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A credit dispute is when you dispute some thing on your own credit file that you feel shouldn’t be there or a debt that is old enough to be taken off the credit history. In some cases, wrong information can carry on your report and you will dispute these charges to enhance your credit score.

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Rosetta Stone at the British Museum
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Pasting from the Wikipedia page on the Rosetta Stone:

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The Rosetta Stone is an Ancient Egyptian artifact which was instrumental in advancing modern understanding of Egyptian hieroglyphic writing. The stone is a Ptolemaic era stele with carved text made up of three translations of a single passage: two in Egyptian language scripts (hieroglyphic and Demotic) and one in classical Greek. It was created in 196 BC, discovered by the French in 1799 at Rosetta, and transported to England in 1802. Once in Europe, it contributed greatly to the deciphering of the principles of hieroglyph writing, through the work of the British scientist Thomas Young and the French scholar Jean-François Champollion. Comparative translation of the stone assisted in understanding many previously undecipherable examples of hieroglyphic writing. The text on the stone is a decree from Ptolemy V, describing the repeal of various taxes and instructions to erect statues in temples. Two Egyptian-Greek multilingual steles predated Ptolemy V’s Rosetta Stone: Ptolemy III‘s Decree of Canopus, 239 BC, and Ptolemy IV‘s Decree of Memphis, ca 218 BC.

The Rosetta Stone is 114.4 centimetres (45.0 in) high at its highest point, 72.3 centimetres (28.5 in) wide, and 27.9 centimetres (11.0 in) thick.[1] It is unfinished on its sides and reverse. Weighing approximately 760 kilograms (1,700 lb), it was originally thought to be granite or basalt but is currently described as granodiorite of a dark grey-pinkish colour.[2] The stone has been on public display at The British Museum since 1802.

Contents

1 History of the Rosetta Stone
•• 1.1 Modern-era discovery
•• 1.2 Translation
•• 1.3 Recent history
2 Inscription
3 Idiomatic use
4 See also
5 Notes
6 References
7 External links

History of the Rosetta Stone

Modern-era discovery

In preparation for Napoleon‘s 1798 campaign in Egypt, the French brought with them 167 scientists, scholars and archaeologists known as the ‘savants’. French Army engineer Lieutenant Pierre-François Bouchard discovered the stone sometime in mid-July 1799, first official mention of the find being made after the 25th in the meeting of the savants’ Institut d’Égypte in Cairo. It was spotted in the foundations of an old wall, during renovations to Fort Julien near the Egyptian port city of Rashid (Rosetta) and sent down to the Institute headquarters in Cairo. After Napoleon returned to France shortly after the discovery, the savants remained behind with French troops which held off British and Ottoman attacks for a further 18 months. In March 1801, the British landed at Aboukir Bay and scholars carried the Stone from Cairo to Alexandria alongside the troops of Jacques-Francois Menou who marched north to meet the enemy; defeated in battle, Menou and the remnant of his army fled to fortified Alexandria where they were surrounded and immediately placed under siege, the stone now inside the city. Overwhelmed by invading Ottoman troops later reinforced by the British, the remaining French in Cairo capitulated on June 22, and Menou admitted defeat in Alexandria on August 30.[3]

After the surrender, a dispute arose over the fate of French archaeological and scientific discoveries in Egypt. Menou refused to hand them over, claiming they belonged to the Institute. British General John Hely-Hutchinson, 2nd Earl of Donoughmore, refused to relieve the city until de Menou gave in. Newly arrived scholars Edward Daniel Clarke and William Richard Hamilton agreed to check the collections in Alexandria and found many artifacts that the French had not revealed.[citation needed]

When Hutchinson claimed all materials were property of the British Crown, a French scholar, Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, said to Clarke and Hamilton that they would rather burn all their discoveries — referring ominously to the destruction of the Library of Alexandria — than turn them over. Clarke and Hamilton pleaded their case and Hutchinson finally agreed that items such as biology specimens would be the scholars’ private property. But Menou regarded the stone as his private property and hid it.[4]

