0 million in September alone – a stunning and unprecedented eruption of political giving. This extraordinary fund-raising is bound to set a new standard in politics that could doom the current taxpayer-paid system set up in the 1970’s.

HOPEfully NOT.

The party presidential nominees – Democrat Barack Obama and Republican John McCain – together spent more than US BILLION, also an unprecedented figure. According to White House for Sale, a nonpartisan group that tracks political giving, Obama had 605 bundlers, or donors who collect money from friends and associates and bundle them together. Four years ago, Democrat John F. Kerry had 588 bundlers and, in 2000, Al Gore had none. McCain had 851 bundlers working for his campaign, compared to 557 who raised money for the Bush-Cheney re-election committee in 2004. George W. Bush is largely credited with institutionalizing the role of bundlers in 2000, when he recruited a then unprecedented 555 surrogate fundraisers.

Ask Yourselves: Who really benefits most from having donated to the Obama / Biden campaign?

President – elect Barack Obama & John McCain’s U.S. Presidential campaign funds details:

OBAMA:
Total:US0,767,963
Bundlers:605
LobbyistBundlers:17

MCCAIN:
Total: US2,525,058
Bundlers: 851
Lobbyist Bundlers: 77

See the Center for Responsive Politics Presidential campaign monies for a better perspective:

2008: Obama AND McCain – US.3 BILLION

(Obama: US0,767,963 million / McCain: US2,525,058 million)

2004: Bush AND Kerry – US.2 BILLION

2000: Gore AND Bush – US.56 MILLION

1996: Dole AND Clinton – US.82 MILLION

1992: Clinton AND Bush – US.24 MILLION

* TO SEARCH FOR MEGA-DONERS, CLICK here: www.whitehouseforsale.org/searchDonor.cfm?CandidateSelect… McCain&StateSelect=&SortOrder=Last_Name, First_Name, Middle_Name, Suffix.*

Democrats in Washington and will be under enormous pressure to "play it safe", even as everyone knows We need bold action and some kind of new, New Deal. And, if We allow the "play-it-safe" crowd to dominate, then Obama (and We) will not succeed. Make NO mistake: the corporate big-wigs and free-market fundamentalists see this for exactly what it is: THE FIGHT OF A LIFETIME. They want nothing more than for the Democrats to disappoint, because then the HOPEfulness that Obama represents can be stuffed back in the bottle and cynicism can once again regain its place in Our national political culture.

WE Can’t Let This Happen!

Whether it’s revamping our health care system…implementing a new fair-based trade policy…creating a sound, realistic and well thought-out immigration plan…jobs programs…organizing rights in Washington, or campaign election reform, family leave or fair taxes, this election has set the stage for an ENTIRELY NEW social contract between the government and the People. This election opens up a real possibility – small, but real – that We could make genuine progress as a society, in terms of equality and freedom and true sustainability. In other words, the democracy We preach, but don’t teach. What comes next is up to US. And, We need to seriously ready OURSELVES.

In short, the real meaning of this election hasn’t yet been decided.

Overall, there’s a lot of work to do. It’s imperative that EVERYONE do his share – whether this means attending a neighborhood or union meeting, signing a petition, organizing or riding a bus to a demonstration, going on a lobby visit, making a financial contribution, or just talking to a stranger about the need and desirability of the common good.

Thanks for all you do!
Live your values. Love your country.
And, remember: TOGETHER, We can make a D-I-F-F-E-R-E-N-C-E !

Card Skimmer (1)
credit card fraud
Image by mark-vauxhall
Found on a NatWest Cash Machine at Waterloo Station, London, on a Saturday evening. Handed to police immediately after.

Naomi Wolf @ WALL ST. BAILOUT PROTEST.
credit card fraud
Image by eyewashdesign: A. Golden
New Yorkers Protest the US0 BILLION (US TRILLION) Wall Street BAILOUT: Wall Street, NYC – September 25, 2008

Phototgrapher: a. golden, eyewash design – c. 2008.

Out of the thousands of people attending the protest, what are the chances I’d catch Naomi Wolf in the crowd? WoW! I’ve been a fan since "The Beauty Myth" and am more than pleased she’s using her influence and exposure to do such relevant work.

At the end of summer, I attending the filming of her speaking at Pace University & have made it into her newly released film, "The End of America". Yep, but unless you know what I’m wearing and where I sit in the audience, you’d miss me if you blinked! Probably a good thing though.

FOR MORE INFORMATION on NAOMI:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naomi_Wolf
www.youtube.com/watch?v=RjALf12PAWc

—————————————————————————————————————————–

Friends,

The richest 400 Americans — that’s right, just four-hundred people — own MORE than the bottom 150 million Americans COMBINED! 400 of the wealthiest Americans have got more stashed away than half the entire country! Their combined net worth is .6 trillion. During the eight years of the Bush Administration, their wealth has increased by nearly 0 billion — the same amount that they were demanding We give to them for the "bailout." Why don’t they just spend the money they made under Bush to bail themselves out? They’d still have nearly a trillion dollars left over to spread amongst themselves!

Of course, they are not going to do that — at least not voluntarily. George W. Bush was handed a 7 billion surplus when Bill Clinton left office. Because that money was OUR money and not HIS, he did what the rich prefer to do — spend it and never look back. Now we have a .5 trillion debt that will take seven generations from which to recover. Why — on –earth – did — our — "representatives" — give — these — robber — barons — $US850 BILLION — of – OUR — money?

Last week, proposed my own bailout plan. My suggestions, listed below, were predicated on the singular and simple belief that the rich must pull themselves up by their own platinum bootstraps. Sorry, fellows, but you drilled it into our heads one too many times: THERE…IS…NO…FREE… LUNCH ~ PERIOD! And thank you for encouraging us to hate people on welfare! So, there should have been NO HANDOUTS FROM US TO YOU! Last Friday, after voting AGAINST this BAILOUT, in an unprecedented turn of events, the House FLIP-FLOPPED their "No" Vote & said "Yes", in a rush version of a "bailout" bill vote. IN SPITE OF THE PEOPLE’S OVERWHELMING DISAPPROVAL OF THIS BAILOUT BILL… IN SPITE OF MILLIONS OF CALLS FROM THE PEOPLE CRASHING WASHINGTON "representatives’" PHONE LINES…IN SPITE OF CRASHING OUR POLITICIAN’S WEBSITES…IN SPITE OF HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE PROTESTING AROUND THE COUNTRY… THEY VOTED FOR THIS BAILOUT! The People first succeeded on Monday with the House, but failed do it with the Senate and then THE HOUSE TURNED ON US TOO!

It is clear, though, we cannot simply continue protesting without proposing exactly what it is we think THESE IDIOTS should/’ve do/one. So, after consulting with a number of people smarter than Phil Gramm, here’s the proposal, now known as "Mike’s Rescue Plan." (From Michael Moore’s Bailout Plan) It has 10 simple, straightforward points. They are that you DIDN’T, BUT SHOULD’VE:

1. APPOINTED A SPECIAL PROSECUTOR TO CRIMINALLY INDICT ANYONE ON WALL STREET WHO KNOWINGLY CONTRIBUTED TO THIS COLLAPSE. Before any new money was expended, Congress should have committed, by resolution, to CRIMINALLY PROSECUTE ANYONE who had ANYTHING to do with the attempted SACKING OF OUR ECONOMY. This means that anyone who committed insider trading, securities fraud or any action that helped bring about this collapse should have and MUST GO TO JAIL! This Congress SHOULD HAVE called for a Special Prosecutor who would vigorously go after everyone who created the mess, and anyone else who attempts to scam the public in future. (I like Elliot Spitzer ~ so, he played a little hanky-panky…Wall Street hates him & this is a GOOD thing.)

2. THE RICH SHOULD HAVE PAID FOR THEIR OWN BAILOUT! They may have to live in 5 houses instead of 7. They may have to drive 9 cars instead of 13. The chef for their mini-terriers may have to be reassigned. But there is no way in hell, after forcing family incomes to go down more than ,000 dollars during the Bush years, that working people and the middle class should have to fork over one dime to underwrite the next yacht purchase.

If they truly needed the 0 billion they say they needed, well, here is an easy way they could have raised it:

a) Every couple makeing over a million dollars a year and every single taxpayer who makes over 0,000 a year should pay a 10% surcharge tax for five years. (It’s the Senator Sanders plan. He’s like Colonel Sanders, only he’s out to fry the right chickens.) That means the rich would have still been paying less income tax than when Carter was president. That would have raise a total of 0 billion.

b) Like nearly every other democracy, they should have charged a 0.25% tax on every stock transaction. This would have raised more than 0 billion in a year.

c) Because every stockholder is a patriotic American, stockholders should have forgone receiving a dividend check for ONE quarter and instead this money would have gone the treasury to help pay for the bullsh*t bailout.

d) 25% of major U.S. corporations currently pay NO federal income tax. Federal corporate tax revenues currently amount to 1.7% of the GDP compared to 5% in the 1950s. If we raised the corporate income tax BACK to the levels of the 1950s, this would give us an extra 0 billion.

All of this combined should have been enough to end the calamity. The rich would have gotten to keep their mansions and their servants and our United States government ("COUNTRY FIRST!") would’ve have a little leftover to repair some roads, bridges and schools…

3. YOU SHOULD HAVE BAIL OUT THE PEOPLE LOSING THEIR HOMES, NOT THE PEOPLE WHO WILL BUILD AN EIGHTH HOME! There are 1.3 million homes in foreclosure right now. That is what is at the heart of this problem. So, instead of giving the money to the banks as a gift, they should have paid down each of these mortgages by 0,000. They should have forced the banks to renegotiate the mortgage so the homeowner could pay on its current value. To insure that this help wouldn’t go to speculators and those who tried to making money by flipping houses, the bailout should have only been for people’s primary residences. And, in return for the 0K pay-down on the existing mortgage, the government would have gotten to share in the holding of the mortgage so it could get some of its money back. Thus, the total initial cost of fixing the mortgage crisis at its roots (instead of with the greedy lenders) is 0 billion, not 0 BILLION.

And let’s set the record straight. People who have defaulted on their mortgages are not "bad risks." They are our fellow Americans, and all they wanted was what we all want: a home to call their own. But, during the Bush years, millions of the People lost the decent paying jobs they had. SIX MILLION fell into poverty! SEVEN MILLION lost their health insurance! And, every one of them saw their real wages go DOWN by ,000! Those who DARE look down on these Americans who got hit with one bad break after another should be ASHAMED.! We are a better, stronger, safer and happier society when all of our citizens can afford to live in a home they own.

4. THERE SHOULD HAVE BEEN A STIPULATION THAT IF YOUR BANK OR COMPANY GOT ANY OF OUR MONEY IN A "BAILOUT," THEN WE OWN YOU. Sorry, that’s how it’s done. If the bank gives me money so I can buy a house, the bank "owns" that house until I pay it all back — with interest. Same deal for Wall Street. Whatever money you need to stay afloat, if our government considers you a safe risk — and necessary for the good of the country — then you can get a loan, but WE SHOULD OWN YOU. If you default, we will sell you. This is how the Swedish government did it and it worked.

5. ALL REGULATIONS SHOULD HAVE BEEN BE RESTORED. THE REAGAN REVOLUTION IS DEAD! This catastrophe happened because we let the fox have the keys to the hen-house. In 1999, Phil Gramm authored a bill to remove all the regulations that governed Wall Street and our banking system. The bill passed and Clinton signed it. Here’s what Sen.Phil Gramm, McCain’s chief economic advisor, said at the bill signing:

"In the 1930s … it was believed that government was the answer. It was believed that stability and growth came from government overriding the functioning of free markets.

"We are here today to repeal [that] because we have learned that government is not the answer. We have learned that freedom and competition are the answers. We have learned that we promote economic growth and we promote stability by having competition and freedom.

"I am proud to be here because this is an important bill; it is a deregulatory bill. I believe that that is the wave of the future, and I am awfully proud to have been a part of making it a reality."

FOR THIS NOT TO REOCCUR, This BILL SHOULD HAVE BEEN REPEALED! Bill Clinton could have helped by leading the effort for the repeal of the Gramm bill and the reinstating of even tougher regulations regarding our financial institutions. And when they were done with that, they should have restored the regulations for the airlines, the inspection of our food, the oil industry, OSHA, and every other entity that affects our daily lives. All oversight provisions for any "bailout" should have had enforcement monies attached to them and criminal penalties for all offenders.