How exactly the Stone came to British hands is disputed. Colonel Tomkyns Hilgrove Turner, who escorted the stone to Britain, claimed later that he had personally seized it from Menou and carried it away on a gun carriage. In his much more detailed account however, Clarke stated that a French ‘officer and member of the Institute’ had taken him, his student John Cripps, and Hamilton secretly into the back-streets of Alexandria, revealing the stone among Menou’s baggage, hidden under protective carpets. According to Clarke this savant feared for the stone’s safety should any French soldiers see it. Hutchinson was informed at once, and the stone taken away, possibly by Turner and his gun-carriage. French scholars departed later with only imprints and plaster casts of the stone.[5]

Turner brought the stone to Britain aboard the captured French frigate HMS Egyptienne landing in February 1802. On March 11, it was presented to the Society of Antiquaries of London and Stephen Weston played a major role in the early translation. Later it was taken to the British Museum, where it remains to this day. Inscriptions painted in white on the artifact state "Captured in Egypt by the British Army in 1801" on the left side and "Presented by King George III" on the right.

Translation

Experts inspecting the Rosetta Stone during the International Congress of Orientalists of 1874

In 1814, Briton Thomas Young finished translating the enchorial (demotic) text, and began work on the hieroglyphic script but he did not succeed in translating them. From 1822 to 1824 the French scholar, philologist, and orientalist Jean-François Champollion greatly expanded on this work and is credited as the principal translator of the Rosetta Stone. Champollion could read both Greek and Coptic, and figured out what the seven Demotic signs in Coptic were. By looking at how these signs were used in Coptic, he worked out what they meant. Then he traced the Demotic signs back to hieroglyphic signs. By working out what some hieroglyphs stood for, he transliterated the text from the Demotic (or older Coptic) and Greek to the hieroglyphs by first translating Greek names which were originally in Greek, then working towards ancient names that had never been written in any other language. Champollion then created an alphabet to decipher the remaining text.[6]

In 1858, the Philomathean Society of the University of Pennsylvania published the first complete English translation of the Rosetta Stone as accomplished by three of its undergraduate members: Charles R Hale, S Huntington Jones, and Henry Morton.[7]

Recent history

The Rosetta Stone has been exhibited almost continuously in the British Museum since 1802. Toward the end of World War I, in 1917, the Museum was concerned about heavy bombing in London and moved the Rosetta Stone to safety along with other portable objects of value. The Stone spent the next two years in a station on the Postal Tube Railway 50 feet below the ground at Holborn.

The Stone left the British Museum again in October 1972 to be displayed for one month at the Louvre Museum on the 150th anniversary of the decipherment of hieroglyphic writing with the famous Lettre à M. Dacier of Jean-François Champollion.

In July 2003, Egypt requested the return of the Rosetta Stone. Dr. Zahi Hawass, secretary general of the Supreme Council of Antiquities in Cairo, told the press: "If the British want to be remembered, if they want to restore their reputation, they should volunteer to return the Rosetta Stone because it is the icon of our Egyptian identity". In 2005, Hawass was negotiating for a three-month loan, with the eventual goal of a permanent return.[8][9] In November 2005, the British Museum sent him a replica of the stone.[10] In December 2009 Hawass said that he would drop his claim for the return of the Rosetta Stone if the British Museum loaned the stone to Egypt for three months.[11]
Inscription

In essence, the Rosetta Stone is a tax amnesty given to the temple priests of the day, restoring the tax privileges they had traditionally enjoyed from more ancient times. Some scholars speculate that several copies of the Rosetta Stone must exist, as yet undiscovered, since this proclamation must have been made at many temples. The complete Greek portion, translated into English,[12] is about 1600–1700 words in length, and is about 20 paragraphs long (average of 80 words per paragraph):

n the reign of the new king who was Lord of the diadems, great in glory, the stabilizer of Egypt, but also pious in matters relating to the gods, superior to his adversaries, rectifier of the life of men, Lord of the thirty-year periods like Hephaestus the Great, King like the Sun, the Great King of the Upper and Lower Lands, offspring of the Parent-loving gods, whom Hephaestus has approved, to whom the Sun has given victory, living image of Zeus, Son of the Sun, Ptolemy the ever-living, beloved by Ptah;