6. IF IT’S TOO BIG TO FAIL, THEN THAT MEANS IT’S TOO BIG TO EXIST! Allowing the creation of these mega-mergers and not enforcing the monopoly and anti-trust laws has allowed a number of financial institutions and corporations to become so large, the very thought of their collapse means an even bigger collapse across the entire economy. No ONE or TWO companies should EVER have this kind of power! The so-called "economic Pearl Harbor" can’t happen when you have hundreds — thousands — of institutions where people have their money. When we have a dozen auto companies, if one goes belly-up, we DON’T FACE A NATIONAL DISASTER! If we have three separately-owned daily newspapers in your town, then one media company can’t call all the shots (I know… What am I thinking?! Who reads a paper anymore? Sure glad all those mergers and buyouts left us with a STRONG and "FREE" press!). Laws Should have been enacted to prevent companies from being so large and dominant that with one slingshot to the eye, the GIANT FALLS and DIES. And no institution should be allowed to set up money schemes that NO ONE understands. If you can’t explain it in two sentences, you shouldn’t be taking anyone’s money!

7. NO EXECUTIVE SHOULD EVER BE PAID MORE THAN 40 TIMES THEIR AVERAGE EMPLOYEE, AND NO EXECUTIVE SHOULD RECEIVE ANY KIND OF "PARACHUTE" OTHER THAN THE VERY GENEROUS SALARY HE OR SHE MADE WHILE WORKING FOR THE COMPANY. In 1980, the average American CEO made 45 times what their employees made. By 2003, they were making 254 times what their workers made. After 8 years of Bush, they now make over 400 times what their average employee makes. How We have allowed this to happen at publicly held companies is beyond reason. In Britain, the average CEO makes 28 times what their average employee makes. In Japan, it’s only 17 times! The last I heard, the CEO of Toyota was living the high life in Tokyo. How does he do it on so little money? Seriously, this is an OUTRAGE! We have created the mess we’re in by letting the people at the top become bloated beyond belief with millions of dollars. THIS HAS TO STOP! Not only should no executive who receives help out of this mess profit from it, but any executive who was in charge of running his company into the ground should be FIRED before the company receives ANY help.

8. CONGRESS SHOULD HAVE STRENGTHENED THE FDIC AND MADE IT A MODEL FOR PROTECTING NOT ONLY PEOPLE’S SAVINGS, BUT ALSO THEIR PENSIONS AND THEIR HOMES. Obama was correct to propose expanding FDIC protection of people’s savings in their banks to 0,000. But, this same sort of government insurance must be given to our NEVER have to worry about whether or not the money they’ve put away for their old age will be there. This should have meant strict government oversight of companies who manage their employees’ funds — or perhaps it means the companies should have been forced to turn over those funds and their management to the government? People’s private retirement funds must also be protected, but perhaps it’s time to consider not having one’s retirement invested in the casino known as the stock market??? Our government should have a solemn duty to guarantee that no one who grows old in this country has to worry about becoming destitute.

9. EVERYBODY NEEDS TO TAKE A DEEP BREATH, CALM DOWN, AND NOT LET FEAR RULE THE DAY. Turn off your TVs! We are NOT in the Second Great Depression. The sky is NOT falling, Chicken Little! Pundits and politicians have lied to us so FAST and FURIOUS it’s hard not to be affected by all the fear mongering. Even I wrote to and repeated what I heard on the news last week, that the Dow had the biggest one day drop in its history. Well, that was true in terms of points, but its 7% drop came nowhere close to Black Monday in 1987 when the stock market in one day lost 23% of its value. In the ’80s, 3,000 banks closed, but America didn’t go out of business. These institutions have always had their ups and downs and eventually it works out. It has to, because the rich do not like their wealth being disrupted! They have a vested interest in calming things down and getting back into their Jacuzzis before they slip into their million thread-count sheets to drift off to a peaceful, Vodka tonic and Ambien-induced slumber.

As crazy as things are right now, tens of thousands of people got a car loan last week. Thousands went to the bank and got a mortgage to buy a home. Students just back to college found banks more than happy to put them into hock for the next 15 years with a student loan. I was even pre-approved for a USK personal loan. Yes, life has gone on with little-or-no-change (other than the whopping 6.1% unemployment rate, but that happened last month). Not a single person lost any of his/her monies in bank, or a treasury note, or in a CD. And, the perhaps the most amazing thing is that the American public FINALLY didn’t buy the scare campaign. The citizens didn’t blink, instead telling Congress to take that bailout and shove it. THAT was impressive. Why didn’t the population succumb to the fright-filled warnings from their president and his cronies? Well, you can only say ‘Saddam has the bomb’ so many times before the people realize you’re a lying sack of shit. After eight long years, the nation is worn out and simply can’t take it any longer. The WORLD is fed up & I don’t blame them.

10. THEY SHOULD HAVE CREATED A NATIONAL BANK, A "PEOPLE’S BANK." Since they’re really itching to print up a trillion dollars, instead of giving it to a few rich people, why don’t We give it to ourselves? Now that We own Freddie and Fannie, why not set up a People’s bank? One that can provide low-interest loans for all sorts of people who want to own a home, start a small business, go to school, come up with the cure for cancer or create the next great invention. And, now that we own AIG – the country’s largest insurance company – let’s take the next step and PROVIDE HEALTH INSURANCE FOR EVERYONE. MEDICARE FOR ALL! It will SAVE us SO MUCH MONEY in the LONG RUN (not to mention bring peace of mind to all). And, America won’t be 12th on the life expectancy list! We’ll be able to have a longer lifespan, enjoying our government-protected pension and will live to see the day when the corporate criminals who caused this much misery are let out of prison so that We can help re-acclimate them to plain old ordinary, civilian life — a life with ONE nice home and ONE gas-free car invented with help from the People’s Bank.

P.S. Call your Senators NOW !!! —> www.visi.com/juan/congress/

Since they voted against passing the extension of unemployment benefits and skipped out to "campaign" to us to be re-elected…call them and tell them you will vote for the other "guy" if they don’t get their act together!

—————————————————–

UPDATE: THE PEOPLE HAVE VOTED! A HISTORIC MOMENT: NOVEMBER 4th 2008!

——> THE Historic ELECTION <——

"A work in PROGRESS."

Nov. 4th, 2008.

A great American leader once said, "As individual fingers We can be easily broken. But TOGETHER We make a mighty fist." These words too were spoken by a minority leader. He was the venerable Chief Sitting Bull. No, Barack Obama’s not the first American minority to speak eloquently and he most certainly won’t be the last. Though, in the end, this election wasn’t even close !!! The world watched as, "YES WE CAN!" turned into, "YES WE DID!" as it now ushers in, "YES WE MUST!" time is NOW!

What WE do with this moment shall define US, forthright. America has now elected a man with a background of partial African – American descent as President elect. A new leader with roots from Kenya to Kansas (with a step-father from Indonesia), will be working in conjunction with a vice-Presidential of Anglo-European roots. This is something in which citizens of ALL races – both here and the world ’round – have loudly REJOICED. Why talk about race? Is race important? You bet! Because – like it or not – race has dominated and governed Our daily lives for thousands of years. After all: "To know where We’re going, We must first know where We’ve been".

We’ve come a LONG Way baby! What was once "acceptable" in 1965 is no longer in 2008 and THANKFULLY.

This is a changing of the guard. Especially since forty-percent of America’s population is considered to be a "minority". Only four generations removed, the repression of African slaves by Anglo Saxons caused hundreds of thousands of brothers to kill brothers in a viscous and bloody battle that changed the fundamental principals of this Constitutional Republic from rhetoric to reality. This too was a significant changing of the guard.

For the first time in the history of the country, the ancestors of these very same people who so passionately fought for slavery have now OVERWHELMINGLY voted for a minority leader. This too ushers in a new chapter in the history of America. This is a tremendous nod to those great American leaders before Us who risked everything so that We find ourselves at this precise moment in time. We must give thanks to these men and women who both tirelessly and unselfishly gave their lives to cross and to help shatter the racial, sexual and social boundaries imbued in the history of the United States of America.

It has now taken place. There’s a palpable renewed sense of HOPE for a better tomorrow – a HOPE that these same crippling boundaries shall finally once and for all be erased. Yet it is wise to also remember the adage, "Actions speak louder than words" and Our rhetoric must now be turned into action. The ability to truly rise above differences and to not just speak of doing so, tells much of Our long and continuous journey. If We remember the old North American Indian saying, "We do not inherit the earth from our ancestors, we borrow it from our children." We might just have a fighting chance.

The People have spoken! A record-setting 130 million Americans’ turned out to vote in Tuesday’s election, in which Barack Obama made history on a Democratic tidal wave of victory. Polling suggests voters came out in record numbers because of growing concerns over the economy, jobs, health care, energy, and the war in Iraq.

Clearly, the Obama administration and the new Democratic majority in Washington have a chance to make profound changes in Our lives – stretching ­from Wall Street to Main Street. Yes, this moment shows decency about human possibility and let’s face it, We could use just a little decency RIGHT NOW.

Perhaps more importantly, this moment speaks volumes as it’s an utter rejection of the right’s politics of fear and greed? It will now be decades before there’s another Republican majority in Congress. Never have the words, "Ask not what Your country can do for You, but what You can do for Your country," seemed more true for SO MANY. For, We-Are-Our-country. And We’re at a MAJOR crossroads. Where, oh where to begin?

OBAMA / BIDEN Campaign.

Here in New York, Working Families voters, members, affiliates, supporters and chapter leaders poured everything they had into critical campaigns that proved successful. Many are now understandably exhausted – though more than a little proud of what was accomplished. And, the results were terrific ~ if not downright Historic. For the first time since the mid-1930, the State Senate will NO LONGER be controlled by Republicans. It’s now in the hands of a Democratic Working Families majority! Just-take-one-moment-and-soak-this-in. MASSIVE Democratic majorities in BOTH the HOUSE and the SENATE!

Together, the W.F.P built a solid partnership with Senate Democrats, knocking on more than half a million doors for progressive CHANGE. And, in the end, "We the People" overwhelmingly responded. This is a MILESTONE. There’s now a renewed sense of real HOPE resonating from Washington, indeed, around the world. This is powerful. Because, without HOPE, there’s simply nothing to gain.

However, We must be careful not to fall prey to disillusionment. If illusions tear People asunder, then disillusion outright kills the human spirit. In other words, divided THEY conquer, united, WE stand. That this historic moment was ushered in during Native American Indian month is apropos. Because, We must not forget the very real foundations of this idealistic country and pay homage to the 500 plus year struggle of Our First Peoples’ for the basic rights afforded them in Our own Constitution. Obama’s victory is indeed a victory representing the multitudes. It is precisely because his success mirrors the masses, rather than a few wealthy, power-elite that this is so electrifying. A VERY palpable, "Finally!" was the expression heard ’round the world.

The world woke up WEDNESDAY with the real possibility of a very RARE OPPORTUNITY – the best in most Our lifetimes. This is a chance to truly transform America.

But, We mustn’t forget the VERY hard realities existing in this country. Just ask any woman…any "person of color"…or, any First Peoples living in this "great" land. For, as long as Native American Indians in Our country still live in policies of containment on reservations without the very basics, such as running water, electricity, or heat… as long as more than 75% of the prison population includes African-Americans, First and Taino Peoples …as long as We continue to allow Our tax dollars spent to be three times more for each of these prisoners per head than on Our own school childrens’ education…as long as American women continue to earn less than men for the SAME work…as long as We allow privately held corporations to exist without extreme MAJOR reform…as long as We continue to allow Our children to trample on foreign soil to kill and to be killed in "Our" names…as long as We sit idly by expecting or content to let others to "Do the right thing," for us… as long as We DON’T ACTIVELY PARTICIPATE TOGETHER in challenging and fighting for OUR OWN WELL-BEING for the betterment of future generations… as long as We choose to remain ignorant and in denial to Our faults…TRUE CHANGE can, and will NEVER HAPPEN.

Though, like anything rare and unique, We must first take proper time to Honor…to give thanks to those before us who, without their dedication and sacrifice, made this moment possible. We must come together. Immediate formulation and a real plan to guard and to protect this moment with fierce determination is required. New leaders are needed and will emerge so We ensure moments like this become the norm, rather than a mere token fluke. If We HOPE to transform Tuesday’s results into a real break from the shipwreck of the most immediate last thirty years – We MUST start by realizing this election represents just that – a START. It’s Round One of Our LONG and CONTINUOUS struggle.

And, Round Two will be just as tough, if not more so. Staying the course can easily be forgotten when People are dying from inadequate health care; when they’ve found themselves on the streets for lack of shelter and as they grow ever more desperate due to lack of job opportunities. Just ask people of Native or African American descent. Or, one of Our homeless veterans living on America’s streets of plenty.

Yes, the house of cards has fallen HARD and FAST. And, President / V.P. elect Barack Obama and Joe Biden have inherited many seemingly insurmountable challenges. REAL CHANGE – not rhetoric – is what’s needed. And to get it, We MUST demand it. We MUST march and be watchdogs for the sake of the coming generations. Communication with Our politicians is a MUST. MOST importantly, We MUST stand TOGETHER and be willing to fight to protect what is right and what is good for the MANY, NOT the FEW.

UNITED We STAND, DIVIDED, We FALL.

A President Obama will need to be simultaneously supported AND pushed. His training as a community organizer gives one confidence that he’ll not only understand, but should also expect this dynamic. It’s imperative for us to mind the trusty, "Follow the money" strategy. Don’t forget, President elect Obama dually made history by raising the most unprecedented amount of campaign dollars in the HISTORY of U.S. Presidential elections. According to CNN, if annualized, the Obama campaign’s ad spending on the post-primary Presidential campaign would come to US0 million. This amount is only exceeded amongst large corporations such as Verizon and AT&T – both heavy sponsors of the Republican AND the Democratic national party conventions.

At the start of October, the Democratic National Committee announced it raised US.9 million with US.5 million sitting in the bank. The party raised money through joint fund-raising events with Obama and was able to use that money to assist his candidacy. These numbers were only possible because he opted out of the public financing system for the fall campaign. John McCain chose to participate in the system, which limited him to US million for the September / October stretch prior to the election. After initially promising to accept public financing if McCain did, Obama changed his mind after setting primary fund-raising records. In fact, by the time the primaries hit, Obama was raising as much as US million each and every day. The Obama / Biden campaign raised more than US0 million in September alone – a stunning and unprecedented eruption of political giving. This extraordinary fund-raising is bound to set a new standard in politics that could doom the current taxpayer-paid system set up in the 1970’s.

HOPEfully NOT.

The party presidential nominees – Democrat Barack Obama and Republican John McCain – together spent more than US BILLION, also an unprecedented figure. According to White House for Sale, a nonpartisan group that tracks political giving, Obama had 605 bundlers, or donors who collect money from friends and associates and bundle them together. Four years ago, Democrat John F. Kerry had 588 bundlers and, in 2000, Al Gore had none. McCain had 851 bundlers working for his campaign, compared to 557 who raised money for the Bush-Cheney re-election committee in 2004. George W. Bush is largely credited with institutionalizing the role of bundlers in 2000, when he recruited a then unprecedented 555 surrogate fundraisers.

Ask Yourselves: Who really benefits most from having donated to the Obama / Biden campaign?

President – elect Barack Obama & John McCain’s U.S. Presidential campaign funds details:

OBAMA:
Total:US0,767,963
Bundlers:605
LobbyistBundlers:17

MCCAIN:
Total: US2,525,058
Bundlers: 851
Lobbyist Bundlers: 77

See the Center for Responsive Politics Presidential campaign monies for a better perspective:

2008: Obama AND McCain – US.3 BILLION

(Obama: US0,767,963 million / McCain: US2,525,058 million)

2004: Bush AND Kerry – US.2 BILLION

2000: Gore AND Bush – US.56 MILLION

1996: Dole AND Clinton – US.82 MILLION

1992: Clinton AND Bush – US.24 MILLION

* TO SEARCH FOR MEGA-DONERS, CLICK here: www.whitehouseforsale.org/searchDonor.cfm?CandidateSelect… McCain&StateSelect=&SortOrder=Last_Name, First_Name, Middle_Name, Suffix.*

Democrats in Washington and will be under enormous pressure to "play it safe", even as everyone knows We need bold action and some kind of new, New Deal. And, if We allow the "play-it-safe" crowd to dominate, then Obama (and We) will not succeed. Make NO mistake: the corporate big-wigs and free-market fundamentalists see this for exactly what it is: THE FIGHT OF A LIFETIME. They want nothing more than for the Democrats to disappoint, because then the HOPEfulness that Obama represents can be stuffed back in the bottle and cynicism can once again regain its place in Our national political culture.

WE Can’t Let This Happen!

Whether it’s revamping our health care system…implementing a new fair-based trade policy…creating a sound, realistic and well thought-out immigration plan…jobs programs…organizing rights in Washington, or campaign election reform, family leave or fair taxes, this election has set the stage for an ENTIRELY NEW social contract between the government and the People. This election opens up a real possibility – small, but real – that We could make genuine progress as a society, in terms of equality and freedom and true sustainability. In other words, the democracy We preach, but don’t teach. What comes next is up to US. And, We need to seriously ready OURSELVES.

In short, the real meaning of this election hasn’t yet been decided.

Overall, there’s a lot of work to do. It’s imperative that EVERYONE do his share – whether this means attending a neighborhood or union meeting, signing a petition, organizing or riding a bus to a demonstration, going on a lobby visit, making a financial contribution, or just talking to a stranger about the need and desirability of the common good.

Thanks for all you do!
Live your values. Love your country.
And, remember: TOGETHER, We can make a D-I-F-F-E-R-E-N-C-E !

Great Credit rating Report images

Take a look at these credit rating record images:

Supermassive Black Opening Sagittarius A * (NASA, Chandra, 02/08/12)
credit report
< img alt=" credit rating record" src=" https://www.credit-report-online.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/6848492783_ca58cef99e.jpg" size=" 400"/ > Image by NASA’s Marshall Area Flight Center
This photo from NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory shows the facility of our Galaxy, with a supermassive great void called Sagittarius A * (Sgr A * for brief) in the facility. Using periodic observations over a number of years, Chandra has detected X-ray flares about daily from Sgr A *. The flares have actually additionally been seen in infrared data from ESO’s Large Telescope in Chile.

A brand-new research study offers a possible explanation for the strange flares. The idea is that there is a cloud around Sgr A * having hundreds of trillions of planets and comets, which have actually been stripped from their parent celebrities. The panel on the left is a picture containing almost a million secs of Chandra observing of the region around the great void, with red representing low-energy X-rays, eco-friendly as medium-energy X-rays, as well as blue being the highest possible.

A planet that undergoes a close experience with an additional object, such as a star or planet, can be thrown right into an orbit goinged towards Sgr A *, as seen in a collection of artist’s illustrations starting with the top-right panel. If the planet passes within regarding 100 million miles of the great void, about the distance between the Planet as well as the Sun, it would certainly be torn right into items by the tidal forces from the great void (middle-right panel).

These pieces would then be evaporated by friction as they pass through the hot, slim gas flowing onto Sgr A *, just like a meteor heating up and glowing as it fails Earth’s environment. A flare is created (bottom-right panel) and at some point the remains of the planet are ingested by the black hole.

Another planetary system example for this kind of occasion has recently been reported. About when every three days a comet is destroyed when it flies right into the warm ambience of the Sun. So, regardless of the significant differences in the 2 environments, the destruction price of comets as well as asteroids by the Sunlight and Sgr A * may be similar.

Very long monitorings of Sgr A * will certainly be made with Chandra later on in 2012 that will offer important new details concerning the regularity and also brightness of flares and need to assist to test the version recommended right here to discuss them. This job has the possible to understand the capability of asteroids and also worlds to form in the rough setting of Sgr A *.

Credit scores: X-ray: NASA/CXC/MIT/ F. Baganoff et al.; Images: NASA/CXC/M. Weiss.

Review entire caption/view extra photos: < a href=" http://www.chandra.harvard.edu/photo/2012/sgra/index.html" rel=" nofollow" > www.chandra.harvard.edu/photo/2012/sgra/index.html Inscription credit: Harvard-Smithsonian Facility for Astrophysics. Learn more about Chandra:.

< a href=" http://www.nasa.gov/chandra" rel=" nofollow" > www.nasa.gov/chandra

p.s. You could see all our Chandra pictures in the Chandra Team in Flickr at: < a href=" http://www.flickr.com/groups/chandranasa/" > www.flickr.com/groups/chandranasa/ We ‘d like to have you as a member! _____________________________________________. These main NASA photographs are being
provided for magazine by news companies and/or for personal use printing by the subject( s) of the pictures. The photographs may not be used in materials, advertisements, items, or promotions that at all suggest approval or recommendation by NASA. All Pictures made use of need to be attributed. For info on use legal rights please see:< a href=" http://www.nasa.gov/audience/formedia/features/MP_Photo_Guidelines.html" rel=" nofollow" > www.nasa.gov/audience/formedia/features/MP_Photo_Guidelin … Mandeville Canyon Fire Scorches 55 Acres< img alt=" credit report" src="

https://farm5.staticflickr.com/4221/34578904320_10a2e249c2.jpg” width=” 400″/ > Photo by< a href=" http://www.flickr.com/photos/90807129@N00/34578904320"
> LAFD At 12:46 PM on Sunday Could 28, 2017 the L.a Fire Department battled a growing brush fire in the Mandeville Canyon. This Significant Emergency situation action( over 158 LAFD firemans plus aiding companies) came to a head at over 55 acres. The fire was avoided from harming any kind of frameworks and no injuries were reported. The reason was established to be accidental. LAFD Incident 052817-0686. Image Usage Permitted via Creative Commons- Credit: LAFD Photo|Eric French. Connect with us: LAFD.ORG|Information| Facebook |< a href=" http://instagram.com/losangelesfiredepartment" rel=" nofollow" > Instagram |< a href=" http://www.reddit.com/r/LAFD/new/ ” rel=” nofollow “> Reddit|Twitter: @LAFD< a href=" https://twitter.com/LAFDtalk" rel =" nofollow" > @LAFDtalk 3 Thanks for Kokanee< img alt=” credit history report

” src= “https://farm9.staticflickr.com/8488/8199861243_9af326f26c.jpg” width=” 400″/ > Image by< a href=" http://www.flickr.com/photos/52133016@N08/8199861243" > USFWS Pacific Image Credit report: Roger Tabor, USFWS. Ebright Creek is the website of a remediation

job focused on enhancing stream and also spawning habitat availible to the Lake Sammamish Kokanee. Have a look at the Komo 4 information record on this sucess. bit.ly/ TKuGhM To see these kokanee when they began out as fry, click here
: http://bit.ly/RuOj12 For a video on the Kokanee rearing project, have a look at: bit.ly/ PprFHs To discover exactly how you can” maintain the salmon returning”, go to the Pals of Issaquah Salmon Breeding ground:< a href=" http://www.issaquahfish.org "rel= "nofollow" > www.issaquahfish.org Read the original article at 1. usa.gov/ XxRBp8 as well as discover a variety of factors affecting wild and breeding ground
fish as well as various other aquatic resources at:< a href=" http://the-fish-files.blogspot.com/ "rel=" nofollow" > the-fish-files. blogspot.com/

How do I know if my credit reports have errors?

< iframe width=" 425" height=" 355" src=" https://www.youtube.com/embed/R_hfUmlDwrQ?rel=0" frameborder=" 0" allowfullscreen >

http://www.alabamaconsumer.com/2016/12/know-errors-credit-reports/. Print your credit history reports off.

Go line by line (essentially), and ask yourself, “Is this exact?”.

If everything on there is accurate, whether excellent or poor, after that there’s nothing else to be done.

Nonetheless, if there’s a mistake on your records, after that you require to properly challenge with the credit report coverage firms.

If they reject to fix your reports, then you ought to consider suing them under the FCRA for incorrect credit report coverage.

Hope this is handy to you!

If you have any concerns, give us a call at 1-205-879-2447.

Thanks for seeing!

John G. Watts.
Watts & Herring, LLC.
Serving customers throughout Alabama.
205-879-2447.
http://www.alabamaconsumer.com/.

” No representation is made that the top quality of the legal solutions to be performed is above the quality of legal services done by various other attorneys.”.