In the ninth year, when Aëtus, son of Aëtus, was priest of Alexander and of the Savior gods and the Brother gods and the Benefactor gods and the Parent-loving gods and the god Manifest and Gracious; Pyrrha, the daughter of Philinius, being athlophorus for Bernice Euergetis; Areia, the daughter of Diogenes, being canephorus for Arsinoë Philadelphus; Irene, the daughter of Ptolemy, being priestess of Arsinoë Philopator: on the fourth of the month Xanicus, or according to the Egyptians the eighteenth of Mecheir.

THE DECREE: The high priests and prophets, and those who enter the inner shrine in order to robe the gods, and those who wear the hawk’s wing, and the sacred scribes, and all the other priests who have assembled at Memphis before the king, from the various temples throughout the country, for the feast of his receiving the kingdom, even that of Ptolemy the ever-living, beloved by Ptah, the god Manifest and Gracious, which he received from his Father, being assembled in the temple in Memphis this day, declared: Since King Ptolemy, the ever-living, beloved by Ptah, the god Manifest and Gracious, the son of King Ptolemy and Queen Arsinoë, the Parent-loving gods, has done many benefactions to the temples and to those who dwell in them, and also to all those subject to his rule, being from the beginning a god born of a god and a goddess—like Horus, the son of Isis and Osiris, who came to the help of his Father Osiris; being benevolently disposed toward the gods, has concentrated to the temples revenues both of silver and of grain, and has generously undergone many expenses in order to lead Egypt to prosperity and to establish the temples… the gods have rewarded him with health, victory, power, and all other good things, his sovereignty to continue to him and his children forever.[13]

Idiomatic use

The term Rosetta Stone came to be used by philologists to describe any bilingual text with whose help a hitherto unknown language and/or script could be deciphered. For example, the bilingual coins of the Indo-Greeks (Obverse in Greek, reverse in Pali, using the Kharo??hi script), which enabled James Prinsep (1799–1840) to decipher the latter.

Later on, the term gained a wider frequency, also outside the field of linguistics, and has become idiomatic as something that is a critical key to the process of decryption or translation of a difficult encoding of information:

"The Rosetta Stone of immunology"[14] and "Arabidopsis, the Rosetta Stone of flowering time (fossils)".[15] An algorithm for predicting protein structure from sequence is named Rosetta@home. In molecular biology, a series of "Rosetta" bacterial cell lines have been developed that contain a number of tRNA genes that are rare in E. coli but common in other organisms, enabling the efficient translation of DNA from those organisms in E. coli.

"Rosetta" is an online language translation tool to help localisation of software, developed and maintained by Canonical as part of the Launchpad project.

"Rosetta" is the name of a "lightweight dynamic translator" distributed for Mac OS X by Apple. Rosetta enables applications compiled for PowerPC processor to run on Apple systems using x86 processor.

Rosetta Stone is a brand of language learning software published by Rosetta Stone Ltd., headquartered in Arlington, VA, USA.

The Rosetta Project is a global collaboration of language specialists and native speakers to develop a contemporary version of the historic Rosetta Stone to last from 2000 to 12,000 AD. Its goal is a meaningful survey and near permanent archive of 1,500 languages.

Rosetta Stone was also a pseudonym used by Theodor Seuss Geisel (Dr. Seuss) for the book "Because a Little Bug Went Ka-Choo"

See also

Rosetta (disambiguation)
Behistun Inscription
Decree of Canopus, stele no. 1 of the 3-stele series