< iframe size="425" height="355" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/M3ekHU2yuco?rel=0" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen > To Sight the Following Video in this Series Please Go here: http://www.monkeysee.com/play/15191-improving-your-credit-score.
Video Ranking:/ 5

Latest Personal Finance News

Lot of money Brainstorm Technology 2017
personal finance
< img alt=" individual finance" src =" https://www.credit-report-online.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/35187903384_b65c91c1a3.jpg" size =" 400"/ > Photo by< a href =" http://www.flickr.com/photos/125193258@N05/35187903384" > Ton of money Conferences 053 WEDNESDAY, JULY 19, 2017 Lot of money
Brainstorm Tech 2017 Aspen, Carbon Monoxide, U.S.A 9:50 AM WHY SOFI MATTERS A fast and also furious conversation with the owner of the online personal money business. Mike Cagney, Chief Executive Officer, SoFi Picture by Jordan Curet/Fortune Brainstorm Tech

Nice Residence Equity photos

Check out these home equity images:

St. Catharines Masonic Hall 23 Centre Street Ontario Canada (25)
home equity
Image by antefixus21
A multitude of Jacob’s Ladders.

An important symbol of the Entered Apprentice Degree. A ladder of several staves or rounds of which three are illustrated tot he candidate as Faith, Hope and Chairty; the three theological virtues.

– Source: Masonicdictionary.com

Articles On Jacob’s Ladder:

Mackey’s Encyclopedia Article
1897 Canadian Craftsman Article
1935 MSA Short Talk Bulletin
JACOB’S LADDER

The introduction of Jacob’s ladder into the symbolism of Speculative Freemasonry is to be traced to the vision of Jacob, which is thus substantially recorded in the twenty-eighth chapter of the Book of Genesis: When Jacob, by the command of his father Isaac, was journeying toward Padanaram, while sleeping one night with the bare earth for his couch and a stone for his pillow, he beheld the vision of a ladder, whose foot rested on the earth and whose top reached to heaven. Angels were continually ascending and descending upon it, and promised him the blessing of a numerous and happy posterity. When Jacob awoke, he was filled with pious gratitude, and consecrated the spot as the house of God.

This ladder, so remarkable in the history of the Jewish people, finds its analogue in all the ancient initiations. Whether this is to be attributed simply to a coincidence-a theory which but few scholars would be willing to accept-or to the fact that these analogues were all derived from a common fountain of symbolism, or whether, as such by Brother Oliver, the origin of the symbol was lost among the practices of the Pagan rites, while the symbol itself was retained, it is, perhaps, impossible authoritatively to determine. It is, however, certain that the ladder as a symbol of moral and intellectual progress existed almost universally in antiquity, presenting itself either as a succession of steps, of gates, of Degrees, or in some other modified form. The number of the steps varied; although the favorite one appears to have been seven, in reference, apparently, to the mystical character almost everywhere given to that number.

Thus, in the Persian Mysteries of Mithras, there was a ladder of seven rounds, the passage through them being symbolical of the soul’s approach to perfection. These rounds were called gates, and, in allusion to them, the candidate was made to pass through seven dark and winding caverns, which process was called the ascent of the ladder of perfection Each of these caverns was the representative of a world, or w state of existence through which the soul was supposed to pass in its progress from the first world to the last, or the world of truth. Each round of the ladder was said to be of metal of measuring purity, and was dignified also with the name of its protecting planet. Some idea of the construction of this symbolic ladder may be obtained from the accompanying table.

7. Gold ………….. Sun …………… Truth
6. Silver …………. Moon ……….. Mansion of the Blessed
5. Iron …………… Mars ………….. World of Births
4. Tin ……………. Jupiter ……….. Middle World
3. Copper …….. Venus ……….. Heaven
2. Quicksilver .. Mercury ……. World of Pre-existence
1. Lead …………… Saturn ………. First World

– Source: Mackey’s Encyclopedia of Freemasonry

Jacob’s Ladder: Author Unknown

When this symbol, which is taken from Jacob’s Vision (Genesis xxviii), was introduced into English Speculative Freemasonry is not exactly known. But we find allusions to it a little after the middle of the last [18th] century. It apparently was not originally a symbol of Speculative Masonry, but was probably introduced from Hermetic Masonry, about 1776. But we fancy that it came from Hermeticism, of which it was a favorite symbol. Certain it is that we do not find it in any of our far oldest known rituals if indeed they can be depended upon. Gadicke says of it, "Either resting upon the floor cloth or on the Bible, the compasses, and the square, it should lead the thoughts of the brethren to heaven. If we find that it has many staves or rounds, they represent as many moral and religious duties. If it has only three, they should represent Faith, Hope and Charity. Draw Faith, Hope, and Charity from the Bible with these three encircle the whole earth, and order all thy actions by the square of truth, so shall the heavens be opened upon thee."

Curiously enough, in Germany, the `Handbuch’ tells us this symbolism is not used, nor on the continent generally. It has been pointed out by Oliver, by the `Handbuch,’ and by others, that this is a mystical ladder to be found in the teaching of most other occult systems. Thus in the Mithraic mysteries the seven-runged ladder is said to have been a symbol of the ascent of the soul to perfection. Each of the rungs was termed a gate, and the `Handbuch’ declares that the aspirants had to pass through a dark and winding cavern. The last, or Adytum, was full of light, and also assures us that in the old Hebraic Cabala the number of steps (for they had a cabalistic ladder also), was unlimited, until the Essenes reduce the number to seven. The latter Cabalists are said to have made ten Sephriroth – the Kingdom, the Foundation, Splendor, Firmness, Beauty, Justice, Mercy, Intelligence, Wisdom, and the Crown, by which we arrive at the Infinite, as Mackey and others put it.

It is alleged that in the mysteries of Brahma and in the Egyptian mysteries this ladder is also to be found. But this fact seems a little doubtful especially as the Egyptian mysteries little is known. The ladder is, however, to be seen among the hieroglyphics. In the Brahmic mysteries there is, we are told a ladder of seven steps, emblematic of seven worlds. The first and lowest was the Earth; the second, the World of Pre-Existence; the third, Heaven; the fourth, the Middle World, or intermediate region; the fifth, the World of Births; the sixth, the Mansions of the Blest; and the seventh, the Sphere of Truth. Some little difference of opinion exists as to the representation of the Brahmic teaching. It has been stated that in Hermetic or higher Masonry, so-called, the seven steps represent Justice, Equality, Kindness, Good Faith, Labor, Patience and intelligence. They are also represented as Justice, Charity, Innocence, Sweetness, Faith, Firmness and Truth, the Greater Work, Responsibility. But this is quite a modern arrangement in all probability. In Freemasonry it has been said that the ladder with its seven rungs or steps represents the four cardinal and three theological virtues which in symbolism seems to answer to the seven grades of Hermetic symbolism. It must be remembered that we have no actual old operative ritual before us, and on the other hand we must not lay too much store by the negative evidence of later rituals – that is, because we do not find until then actual mention of certain words and symbolisms therefore conclude they did not exist earlier. On the whole, Jacob’s ladder in Freemasonry seems to point to the connection between Faith and Heaven, man and God, and to represent Faith, Hope and Charity; or, as it is declared, Faith in God, Charity to all men, and Hope in Immortality.

– Source: The Craftsman – December 1897

THREE PRINCIPAL ROUNDS:

“And Jacob went out from Beersheba, and went toward Haran. And he lighted upon a certain place, and tarried there all night, because the sun was set; and took of the stones of that place, and put them for his pillows, and lay down in that place to sleep. And he dreamed, and beheld a ladder set upon the earth, and the top of it reached to heaven; and beheld the angels of God ascending and descending on it. And, behold, the Lord stood above it, and said, I am the Lord God of Abraham thy father, and the God of Isaac.” These words (Genesis XXVIII, 10-13 inclusive)v are the foundation of that beautiful symbol of the Entered Apprentice’s Degree in which the initiate first hears”. . . the greatest of these is charity, for our faith may be lost in sight, hope ends in fruition, but charity extends beyond the grave, through the boundless realms of eternity.” At least two prophets besides the describer of Jacob’s vision have spoken aptly reinforcing words Job said (XXXIII, 14-16):

“For God speaketh once, yea twice, yet man perceiveth it not. In a dream, in a vision of the night, when deep sleep falleth upon men, in slumberings upon the bed: Then he openeth the ears of men, and sealeth their instructions.”

And St. John (I,51):

“And he said unto him, Verily, verily I say unto you, Hereafter ye shall see heaven open, and the angels of God ascending and descending upon the Son of Man.”

Since the dawn of thought the ladder has been a symbol of progress, of ascent, of reaching upward, in many mysteries, faiths and religions. Sometimes the ladder becomes steps, sometimes a stairway, sometimes a succession of gates or, more modernly, of degrees; but he idea of ascent from darkness to light, from ignorance to knowledge and from materially to spiritually is the same whatever the form of the symbol.

In the Persian Mysteries of Mithras, the candidate ascended a ladder of seven rounds, and also passed through seven caverns, symbolized by seven metals, and by the sun, moon and five planets. The early religion of Brahma had also a seven stepped ladder. In the Scandinavian Mysteries the initiate climbed a tree; the Cabalists made progress upward by ten steps. In the Scottish Rite the initiate encounters the Ladder of Kadosh, also of seven steps, and most of the early tracing boards of the Craft Degrees show a ladder of seven rounds, representing the four cardinal and three theological virtues. At one time, apparently, the Masonic ladder had but three steps. The Prestonian lecture, which Mackey thought was an elaboration of Dunkerly’s system, rests the end of the ladder on the Holy Bible; it reads:

“By the doctrines contained in the Holy Bible, we are taught to believe in the Divine dispensation of Providence, which belief strengthens our “Faith,” and enables us to ascend the first step. That Faith naturally creates in a “Hope” of becoming partakers of some of the blessed promises therein recorded, which “Hope” enables us to ascend the second step. But the third and last being “Charity” comprehends the whole, and he who is possessed of this virtue in its ample sense, is said to have arrived at the summit of his profession, or more metaphorically, into an etherial mansion veiled from mortal eye by the starry firmament.”

The theological ladder is not very old in Masonic symbolism, as far as evidence shows. Some historians have credited it to Matin Clare, in 1732, but on very slender evidence. It seems to appear first is a tracing board approximately dated 1776, and has there but three rounds. As the tracing board is small, the contraction from seven to three may have been a matter of convenience. If it is true that Dunkerly introduced Jacob’s ladder into the degrees, he my have reduced the steps from seven to three merely to emphasize the number three, so important Masonically; possibly it was to achieve a certain measure of simplicity. Preston, however, restored the idea of seven steps, emphasizing the theological virtues by denominating them “principal rounds.

The similarity of Jacob’s Ladder of seven steps to the Winding Stairs, with three, five and seven steps has caused many to believe each but a different form of the same symbol; Haywood says (“The Builder, Vol.5, No.11):

“Other scholars have opined that the steps were originally the same as the Theological Ladder, and had the same historical origin. Inasmuch as this Theo-logical Ladder symbolized progress, just as does the Winding Stair, some argue that the latter symbol must have come from the same sources as the former. This interpretation of the matter my be plausible enough, and it may help towards an interpretation of both symbols, but it suffers from an almost utter lack of tangible evidence.”

Three steps or seven, symbol similar to the Winding Stairs or different in meaning and implications, the theological virtues are intimately interwoven in the Masonic system. Our many rituals alter the phraseology here and there, but the sense is the same and the concepts identical.

According to the dictionary (Standard) Faith is “a firm conviction of the truth of what is declared by another . . .without other evidence: The assent of the mind or understanding to the truth of what God has revealed.”

The whole concept of civilization rests upon that form of faith covered in the first definition. Without faith in promises, credit and the written word society as we know it could not exist. Nor could Freemasonry have been born, much less lived through many centuries without secular, as distinguished from religious, faith; faith in the integrity of those who declared that Freemasonry had value to give to those who sought; faith in its genuineness and reality; faith in its principles and practices.

Yet our ritual declares that the third, not the first, round of the ladder is “the greatest of these” because “faith may be lost in sight.” Faith is not needed where evidence is presented, and in the far day when the human soul may see for itself the truths we now except without demonstrations, faith may disappear without any con- sciousness of loss. But on earth faith in the divine revelation is of the utmost importance to all, especially from the Masonic standpoint. No atheist can be made a Mason. Any man who misstates his belief in Deity in order to become a Mason will have a very unhappy experience in taking the degrees. Young wrote:

“Faith builds a bridge across the gulf of death To break the shock blind nature cannot shun And lands though smoothly on the further shore.”