Notes

• Allen, Don Cameron. "The Predecessors of Champollion", Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, Vol. 144, No. 5. (1960), pp. 527–547
• Adkins, Lesley; Adkins, Roy. The Keys of Egypt: The Obsession to Decipher Egyptian Hieroglyphs. HarperCollins, 2000 ISBN 0-06-019439-1
Budge, E. A. Wallis (1989). The Rosetta Stone. Dover Publications. ISBN 0486261638. http://books.google.com/books?id=RO_m47hLsbAC&printsec=frontcover&dq=rosetta+stone&as_brr=3&sig=ACfU3U1_VaJ_NxkLmbZuYyDLji99DXwY6w
• Downs, Jonathan. Discovery at Rosetta. Skyhorse Publishing, 2008 ISBN 978-1-60239-271-7
• Downs, Jonathan. "Romancing the Stone", History Today, Vol. 56, Issue 5. (May, 2006), pp. 48–54.
• Parkinson, Richard. Cracking Codes: the Rosetta Stone, and Decipherment. University of California Press, 1999 ISBN 0-520-22306-3
• Parkinson, Richard. The Rosetta Stone. Objects in Focus; British Museum Press 2005 ISBN 978-0-7141-5021-5
Ray, John. The Rosetta Stone and the Rebirth of Ancient Egypt. Harvard University Press, 2007 ISBN 978-0-674-02493-9
Reviewed by Jonathon Keats in the Washington Post, July 22, 2007.
• Solé, Robert; Valbelle, Dominique. The Rosetta Stone: The Story of the Decoding of Hieroglyphics. Basic Books, 2002 ISBN 1-56858-226-9
The Gentleman’s Magazine: and Historical Chronicle, 1802: Volume 72: part 1: March: p. 270: Wednesday, March 31.

References

^ "The Rosetta Stone". http://www.britishmuseum.org/explore/highlights/highlight_objects/aes/t/the_rosetta_stone.aspx. Retrieved 2008-05-21. 
^ "History uncovered in conserving the Rosetta Stone". http://www.britishmuseum.org/explore/highlights/article_index/h/history_uncovered_in_conservin.aspx. Retrieved 2008-11-11. 
^ Downs, Jonathan, Discovery at Rosetta, 2008
^ Downs, Jonathan, Discovery at Rosetta, 2008
^ Downs, Jonathan, Discovery at Rosetta, 2008
^ Retrieved on 2008-25-6
^ See University of Pennsylvania, Philomathean Society, Report of the committee [C.R. Hale, S.H. Jones, and Henry Morton], appointed by the society to translate the inscript on the Rosetta stone, Circa 1858 and most likely published in Philadelphia. See later editions of circa 1859 and 1881 by same author, as well as Randolph Greenfield Adams, A Translation of the Rosetta Stone (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1925.) The Philomathean Society holds relevant archival material as well as an original casting.
^ Charlotte Edwardes and Catherine Milner (2003-07-20). "Egypt demands return of the Rosetta Stone". Daily Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/africaandindianocean/egypt/1436606/Egypt-demands-return-of-the-Rosetta-Stone.html. Retrieved 2006-10-05. 
^ Henry Huttinger (2005-07-28). "Stolen Treasures: Zahi Hawass wants the Rosetta Stone back—among other things". Cairo Magazine. http://www.cairomagazine.com/?module=displaystory&story_id=1238&format=html. Retrieved 2006-10-06. [dead link]
^ "The rose of the Nile". Al-Ahram Weekly. 2005-11-30. http://weekly.ahram.org.eg/2005/770/he1.htm. Retrieved 2006-10-06. 
^ [1] "Rosetta Stone row ‘would be solved by loan to Egypt’" BBC News 8 December 2009
^ "Translation of the Greek section of the Rosetta Stone". Reshafim.org.il. http://www.reshafim.org.il/ad/egypt/texts/rosettastone.htm. Retrieved 2009-01-22. 
^ "Text of the Rosetta Stone". http://pw1.netcom.com/~qkstart/rosetta.html. Retrieved 2006-11-26. 
^ The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (2000-09-06). "International Team Accelerates Investigation of Immune-Related Genes". http://www3.niaid.nih.gov/news/newsreleases/2000/ihwg.htm. Retrieved 2006-11-23. 
^ Gordon G. Simpson, Caroline Dean (2002-04-12). "Arabidopsis, the Rosetta Stone of Flowering Time?". http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/296/5566/285?ijkey=zlwRiv/qSEivQ&keytype=ref&siteid=sci. Retrieved 2006-11-23. 

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Rosetta Stone
Wikisource has original text related to this article: Text on the Rosetta Stone in English
Greek Wikisource has original text related to this article: Greek Text from the Rosetta Stone

The Rosetta Stone in The British Museum
More detailed British Museum page on the stone with Curator’s comments and bibliography
The translated text in English – The British Museum
The Finding of the Rosetta Stone
The 1998 conservation and restoration of The Rosetta Stone at The British Museum
Champollion’s alphabet – The British Museum
people.howstuffworks.com/rosetta-stone.htm

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosetta_Stone"

Categories: 196 BC | 2nd century BC | 2nd-century BC steles | 2nd-century BC works | 1st-millennium BC steles | Ancient Egyptian objects in the British Museum | Ancient Egyptian texts | Ancient Egyptian stelas | Antiquities acquired by Napoleon | Egyptology | Metaphors referring to objects | Multilingual texts | Ptolemaic dynasty | Stones | Nile River Delta | Ptolemaic Greek inscriptions | Archaeological corpora documents

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Intl Gay Rodeo Association
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Gay Rodeo History
It is a huge surprise to many that the gay community is involved in rodeo, but this being America and the fact that all of us are intrigued with our Western heritage, it only adds to the reality "We are everywhere!"

The gay community has found many creative ways to become involved with America in efforts to overcome the walls of prejudice. The "Imperial Court" system, which is active in many cities across America, asked their "Empress and Emperor" to raise money for charity. It was felt that raising money for the "Muscular Dystrophy Association" would make a statement for both our existence and our concern for our neighbors.

Reno Gay Rodeos
Emperor I of Reno, Phil Ragsdale, came up with one of the most creative ideas to raise funds. The year was 1975 and Ragsdale wanted to help out the local Senior Citizens Annual Thanksgiving Day feed. An amateur gay rodeo would be fun, raise money, and even erase a lot of gay stereotyping. Ragsdale did not find it easy to pull off this event. He did finally land the Washoe County Fairgrounds for October 2, 1976 and then could not get any local ranchers to allow gays the use of their animals. Finally, on October 1, 1976, he was able to locate five "wild" range cows, ten "wild" range calves, one pig, and a Shetland pony. The next day, "IT WAS RODEO TIME!" Over 125 people took part in this "first" event and the winners were crowned; first, "King of the Cowboys," second, "Queen of the Cowgirls," and third, "Miss Dusty Spurs" (the drag queen). It was great fun and a minor success.
Ragsdale added several new twists to the 1977 version of this rodeo/fundraiser. He founded the Comstock Gay Rodeo Association and his rodeo project became the National Reno Gay Rodeo. Following the Imperial Court’s lead, Ragsdale added the "Mr., Ms., and Miss National Reno Gay Rodeo" contest to benefit the Muscular Dystrophy Association.

The 1977 rodeo, although still small, with its new twists donated 4.00 to MDA under the name of "Reno Gay Liberation." The National Reno Gay Rodeo became a total new outlet for the gay community and created a dual party, "emerging Gay Liberation mixed into a Country/Western party" and "24-hour casinos." Dance troupes from the gay community found an arena to show off their stuff. Square dancing, clogging, formation line dancing, and the rebirth of the two-step made the nights into fabulous parties!

By 1980 a group out of California, the "Pacific Coast Gay Rodeo Association," had emerged with talented rodeo contestants. Fresno, California and Utah had presented some of the top contenders for the Mr., Ms., and Miss titles. Gay rodeo, and the parties surrounding the event, had gained a great foothold in America. Texas was the big state in 1981, bringing a host of fans in Texas T-shirts, a hot contender for All-Around Cowboy, and Mr., Ms., and Miss contestants, who by the way raised nearly ,000 for MDA. The Miss from Texas won the competition for Miss National Reno Gay Rodeo. With San Francisco only a short drive away, the underground gay network spread the word about this "party" and the audience in the grandstands grew to 10,000. Those who only came for the nightlife swelled the head count of gays in the city to over 40,000!