The candidate that has no “bridge across the gulf” will find in the degrees only words which mean nothing. To the soul on its journey after death, the third round may indeed be of more import than the first; to Masons in their doctrine and their Lodges, the first round is a foundation; lacking it no brother may climb the heights. Hope is intimately tied to faith: “Faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen.”

The dictionary declares hope to be “desire with expectations of obtaining: to trust confidently that good will come.” But the dictionary definition fails to express the mental and spiritual importance of hope. Philosophers and poets have done much better. “Where there is no hope, there can be no endeavor,” says Samuel Johnson, phrasing a truism everyone feels though few express. All ambitions, all human actions, all labors are founded on hope. It may be crystallized into a firm faith, but in a world in which nothing is certain, the future inevitably is hidden. We live, love, labor, pray, marry and become Masons. bury our dead with hope in breasts of something beyond. Pope wrote:

“Hope spring eternal in the human breast; Many never is, but always to be, blest,” blending a cynicism with the truth.

Shakespeare came closer to everyday humanity when he said: “True hope is swift, and flies with swallow’s wings; Kings it makes gods, and meaner creatures, kings.”

Dante could find no more cruel words to write above the entrance to hell than:

“Abandon all hope, all ye who enter here.”

Nor can we be argued out of hope; doctors say of a loved one, “she must die,” but we hope; atheists attempt to prove there is no God – we hope. Facts demonstrate that our dearest ambition can never be realized – yet we hope. To quote Young again, we are all:

“Confiding, though confounded; hope coming on, Untaught by trial, unconvinced by proof, And ever looking for the never seen.” And yet, vital though hope is to man, to Masons, and thrice vital to faith. our ritual says that charity is greater than either faith or hope.

To those whom charity means only handing a quarter to a beggar, paying a subscription to the community chest, or sending old clothes to the Salvation army, the declaration that charity is greater than faith or hope is difficult to accept. Only when the word “charity” is read to mean “love,” as many scholars say it should be translated in Paul’s magnificent passage in Corinthians, does our ritual become logically intelligible. Charity of alms can hardly “extend through the boundless realms of eternity.” To give money to the poor is a beautiful act, but hardly as important, either to the giver or the recipient, as faith or hope. But to give love, unstinted, without hope of or faith in reward – that, indeed, may well extend to the very foot of the Great White Throne.

It is worth while to read St. Paul with this meaning of the word in mind; here is the quotation from the King James version, but with the word “love” substituted for the word “charity:”

“Though I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, and have not love, I am become as sounding brass, or a tinkling cymbal. And though I have the gift of prophecy, and understand all mysteries, and all knowledge; and though I have all faith, so that I could remove mountains, and have not love, I am nothing. And though I bestow all my goods to feed the poor, and though I give my body to be burned, and have not love, it profiteth me nothing. Love suffereth long, and is kind; Love enveith not; love vaunteth not itself, is not puffed up. Doth not behave itself unseemly, seeketh not her own, is not easily provoked, thinketh no evil; Rejoiceth not in iniquity, but rejoiceth in the truth.”

Beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things. Love never faileth; but whether there be prophecies, they shall fail; whether there be tongues, they shall cease; whether there be knowledge, it shall vanish away. For we know in part, and we prophesy in part. But when that which is perfect is come, then that which is in part shall be done away.”

“When I was a child, I spake as a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child; but when I became a man, I put away childish things. For now we see through a glass, darkly; but then face to face; now I know in part; but then shall I know even as also I am known. And now abideth faith, hope, love; these three; but the greatest of these is love.”

It is of such charity that a Mason’s faith is made. He is, indeed, taught the beauty of giving that which is material; the Rite of Destitution shows forth the tender lesson in the first degree; Masonic Homes, Schools, Foundation, Orphanages and Hospitals are the living exponents of the charity which means to give from a plenty to those who have but a paucity.

The first of the principal tenets of our profession and the third round of Jacob’s Ladder are really one; brotherly love is “the greatest of these” and only when a Mason takes to his heart the reading of charity to be more than alms, does he see the glory of that moral structure the door to which Freemasonry so gently, but so widely, opens.

Charity of thought for an erring brother; charity which lays a brotherly hand on a troubled shoulder in comfort; charity which exults with the happy and finds joy in his success; charity which sorrows with the grieving and drops a tear in sympathy; charity which opens the heart as well as the pocket book; charity which stretches forth a hand of hope to the hopeless, which aids the helpless, which brings new faith to the crushed . . .aye, these, indeed, may “extend through the boundless realms of eternity.”

Man is never so close to the divine as when he loves; it is because of that fact that charity, (meaning love,) rather than faith or hope, is truly, “the greatest of these.”

– Source: Short Talk Bulletin – Apr. 1935
Masonic Service Association of North America
Museum of Freemasonry – Masonic Library

Jacob’s Ladder:

Jacob’s Ladder is the only reference from the volume of the Sacred Law which is mentioned twice in the Craft Ritual; it must therefore, be considered to be of great importance. In our Masonic ritual, the first mention of Jacob’s ladder describes how Masons are enabled to ascend to the summit of masonry, i.e. Charity. This ascent is made possible from it’s beginning in the doctrines of the Holy Book followed by ascending the steps of Faith and Hope which in turn lead to the summit – CHARITY.
The second mention of Jacob’s Ladder in the ritual is in the explanation of the first Tracing Board which refers to the Volume of the Sacred Law supporting Jacob’s Ladder, but this time it brings us directly to God in Heaven, provided that we are conversant with the Holy Book and are adherent to it’s doctrines.

The Introduction of Jacob’s Ladder into speculative Masonry is to be traced to the vision of Jacob, which is recorded in the book of Genesis. “When Jacob, while sleeping one night , with the bare earth for his couch and a stone for his pillow, beheld the vision of a ladder, whose foot rested on the earth and whose top reached to heaven. Angels were continually ascending and descending upon it, and promised him the blessing of a numerous and happy prosperity. When Jacob awoke, he was filled with pious gratitude, and consecrated the spot as the house of God.”

This ladder, so remarkable in the history of the Jewish people, is to be found in all the ancient initiations. Whether by coincidence, or that they were all derived from a common fountain of symbolism is unknown. However, it is certain that the ladder as a symbol of moral and intellectual progress existed almost universally in antiquity, as a succession of steps, of gates, of degrees or in some other modified form. The number of steps varied; but most commonly was seven in allusion to the mystical importance given to that number. Thus in the Persian mysteries of Mithras, there was a ladder of seven rounds, the passage through them being symbolical of the soul’s approach to perfection. These rounds were called Gates, and, in allusion to them, the candidate was made to pass through seven dark and winding caverns, which process was called the ‘Ascent of the Ladder of Perfection’.

Each round of the ladder was said to be of metal and of increasing purity, and was dignified also with the name of it’s protecting planet. The highest being Gold . &. . . The Sun, next Silver and the Moon . . . through to Lead and Saturn. In the mysteries of Brahma we find the same reference to a ladder of seven steps, with similar names. In Scandinavian mysteries the tree Yggrasil was the representative of the mystical ladder. The ascent of the tree, like the ascent of the ladder, was a change from a lower to a higher sphere – from time to eternity, and from death to life.

In Masonry we find the ladder of Kadosh, which consists of seven steps, commencing from the bottom : Justice – Equity – Kindness – Good Faith – Labour – Patience and Intelligence. The idea of Intellectual progress to perfection is carried out by making the top round represent Wisdom or Understanding.

The ladder in Craft Masonry ought also to consist of seven steps, ascending as follows : Temperance – Fortitude – Prudence – Justice – Faith – Hope – and Charity. But the earliest examples of the ladder present it only with three, referring to the three theological virtues, whence it is sometimes called the Theological Ladder. It seems, therefore, to have been determined by general usage to have only three steps. In the 16th. century it was stated that Jacob’s ladder was a symbol of the progressive scale of intellectual communication between earth and heaven; and upon this ladder, as it were, step by step, man is permitted – with the angels – to ascend and to descend until the mind finds blissful and complete repose in the bosom of divinity.

Jewish writers differ very much in their exposition of the ladder. Abben Ezra thought that it was a symbol of the human mind, and that the Angels represented the sublime meditations of man. Maimonides supposed the ladder to symbolise Nature in it’s operations, giving it four steps, to represent the four elements – the two heavier earth and water – and the two lighter – fire and air. And Raphael interprets the ladder, and the ascent and descent of the Angels, as the prayers of man and the answering inspiration of God. Nicolai says that the ladder with three steps was, among the Rosicrucian Freemasons in the seventeenth century, a symbol of the knowledge of nature. Finally Krause says that Brother Keher of Edinburgh, whom he described as a truthful Mason, had in 1802 assured the members of a Lodge in Altenberg that originally only one Scottish degree existed, whose object was the restoration of James III (1460 ) to the throne of England and that Jacob’s ladder had been adopted by them as a symbol. An authentic narrative is purported to be contained in the archives of the Grand Lodge of Scotland.

In the Ancient Craft degrees Jacob’s ladder was not an original symbol. The first appearance of a ladder is in a Tracing Board, on which is inscribed the date 1776, which agrees with the date of Dunkerley’s revised lectures. In this Tracing Board the ladder has only three rounds, a change from the seven-stepped ladder of the old mysteries, and was later described as having many rounds, but three principal ones.

The modern Masonic ladder, is, as I have already said, a symbol of progress, as it was in the ancient initiations. It’s three principal rounds, representing Faith, Hope and Charity, present us with the means of advancing from earth to heaven, from death to life, from the mortal to immortality. Hence it’s foot is placed on the floor of the Lodge, which is typical of the world, and it’s top rests on the covering of the Lodge, which is symbolic of heaven. Which explains the statement given in the lecture on the Tracing Board of the First Degree in Craft Masonry, that the ladder rests on the Holy Bible and reaches to the heavens.

The Stone:

Before I close I would like to take you back to those words from the Book of Genesis, namely, “. . . .with the bare earth for his couch and a stone for a pillow. . . . “

Almost 4,000 years ago fate brought Jacob’s caravan to a place called Bethel near Jerusalem, then as even now it was the custom for a traveller to bolster his pillow and bedding with stones for a more comfortable position.

With his head resting on a particular stone, Jacob is said to have had his famous dream, which we have heard earlier.

Jacob prospered in wealth and knowledge and was directed by God to return to Bethel. On his return, the Lord again appeared to him saying “I am the God of Bethel”, thus the Lord associated himself not only with the place of the vision but with the Bethel Stone. Jacob took the Stone with him and, from that time on it was always set up as a pillar marking the altar to the God of Israel.

The Bethel Stone, finally, was returned to Jerusalem where it served as the Coronation Stone for the Jewish Kings, ending with the infamous Zedekiah in 581 B.C. According to Irish historians, a few years later (578 B.C. ) a small but distinguished group of strangers, who had fled from Palestine, arrived in Ulster. They had brought with them the Bethel Stone, or Stone of Destiny, together with a Royal harp and an Ark. It is significant to note that a Harp has been the royal arms of Ireland for the last 2,500 years.

The Stone remained in Ireland for over 1,000 years where every king of Ireland was crowned upon it. Till Fearghus Mor ( The Great )took it to the Scottish island of Iona. Here 48 kings of Scotland were crowned upon it until the ninth century, when it was transferred to the town of Scone near Perth for safe keeping by Coinneach Cruadalach (the Hardy) who became King of Scotland. There it remained for 400 years as that nations coronation stone.

In the reign of England’s Edward I it was removed from Scotland (1292 ), either by force or by mutual agreement (the Authorities disagree), and there it remained located under the Coronation Chair in the Westminster Abbey until 1996, when it was returned to Scotland by a special Act of Parliament..

Early Rose Croix. www.flickr.com/photos/colmaralchimique/33540362490/in/pho…

It would appear from reliable documentation that was still in existence, in Austria, prior to the Second World War, that a form of Rose Croix Masonry was first known in 1747, which had formerly been known as “Knights of the Pelican”. There are a number of references, under a variety of different titles, which all purport to relate to Rose Croix Masonry. These variously date back as far as the Knights Templars of Palestine in 1188 A.D. However, the earliest reference to Rose Croix without any additional appendage, and which seems most likely to be to be in accord with the Order as we know it today, first appeared in 1747.