1982 was dominated by Colorado and brought another change to Ragsdale’s rodeo: contestants who wanted standardized rodeo rules so they would feel that they were competing on an equal basis. Many contestants from the previous five years did not return for competition. The Mr., Ms., and Miss National Reno Gay Rodeo contestants were no longer comfortable raising large numbers of dollars just for MDA. Texas in particular was disappointed in this area and decided not to return in 1983.

So 1983’s version of Mr., Ms., and Miss National Reno Gay Rodeo allowed contestants to designate 50% to MDA and 50% to a gay-related charity of their choice. Most chose the AIDS Foundation. 1983 also saw the largest number of dance groups ever assembled at a gay rodeo and the grandstands filled with over 12,000 people. The lack of consistent rules continued to create problems in the arena.

By 1984, the ninth and final National Reno Gay Rodeo still brought over 10,000 people to the rodeo grounds and thousands more to Reno for the gambling and nighttime parties. The IRS credits the demise of this rodeo to a dispute with Washoe County Fairgrounds and the Sands Hotel along with the purported seizure of the rodeo books. Nonetheless, Phil Ragsdale had made a major mark on gay history and introduced the renowned Rose Maddox and Joan Rivers to the emerging gay-Western lifestyle and kindled the flame in the hearts of many men and women scattered across the nation.

The Colorado Connection
Across the nation, the gay community began to set the tone for the "Urban Cowboy" phenomenon. Beginning in 1980, a popular disco called "The Broadway" in Denver introduced Country/Western nights with Ron Jesser teaching the two-step. It became so popular that the club dropped its disco format and catered strictly to this new country crowd and changed their name to "Broadway Country."
The city of Denver and the changing need for government buildings brought the "Broadway Country" to a roaring halt in January 1981 when the city gained control of the property for a new Justice Building. Denver’s two-steppers were still hungry for a place to "do their thing" and one of the most ardent fans gambled his world to bring a country dance floor back to the gay community.

John King opened "Charlie’s" in Denver in early June of 1981 and the urban cowboys were again happy. The underground gossip chain rumored that country bars were springing up all across the nation and believe it or not, a gay rodeo in Reno, Nevada. A handful of adventuresome cowboys from Denver decided to check it out and even if it wasn’t true, Reno had great casinos. It proved true and a couple of the men even became contestants.

The boys from Denver saw an unbelievable mass of gay humanity coming together in Country/Western celebration. A couple of groups from San Francisco introduced Square Dancing (The Foggy City Squares), clogging (The Barbary Coast Cloggers) and a line dance called "Kaw-Liga." Rose Maddox belted out a theme that the gay community dearly loved, "Stand By Your Man." Everywhere you looked, the Pride of Texas was in front of you with great looking T-shirts and loads of enthusiasm. They had raised nearly ,000 for Muscular Dystrophy and their Miss candidate even won the title of Miss Reno National Gay Rodeo.

At the closing party in a jam-packed room at the Sands Hotel, the newly crowned Miss Reno National Gay Rodeo (Miss Texas) came face to face with Wayne Jakino. He couldn’t move left or right and felt compelled to congratulate Miss Texas. She responded, "Thank you, and where are ya’ll from?" Jakino said he was from Denver and Miss Texas chided, "Well, ya’ll might as well of not shown up from all we have seen of you." Jakino let his mouth overload and snapped, "Yeah, but check us out next year!"

Excited about the Reno weekend, Jesser asked John King if Charlie’s would allow a group to meet to talk rodeo. The first meeting saw Jesser, Jakino, and seven other men commit themselves to form the Colorado Gay Rodeo Association (CGRA) and return in force to Reno.

In just a little over a month, on September 13, 1981, the new association elected its first officers, with 42 people present, and make its first public appearance at a community fundraiser that evening. Jakino was elected Founding President and his memory burned with the taunting from Miss Texas. It was now "Reno or Bust!" time. It should be noted that the argument over placing the word "gay" in the name of the association had raged for a month before the election and for two months following at every bylaws ratification meeting.

Founding membership was held open on December 1, 1981 and hit 94 founding members. Thereafter, membership continued to climb. Surprisingly so, for historical purposes, this new rodeo group didn’t even own a horse!