In the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite, from which the Rose Croix Masons of America first received the degree, it was placed 18th. on the list – thus the degree became known ( by common usage ) as the Eighteenth Degree. The degree was conferred inin a body known as a chapter, which derived it’s authority directly from a Supreme Council of the Thirty Third degree, and which conferred with it only one other and inferior degree, that of “Knight of the East and West”. A chapters principal officers being a Most Wise Sovereign and two Wardens. Interestingly, the order had two ‘Obligatory’ days of meeting, Maundy Thursday and Easter Sunday. Maundy Thursday or Holy Thursday is the Thursday before Easter, observed by Christians in commemoration of Christ’s Last Supper. The name ‘Maundy is derived from MANDATUM ( Latin: “commandment” ).

The Jewel of the Rose Croix is a Golden Compasses, extended on an arc to the sixteenth part of a circle – or twenty two and a half degrees. The head of the compasses is surmounted by a triple crown, consisting of three series of points arranged by three, five and seven. Between the legs of the compasses is a cross resting on the arc; it’s centre is occupied by a full blown rose, whose stem entwines around the lower limb of the cross; at the foot of the cross, on the same side, on which the rose is exhibited, is the figure of a Pelican wounding it’s breast to feed it’s young, which are in the nest surrounding it.

An interesting article:

www.freemasons-freemasonry.com/masonic_ladder.htm

Muskoka Lodge No. 360 Bracebridge, ON
home equity
Image by antefixus21
A Masonic Jacob’s Ladder.

An important symbol of the Entered Apprentice Degree. A ladder of several staves or rounds of which three are illustrated tot he candidate as Faith, Hope and Chairty; the three theological virtues.

Source: Masonicdictionary.com

Articles On Jacob’s Ladder:

Mackey’s Encyclopedia Article
1897 Canadian Craftsman Article
1935 MSA Short Talk Bulletin

JACOB’S LADDER:

The introduction of Jacob’s ladder into the symbolism of Speculative Freemasonry is to be traced to the vision of Jacob, which is thus substantially recorded in the twenty-eighth chapter of the Book of Genesis: When Jacob, by the command of his father Isaac, was journeying toward Padanaram, while sleeping one night with the bare earth for his couch and a stone for his pillow, he beheld the vision of a ladder, whose foot rested on the earth and whose top reached to heaven. Angels were continually ascending and descending upon it, and promised him the blessing of a numerous and happy posterity. When Jacob awoke, he was filled with pious gratitude, and consecrated the spot as the house of God.

This ladder, so remarkable in the history of the Jewish people, finds its analogue in all the ancient initiations. Whether this is to be attributed simply to a coincidence-a theory which but few scholars would be willing to accept-or to the fact that these analogues were all derived from a common fountain of symbolism, or whether, as such by Brother Oliver, the origin of the symbol was lost among the practices of the Pagan rites, while the symbol itself was retained, it is, perhaps, impossible authoritatively to determine. It is, however, certain that the ladder as a symbol of moral and intellectual progress existed almost universally in antiquity, presenting itself either as a succession of steps, of gates, of Degrees, or in some other modified form. The number of the steps varied; although the favorite one appears to have been seven, in reference, apparently, to the mystical character almost everywhere given to that number.

Thus, in the Persian Mysteries of Mithras, there was a ladder of seven rounds, the passage through them being symbolical of the soul’s approach to perfection. These rounds were called gates, and, in allusion to them, the candidate was made to pass through seven dark and winding caverns, which process was called the ascent of the ladder of perfection Each of these caverns was the representative of a world, or w state of existence through which the soul was supposed to pass in its progress from the first world to the last, or the world of truth. Each round of the ladder was said to be of metal of measuring purity, and was dignified also with the name of its protecting planet. Some idea of the construction of this symbolic ladder may be obtained from the accompanying table.

7. Gold …………… Sun …………. Truth
6. Silver …………. Moon ……… Mansion of the Blessed
5. Iron …………… Mars ………… World of Births
4. Tin ……………. Jupiter ……… Middle World
3. Copper …….. Venus ………. Heaven
2. Quicksilver . Mercury ……. World of Pre-existence
1. Lead ………….. Saturn ………. First World

Source: Mackey’s Encyclopedia of Freemasonry

Jacob’s Ladder: Author Unknown

When this symbol, which is taken from Jacob’s Vision (Genesis xxviii), was introduced into English Speculative Freemasonry is not exactly known. But we find allusions to it a little after the middle of the last [18th] century. It apparently was not originally a symbol of Speculative Masonry, but was probably introduced from Hermetic Masonry, about 1776. But we fancy that it came from Hermeticism, of which it was a favorite symbol. Certain it is that we do not find it in any of our far oldest known rituals if indeed they can be depended upon. Gadicke says of it, "Either resting upon the floor cloth or on the Bible, the compasses, and the square, it should lead the thoughts of the brethren to heaven. If we find that it has many staves or rounds, they represent as many moral and religious duties. If it has only three, they should represent Faith, Hope and Charity. Draw Faith, Hope, and Charity from the Bible with these three encircle the whole earth, and order all thy actions by the square of truth, so shall the heavens be opened upon thee."

Curiously enough, in Germany, the `Handbuch’ tells us this symbolism is not used, nor on the continent generally. It has been pointed out by Oliver, by the `Handbuch,’ and by others, that this is a mystical ladder to be found in the teaching of most other occult systems. Thus in the Mithraic mysteries the seven-runged ladder is said to have been a symbol of the ascent of the soul to perfection. Each of the rungs was termed a gate, and the `Handbuch’ declares that the aspirants had to pass through a dark and winding cavern. The last, or Adytum, was full of light, and also assures us that in the old Hebraic Cabala the number of steps (for they had a cabalistic ladder also), was unlimited, until the Essenes reduce the number to seven. The latter Cabalists are said to have made ten Sephriroth – the Kingdom, the Foundation, Splendor, Firmness, Beauty, Justice, Mercy, Intelligence, Wisdom, and the Crown, by which we arrive at the Infinite, as Mackey and others put it.

It is alleged that in the mysteries of Brahma and in the Egyptian mysteries this ladder is also to be found. But this fact seems a little doubtful especially as the Egyptian mysteries little is known. The ladder is, however, to be seen among the hieroglyphics. In the Brahmic mysteries there is, we are told a ladder of seven steps, emblematic of seven worlds. The first and lowest was the Earth; the second, the World of Pre-Existence; the third, Heaven; the fourth, the Middle World, or intermediate region; the fifth, the World of Births; the sixth, the Mansions of the Blest; and the seventh, the Sphere of Truth. Some little difference of opinion exists as to the representation of the Brahmic teaching. It has been stated that in Hermetic or higher Masonry, so-called, the seven steps represent Justice, Equality, Kindness, Good Faith, Labor, Patience and intelligence. They are also represented as Justice, Charity, Innocence, Sweetness, Faith, Firmness and Truth, the Greater Work, Responsibility. But this is quite a modern arrangement in all probability. In Freemasonry it has been said that the ladder with its seven rungs or steps represents the four cardinal and three theological virtues which in symbolism seems to answer to the seven grades of Hermetic symbolism. It must be remembered that we have no actual old operative ritual before us, and on the other hand we must not lay too much store by the negative evidence of later rituals – that is, because we do not find until then actual mention of certain words and symbolisms therefore conclude they did not exist earlier. On the whole, Jacob’s ladder in Freemasonry seems to point to the connection between Faith and Heaven, man and God, and to represent Faith, Hope and Charity; or, as it is declared, Faith in God, Charity to all men, and Hope in Immortality.

Source: The Craftsman – December 1897

THREE PRINCIPAL ROUNDS:

“And Jacob went out from Beersheba, and went toward Haran. And he lighted upon a certain place, and tarried there all night, because the sun was set; and took of the stones of that place, and put them for his pillows, and lay down in that place to sleep. And he dreamed, and beheld a ladder set upon the earth, and the top of it reached to heaven; and beheld the angels of God ascending and descending on it. And, behold, the Lord stood above it, and said, I am the Lord God of Abraham thy father, and the God of Isaac.” These words (Genesis XXVIII, 10-13 inclusive)v are the foundation of that beautiful symbol of the Entered Apprentice’s Degree in which the initiate first hears”. . . the greatest of these is charity, for our faith may be lost in sight, hope ends in fruition, but charity extends beyond the grave, through the boundless realms of eternity.” At least two prophets besides the describer of Jacob’s vision have spoken aptly reinforcing words Job said (XXXIII, 14-16):

“For God speaketh once, yea twice, yet man perceiveth it not. In a dream, in a vision of the night, when deep sleep falleth upon men, in slumberings upon the bed: Then he openeth the ears of men, and sealeth their instructions.”

And St. John (I,51):

“And he said unto him, Verily, verily I say unto you, Hereafter ye shall see heaven open, and the angels of God ascending and descending upon the Son of Man.”

Since the dawn of thought the ladder has been a symbol of progress, of ascent, of reaching upward, in many mysteries, faiths and religions. Sometimes the ladder becomes steps, sometimes a stairway, sometimes a succession of gates or, more modernly, of degrees; but he idea of ascent from darkness to light, from ignorance to knowledge and from materially to spiritually is the same whatever the form of the symbol.

In the Persian Mysteries of Mithras, the candidate ascended a ladder of seven rounds, and also passed through seven caverns, symbolized by seven metals, and by the sun, moon and five planets. The early religion of Brahma had also a seven stepped ladder. In the Scandinavian Mysteries the initiate climbed a tree; the Cabalists made progress upward by ten steps. In the Scottish Rite the initiate encounters the Ladder of Kadosh, also of seven steps, and most of the early tracing boards of the Craft Degrees show a ladder of seven rounds, representing the four cardinal and three theological virtues. At one time, apparently, the Masonic ladder had but three steps. The Prestonian lecture, which Mackey thought was an elaboration of Dunkerly’s system, rests the end of the ladder on the Holy Bible; it reads:

“By the doctrines contained in the Holy Bible, we are taught to believe in the Divine dispensation of Providence, which belief strengthens our “Faith,” and enables us to ascend the first step. That Faith naturally creates in a “Hope” of becoming partakers of some of the blessed promises therein recorded, which “Hope” enables us to ascend the second step. But the third and last being “Charity” comprehends the whole, and he who is possessed of this virtue in its ample sense, is said to have arrived at the summit of his profession, or more metaphorically, into an etherial mansion veiled from mortal eye by the starry firmament.”

The theological ladder is not very old in Masonic symbolism, as far as evidence shows. Some historians have credited it to Matin Clare, in 1732, but on very slender evidence. It seems to appear first is a tracing board approximately dated 1776, and has there but three rounds. As the tracing board is small, the contraction from seven to three may have been a matter of convenience. If it is true that Dunkerly introduced Jacob’s ladder into the degrees, he my have reduced the steps from seven to three merely to emphasize the number three, so important Masonically; possibly it was to achieve a certain measure of simplicity. Preston, however, restored the idea of seven steps, emphasizing the theological virtues by denominating them “principal rounds.

The similarity of Jacob’s Ladder of seven steps to the Winding Stairs, with three, five and seven steps has caused many to believe each but a different form of the same symbol; Haywood says (“The Builder, Vol.5, No.11):

“Other scholars have opined that the steps were originally the same as the Theological Ladder, and had the same historical origin. Inasmuch as this Theo-logical Ladder symbolized progress, just as does the Winding Stair, some argue that the latter symbol must have come from the same sources as the former. This interpretation of the matter my be plausible enough, and it may help towards an interpretation of both symbols, but it suffers from an almost utter lack of tangible evidence.”

Three steps or seven, symbol similar to the Winding Stairs or different in meaning and implications, the theological virtues are intimately interwoven in the Masonic system. Our many rituals alter the phraseology here and there, but the sense is the same and the concepts identical.

According to the dictionary (Standard) Faith is “a firm conviction of the truth of what is declared by another . . .without other evidence: The assent of the mind or understanding to the truth of what God has revealed.”

The whole concept of civilization rests upon that form of faith covered in the first definition. Without faith in promises, credit and the written word society as we know it could not exist. Nor could Freemasonry have been born, much less lived through many centuries without secular, as distinguished from religious, faith; faith in the integrity of those who declared that Freemasonry had value to give to those who sought; faith in its genuineness and reality; faith in its principles and practices.

Yet our ritual declares that the third, not the first, round of the ladder is “the greatest of these” because “faith may be lost in sight.” Faith is not needed where evidence is presented, and in the far day when the human soul may see for itself the truths we now except without demonstrations, faith may disappear without any con- sciousness of loss. But on earth faith in the divine revelation is of the utmost importance to all, especially from the Masonic standpoint. No atheist can be made a Mason. Any man who misstates his belief in Deity in order to become a Mason will have a very unhappy experience in taking the degrees. Young wrote:

“Faith builds a bridge across the gulf of death To break the shock blind nature cannot shun And lands though smoothly on the further shore.”

The candidate that has no “bridge across the gulf” will find in the degrees only words which mean nothing. To the soul on its journey after death, the third round may indeed be of more import than the first; to Masons in their doctrine and their Lodges, the first round is a foundation; lacking it no brother may climb the heights. Hope is intimately tied to faith: “Faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen.”

The dictionary declares hope to be “desire with expectations of obtaining: to trust confidently that good will come.” But the dictionary definition fails to express the mental and spiritual importance of hope. Philosophers and poets have done much better. “Where there is no hope, there can be no endeavor,” says Samuel Johnson, phrasing a truism everyone feels though few express. All ambitions, all human actions, all labors are founded on hope. It may be crystallized into a firm faith, but in a world in which nothing is certain, the future inevitably is hidden. We live, love, labor, pray, marry and become Masons. bury our dead with hope in breasts of something beyond. Pope wrote:

“Hope spring eternal in the human breast; Many never is, but always to be, blest,” blending a cynicism with the truth.

Shakespeare came closer to everyday humanity when he said: “True hope is swift, and flies with swallow’s wings; Kings it makes gods, and meaner creatures, kings.”

Dante could find no more cruel words to write above the entrance to hell than:

“Abandon all hope, all ye who enter here.”

Nor can we be argued out of hope; doctors say of a loved one, “she must die,” but we hope; atheists attempt to prove there is no God – we hope. Facts demonstrate that our dearest ambition can never be realized – yet we hope. To quote Young again, we are all:

“Confiding, though confounded; hope coming on, Untaught by trial, unconvinced by proof, And ever looking for the never seen.” And yet, vital though hope is to man, to Masons, and thrice vital to faith. our ritual says that charity is greater than either faith or hope.

To those whom charity means only handing a quarter to a beggar, paying a subscription to the community chest, or sending old clothes to the Salvation army, the declaration that charity is greater than faith or hope is difficult to accept. Only when the word “charity” is read to mean “love,” as many scholars say it should be translated in Paul’s magnificent passage in Corinthians, does our ritual become logically intelligible. Charity of alms can hardly “extend through the boundless realms of eternity.” To give money to the poor is a beautiful act, but hardly as important, either to the giver or the recipient, as faith or hope. But to give love, unstinted, without hope of or faith in reward – that, indeed, may well extend to the very foot of the Great White Throne.

It is worth while to read St. Paul with this meaning of the word in mind; here is the quotation from the King James version, but with the word “love” substituted for the word “charity:”

“Though I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, and have not love, I am become as sounding brass, or a tinkling cymbal. And though I have the gift of prophecy, and understand all mysteries, and all knowledge; and though I have all faith, so that I could remove mountains, and have not love, I am nothing. And though I bestow all my goods to feed the poor, and though I give my body to be burned, and have not love, it profiteth me nothing. Love suffereth long, and is kind; Love enveith not; love vaunteth not itself, is not puffed up. Doth not behave itself unseemly, seeketh not her own, is not easily provoked, thinketh no evil; Rejoiceth not in iniquity, but rejoiceth in the truth.”

Beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things. Love never faileth; but whether there be prophecies, they shall fail; whether there be tongues, they shall cease; whether there be knowledge, it shall vanish away. For we know in part, and we prophesy in part. But when that which is perfect is come, then that which is in part shall be done away.”

“When I was a child, I spake as a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child; but when I became a man, I put away childish things. For now we see through a glass, darkly; but then face to face; now I know in part; but then shall I know even as also I am known. And now abideth faith, hope, love; these three; but the greatest of these is love.”

It is of such charity that a Mason’s faith is made. He is, indeed, taught the beauty of giving that which is material; the Rite of Destitution shows forth the tender lesson in the first degree; Masonic Homes, Schools, Foundation, Orphanages and Hospitals are the living exponents of the charity which means to give from a plenty to those who have but a paucity.

The first of the principal tenets of our profession and the third round of Jacob’s Ladder are really one; brotherly love is “the greatest of these” and only when a Mason takes to his heart the reading of charity to be more than alms, does he see the glory of that moral structure the door to which Freemasonry so gently, but so widely, opens.

Charity of thought for an erring brother; charity which lays a brotherly hand on a troubled shoulder in comfort; charity which exults with the happy and finds joy in his success; charity which sorrows with the grieving and drops a tear in sympathy; charity which opens the heart as well as the pocket book; charity which stretches forth a hand of hope to the hopeless, which aids the helpless, which brings new faith to the crushed . . .aye, these, indeed, may “extend through the boundless realms of eternity.”

Man is never so close to the divine as when he loves; it is because of that fact that charity, (meaning love,) rather than faith or hope, is truly, “the greatest of these.”

Source: Short Talk Bulletin – Apr. 1935
Masonic Service Association of North America

Jacob’s Ladder:

Jacob’s Ladder is the only reference from the volume of the Sacred Law which is mentioned twice in the Craft Ritual; it must therefore, be considered to be of great importance. In our Masonic ritual, the first mention of Jacob’s ladder describes how Masons are enabled to ascend to the summit of masonry, i.e. Charity. This ascent is made possible from it’s beginning in the doctrines of the Holy Book followed by ascending the steps of Faith and Hope which in turn lead to the summit – CHARITY.
The second mention of Jacob’s Ladder in the ritual is in the explanation of the first Tracing Board which refers to the Volume of the Sacred Law supporting Jacob’s Ladder, but this time it brings us directly to God in Heaven, provided that we are conversant with the Holy Book and are adherent to it’s doctrines.

The Introduction of Jacob’s Ladder into speculative Masonry is to be traced to the vision of Jacob, which is recorded in the book of Genesis. “When Jacob, while sleeping one night , with the bare earth for his couch and a stone for his pillow, beheld the vision of a ladder, whose foot rested on the earth and whose top reached to heaven. Angels were continually ascending and descending upon it, and promised him the blessing of a numerous and happy prosperity. When Jacob awoke, he was filled with pious gratitude, and consecrated the spot as the house of God.”

This ladder, so remarkable in the history of the Jewish people, is to be found in all the ancient initiations. Whether by coincidence, or that they were all derived from a common fountain of symbolism is unknown. However, it is certain that the ladder as a symbol of moral and intellectual progress existed almost universally in antiquity, as a succession of steps, of gates, of degrees or in some other modified form. The number of steps varied; but most commonly was seven in allusion to the mystical importance given to that number. Thus in the Persian mysteries of Mithras, there was a ladder of seven rounds, the passage through them being symbolical of the soul’s approach to perfection. These rounds were called Gates, and, in allusion to them, the candidate was made to pass through seven dark and winding caverns, which process was called the ‘Ascent of the Ladder of Perfection’.

Each round of the ladder was said to be of metal and of increasing purity, and was dignified also with the name of it’s protecting planet. The highest being Gold . &. . . The Sun, next Silver and the Moon . . . through to Lead and Saturn. In the mysteries of Brahma we find the same reference to a ladder of seven steps, with similar names. In Scandinavian mysteries the tree Yggrasil was the representative of the mystical ladder. The ascent of the tree, like the ascent of the ladder, was a change from a lower to a higher sphere – from time to eternity, and from death to life.

In Masonry we find the ladder of Kadosh, which consists of seven steps, commencing from the bottom : Justice – Equity – Kindness – Good Faith – Labour – Patience and Intelligence. The idea of Intellectual progress to perfection is carried out by making the top round represent Wisdom or Understanding.

The ladder in Craft Masonry ought also to consist of seven steps, ascending as follows : Temperance – Fortitude – Prudence – Justice – Faith – Hope – and Charity. But the earliest examples of the ladder present it only with three, referring to the three theological virtues, whence it is sometimes called the Theological Ladder. It seems, therefore, to have been determined by general usage to have only three steps. In the 16th. century it was stated that Jacob’s ladder was a symbol of the progressive scale of intellectual communication between earth and heaven; and upon this ladder, as it were, step by step, man is permitted – with the angels – to ascend and to descend until the mind finds blissful and complete repose in the bosom of divinity.

Jewish writers differ very much in their exposition of the ladder. Abben Ezra thought that it was a symbol of the human mind, and that the Angels represented the sublime meditations of man. Maimonides supposed the ladder to symbolise Nature in it’s operations, giving it four steps, to represent the four elements – the two heavier earth and water – and the two lighter – fire and air. And Raphael interprets the ladder, and the ascent and descent of the Angels, as the prayers of man and the answering inspiration of God. Nicolai says that the ladder with three steps was, among the Rosicrucian Freemasons in the seventeenth century, a symbol of the knowledge of nature. Finally Krause says that Brother Keher of Edinburgh, whom he described as a truthful Mason, had in 1802 assured the members of a Lodge in Altenberg that originally only one Scottish degree existed, whose object was the restoration of James III (1460 ) to the throne of England and that Jacob’s ladder had been adopted by them as a symbol. An authentic narrative is purported to be contained in the archives of the Grand Lodge of Scotland.

In the Ancient Craft degrees Jacob’s ladder was not an original symbol. The first appearance of a ladder is in a Tracing Board, on which is inscribed the date 1776, which agrees with the date of Dunkerley’s revised lectures. In this Tracing Board the ladder has only three rounds, a change from the seven-stepped ladder of the old mysteries, and was later described as having many rounds, but three principal ones.

The modern Masonic ladder, is, as I have already said, a symbol of progress, as it was in the ancient initiations. It’s three principal rounds, representing Faith, Hope and Charity, present us with the means of advancing from earth to heaven, from death to life, from the mortal to immortality. Hence it’s foot is placed on the floor of the Lodge, which is typical of the world, and it’s top rests on the covering of the Lodge, which is symbolic of heaven. Which explains the statement given in the lecture on the Tracing Board of the First Degree in Craft Masonry, that the ladder rests on the Holy Bible and reaches to the heavens.

The Stone:

Before I close I would like to take you back to those words from the Book of Genesis, namely, “. . . . with the bare earth for his couch and a stone for a pillow. . . . “

Almost 4,000 years ago fate brought Jacob’s caravan to a place called Bethel near Jerusalem, then as even now it was the custom for a traveller to bolster his pillow and bedding with stones for a more comfortable position.

With his head resting on a particular stone, Jacob is said to have had his famous dream, which we have heard earlier.

Jacob prospered in wealth and knowledge and was directed by God to return to Bethel. On his return, the Lord again appeared to him saying “I am the God of Bethel”, thus the Lord associated himself not only with the place of the vision but with the Bethel Stone. Jacob took the Stone with him and, from that time on it was always set up as a pillar marking the altar to the God of Israel.

The Bethel Stone, finally, was returned to Jerusalem where it served as the Coronation Stone for the Jewish Kings, ending with the infamous Zedekiah in 581 B.C. According to Irish historians, a few years later (578 B.C. ) a small but distinguished group of strangers, who had fled from Palestine, arrived in Ulster. They had brought with them the Bethel Stone, or Stone of Destiny, together with a Royal harp and an Ark. It is significant to note that a Harp has been the royal arms of Ireland for the last 2,500 years.

The Stone remained in Ireland for over 1,000 years where every king of Ireland was crowned upon it. Till Fearghus Mor ( The Great )took it to the Scottish island of Iona. Here 48 kings of Scotland were crowned upon it until the ninth century, when it was transferred to the town of Scone near Perth for safe keeping by Coinneach Cruadalach (the Hardy) who became King of Scotland. There it remained for 400 years as that nations coronation stone.

In the reign of England’s Edward I it was removed from Scotland (1292 ), either by force or by mutual agreement (the Authorities disagree), and there it remained located under the Coronation Chair in the Westminster Abbey until 1996, when it was returned to Scotland by a special Act of Parliament.

Early Rose Croix:

It would appear from reliable documentation that was still in existence, in Austria, prior to the Second World War, that a form of Rose Croix Masonry was first known in 1747, which had formerly been known as “Knights of the Pelican”. There are a number of references, under a variety of different titles, which all purport to relate to Rose Croix Masonry. These variously date back as far as the Knights Templars of Palestine in 1188 A.D. However, the earliest reference to Rose Croix without any additional appendage, and which seems most likely to be to be in accord with the Order as we know it today, first appeared in 1747.

In the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite, from which the Rose Croix Masons of America first received the degree, it was placed 18th. on the list – thus the degree became known ( by common usage ) as the Eighteenth Degree. The degree was conferred in a body known as a chapter, which derived it’s authority directly from a Supreme Council of the Thirty Third degree, and which conferred with it only one other and inferior degree, that of “Knight of the East and West”. A chapters principal officers being a Most Wise Sovereign and two Wardens. Interestingly, the order had two ‘Obligatory’ days of meeting, Maundy Thursday and Easter Sunday. Maundy Thursday or Holy Thursday is the Thursday before Easter, observed by Christians in commemoration of Christ’s Last Supper. The name ‘Maundy is derived from MANDATUM ( Latin: “commandment” ).

The Jewel of the Rose Croix is a Golden Compasses, extended on an arc to the sixteenth part of a circle – or twenty two and a half degrees. The head of the compasses is surmounted by a triple crown, consisting of three series of points arranged by three, five and seven. Between the legs of the compasses is a cross resting on the arc; it’s centre is occupied by a full blown rose, whose stem entwines around the lower limb of the cross; at the foot of the cross, on the same side, on which the rose is exhibited, is the figure of a Pelican wounding it’s breast to feed it’s young, which are in the nest surrounding it.

An interesting article:

www.freemasons-freemasonry.com/masonic_ladder.htm

The value of Obtaining Great transunion credit score scale

Nowadays, we all have turn into dependent upon credit history. They will use credit but not only for purchasing just about any house or fresh motor vehicle however for shopping for tiny problems. Prior to a financial lock up, it absolutely was very easy if you are to have mortgage loan, house loan as well as other style of credit rating. The good news is, scenario has changed considerably. There are various limitations as well as a person needs to satisfy many of the criteria so you can get financial loan at a lender.

What’s important how the financial institutions verify even though allowing personal loan to a person is her credit history which is calculated because of the experian credit score scale in addition to transunion credit score scale. Your credit rating is usually a scores which in turn demonstrates the finance value of a human being. The businesses, banks and banks utilize the credit score scale to recognise draught beer an individual to settle the total he or she provides coppied. A person where credit score scale displays good credit score can be considered match to offer the credit. Knowledge much less limits on the financial loan and can be forced to pay decrease rates of interest. Conversely, an individual who offers small credit score will have challenges in getting the financial loan. He can in addition have a lot of limits and mortgage rates.

Within the credit score scale plus transunion credit score scale, if an individual lots 700 or maybe more than Seven hundred as opposed considered to be a great credit history. You’re not this type of beneficial report can have no worries in establishing credit and that also at the small rate. Before your credit standing connected with 620 has been regarded as being a superb credit score however that rating is known as poor. A person where credit score inside the credit score scale can be in between 450 as well as 650 should test tough to get a loan mainly because it isn’t going to be all to easy to tell lenders.

In case your person’s credit ratings can be fewer than 400, the real key have a lots of challenge to get safe-guarding any sort of credit rating. He can should raise his credit worthiness to become allowed to acquire credit. To increase the credit score, a person might bring some help from several nonprofit firms exactly who assist in restoring a new person’s credit worthiness in addition to shows solutions to are more dependable whilst having economic choices.

You’ll find several credit scoring offices within United states of america that your man or woman may well make contact with to get buying their particular credit history and perhaps they are Equifax, Experian and TransUnion. This experian credit score scale as well as transunion credit score scale never evaluate the person’s credit worthiness just as.

The credit rating data on the experian credit score scale as well as transunion credit score scale are developed in the latest way, whilst they depend on the particular Credit scoring product. This Experian credit worthiness stages via 330 for you to 830 as opposed to a TransUnion credit ratings degrees by 301 to help 850. The experian credit score scale employs As well as credit score credit rating program as opposed to TransUnion makes use of the typical reviewing technique regarding Credit, also referred to as EMPIRICA.

To know more about transunion credit score scale and to gain some insightful knowledge on transunion credit score scale then do visit the webpage

Find More Transunion Articles

Far too late to purchase Bitcoin? Programmer describes.

far too late to purchase Bitcoin? Programmer describes.

Bitcoin has seen a phenomenal bull run from 2700 to nearly 3400 bucks, do you know the reasons for this boost in cost? We speak about Bitcoin Segwit and Bitcoin money since the cause of the cost increase plus the main-stream media cover cyrpto currencies.

We after that explore wether it is too-late to invest in Bitcoin. Using recent goes up in price many people are not certain wether it is a beneficial crypto investment.

Additionally we mention the therapy required for crypto investing whenever costs can swing so forcefully, like Ethereum when it moved from 400 to 200 bucks.

Thank you for viewing dudes, if you’d like to help me and donate to the channel, listed below are my details:

💎 BTC 1QLBCmPsrDS8YHe5AApPyFsHFnvPsTenj4
💎 ETH 0x27F80bc928aB65B499514D9a429249F55849fc75
💎 LTC LWzA2kd6PB3niQcegAmJbTTpE5ovf812Mj
💎 DASH XfX56mNDawvmxxWv3nF9Ev93W4MsmCbeXp
💎 DOGE DDNNj1TfDJe47agPDJQtnphvAPiLa8wjSJ

IMPORTANT CRYPTO RESOURCES

♥ Recommended hardware wallet LEDGER NANO S https://www.ledgerwallet.com/r/4607
♥ purchase and sell cryptocurrencies right here https://www.coinbase.com/join/529bab0ab08ded7080000019

JOIN SLACK NEIGHBORHOOD
http://slack-invite-ivan-on-tech.herokuapp.com

https://steemit.com/@ivanli

http://bit.ly/2k69In3 BILL GATES – NOBODY CAN STOP BITCOIN | Bitcoin Is Unstoppable

Get in on the Team: https://office.tradecoinclub.com/register/KimmyT

TradeCoinClub doesn’t allow for unfunded people to participate in the trading profits, secure an area in staff matrix, or sponsor new people to the club.

Get Funded: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-McjYyKR1Fc

Create A Coinbase Account: https://www.coinbase.com/join/56818471b5bdf40284000099

You may want to learn more about the business on this Address: http://www.TradeCoinClub.info

CONTACT INFORMATION:
Kimberley Tilley
1-647-376-6201
Twitter: https://www.facebook.com/kimberey.tilley
Skype: kimberley.tilley2
ConnectedIn: https://ca.linkedin.com/in/kimberleytilley
Email: kimmytilley@gmail.com
YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/user/kimmytilley

Bitcoin Video’s:

What exactly is Bitcoin? | Description Of Exactly How Bitcoin Works: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aMrW2YZUER4

What Is The Trade Coin Club Institutional? | What’s TCC?: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2w5lOayv5hI

New Enhance Revenue Constant In Bitcoin and Digital Currency | No Currency Advertising Necessary: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b4C-7teln4U&feature=youtu.be

Energy of Cryptocurrency/ Digital Currency explained by Bill Gates: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=49fKWT8L3H4&feature=youtu.be

HOW EXACTLY TO REGISTER PROPERLY ON TRADE COIN CLUB TCC: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wSVXnedpO2s&feature=youtu.be

Trade Coin Club TCC Assessment Webinar with Joff haven 2017 | 100per cent Passive Income: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aJQWPizfU3Y

How-to Fund Your TradeCoinClub Account With Bitcoin: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FUWCaPNZ6X4&feature=youtu.be

TradeCoinClub Compensation Plan | TCC Comp Arrange 2000 BTC Everyday!:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NCgrjeUIwbM&feature=youtu.be

New Straight Back Office For Trade Coin Club TCC Walkthrough | TradeCoinClub TCC Walkthrough: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=08qLORzihik

STEP THREE: SIMPLE TIPS TO SET YOUR DANGER FOR TRADING ON TRADE COIN CLUB TCC: https://youtu.be/FUWCaPNZ6X4

Trade Coin Club Business Strategy | What Is TCC: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nOIzvM7I_UU&feature=youtu.be

Exactly why is My TCC Trade Coin Club Exchange Just Showing Half?: https://youtu.be/WeTx3yxIxlI

Improvement! How Exactly To Transfer Your Commissions and Investments Each Day In TCC Trade Coin Club: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WpsMRH1xFWs&feature=youtu.be

How To setup Xpass & How To Compound your investment returns For TCC Trade Coin Club : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H64cQmfo2cs

How exactly to Arranged Docs Correctly In Trade Coin Club TCC: https://youtu.be/x5W4ekJa8m8

Trade Coin Club TCC Pre- Launch From Corporate Workplace In Belize!: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k9X5PTEk0VU&feature=youtu.be

What exactly is Trade Coin Club TCC? | Joff Paradise Servant Leader Describes: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=caZ0TUQ-thM&feature=youtu.be

Simple tips to Receive and Send Bitcoin Between Coinbase and Blockchain Wallets: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xmgTJ298x_s&feature=youtu.be

BILL GATES – NOBODY CAN AVOID BITCOIN | Bitcoin Is Unstoppable: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k0HmrSfJwhU&feature=youtu.be

Tags:
trade money club
trade coin club english
trade coin club analysis
trade coin club webinar
trade coin club evidence
trade coin club bitcoin
trade coin club payment program
trade coin club overview
trade coin club backoffice tour
trade coin club presentation
Trade money club | Simple tips to fund your account
trade money club | where to find your referral id
trade coin club | How to compound your resources
how exactly to include funds in trade coin club
investment your trade money club account
buy plans in trade coin club
find your referral id in trade money club
How will you earn money with trade money club
Is trade coin club a fraud
So what does Trade Coin Club Do
Trade Coin Club Introduction
Trade Coin Club | Simple tips to change autotrader on
Trade Coin Club | exactly why is My TCC Exchange Balance just 50 % of the thing I deposited
Trade Coin Club | So What Does TCC do | TCC Introduction
Trade Coin Club | just how to switch your autotrader on
Kimberley Tilley, Kimmy Tilley, Cryptocurrency, Crypto Currency, Blockchain, TCC Faq’s, TCC FAQ’s, Trade Coin Club FAQ’s, Trade Coin Club Faq’s
bitcoin trading
bitcoin forex
bitcoin worth
bitcoin wallet
trade money club settlement plan,
how to compound in trade money club,
trade money club english review,
trade money club passive income,

just how to include resources in trade coin club ,buy programs in trade money club,find your referral id in trade coin club, how will you make money with trade money club,
Is trade money club a fraud, What does Trade Coin Club Do,
Trade Coin Club Introduction,Trade Coin Club Belize Office Tour on Prelaunch Day,Trade Coin Club | how-to switch your autotrader on,
Trade Coin Club | exactly why is My TCC Exchange Balance just half of the thing I deposited, Trade Coin Club | So what does TCC do | TCC Introduction, Trade Coin Club | how-to switch your Autotrader on

Share The News Headlines: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k0HmrSfJwhU&feature=youtu.be
Video Rating: / 5

Nice Mortgage Refinance photos

Take a look at these mortgage re-finance pictures:

Personal Money
mortgage refinance
< img alt="home loan re-finance"src="https://www.credit-report-online.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/24069210613_519c05bc11.jpg"size="400"/ > Picture by danielfoster437 Personal finance on a laptop computer.

As a reminder, maintain in mind that this image is offered only for non-commercial use which visible attribution is needed. If you would love to utilize this photo outside these terms, please contact me in advance to prepare for a paid permit.

Home loan kitteh fantasizes concerning mortgages
mortgage refinance
< img alt="home loan refinance"src="https://www.credit-report-online.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/5953706465_259a74c626.jpg"width="400"/ > Image by ghwpix Should we refinance? Allow’s rest on it.

Spinning Wheel – win compact flourescent lightbulbs!
mortgage refinance
< img alt="home loan re-finance"src ="https://www.credit-report-online.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/1794933987_d53fd616f0.jpg"width ="400"/ > Image by justin There were tons of lotto games and spinning wheels as well as win a cost-free home mortgage refinancing price quote type cubicles with lines appearing of them-right here’s one training individuals concerning power effectiveness.