The next ten months were frantic and filled with enthusiasm. When August of 1982 rolled around, 270 CGRA members and over 150 supporters wearing shirts emblazoned with the slogan "Colorado Rides With Pride" arrived for the Reno National Gay Rodeo! This time they even had horses! The entourage included the first mounted gay drill team, the Mile High Square Dancers, the Denver Country Cloggers, candidates for the Mr., Ms., and Miss titles, and 43 rodeo contestants, which comprised two-thirds of the contestants for that rodeo.

Colorado contestants quickly learned that the rules of the rodeo arena changed from one minute to the next and learned from other returning contestants that this had been true in the past. The contestants voiced a wish for uniform rules in order to improve the quality of rodeo and more rodeos in which they could hone their skills.

Why not? A new challenge! Start another rodeo! Colorado returned home and talked rodeo. Practicality clearly indicated Colorado had not raised the amount of money that Texas had and additionally, Texas had a huge population base and an emerging political climate that Colorado could not match.

The Texas Connection
Colorado picked up the gossip from the underground network that there were great Country/Western bars with urban cowboys operating in Dallas, Fort Worth, Houston, Austin, and San Antonio. Having already made a few Texas friends in Reno, CGRA decided the road to another rodeo led through Texas. A Colorado delegation headed south in the fall of 1982 determined to talk Texas into forming an association and hosting a rodeo.
Wayne Jakino, Rich Rezac, John King, and Kenny Cunitz arrived in Houston and headed for "The Barn." Walter Strickler and Terry Clark operated the club. Both men had been very involved in the efforts to bring Texas to Reno. The "Brazos River Bottom" was the hot country-dance bar and the target for added support in the rodeo effort. Discussions were positive, but Houston leaders were very hesitant to go forward. The official answer was, "You stage a rodeo in Colorado and we will work hard to support you." If you ever bump into Rezac, Cunitz, or the security guard from the Allen Park Inn in Houston, be sure and ask about the "Ester Williams Midnight Synchronized Diving Exhibition!"

The Colorado delegation was not discouraged. San Antonio and the much-talked-about "Snuffy’s Saloon" were just up the road. Ron Weaver and Swampy were great hosts and Snuffy’s was hopping, but the official answer was, "You stage a rodeo in Colorado and we will work hard to support you."

The city of Austin was a short drive away, but the group hit this one cold turkey. The target was called "The Red River Crossing" and the people were really friendly. After a really good time, there was no official answer, but some really nice people said, "If Colorado does stage a rodeo, we will sure come to see it!"

Okay, so Fort Worth and Dallas were just up the road! A stop at "The 651 Club" in Fort Worth netted support from some really helpful cowboys and they escorted the group over to Dallas. It took all of two minutes in "The Roundup" to meet Tom Sweeney and Richard Montgomery. The Roundup was "The Mecca" for the "Urban Cowboy" and everybody was ready to rodeo, but not in Texas and not after Colorado had talked to Houston first. Colorado did get a very sincere official answer, "You stage a rodeo in Colorado and we will work hard to support you."

The delegation headed home to Colorado fully convinced. If the five largest cities in Texas were coming to the Colorado Rodeo, it was time to start organizing.

Back to the Colorado Connection
CGRA had little problem getting a vote of approval from its membership to stage a rodeo so the committee went to work. To be politically correct, the rodeo needed to be two months in front of the Reno rodeo, since that one was called the "National" Reno Gay Rodeo. As sort of preliminary competition and hoping to provide ownership of an event to a much larger area, the rodeo was established as the "Rocky Mountain Regional Rodeo."
Everything was rosy, except that CGRA could not land rodeo grounds. The answer was a flat "NO" or more delicately phrased, the answer was, "and we would be delighted to book your rodeo. What date were you wanting?" or "Oh, that date isn’t available!" Nor was any other date for the next ten years. Only days before the decision to postpone the rodeo, an attorney called with the cryptic message that Aurora, Colorado had a "non-discriminating" clause on the use of it’s parks and that an unknown and run down little arena existed on the eastern edge of that city.

History records June 3, 1983 as the date that the Denver metropolitan area became the second location in the United States to stage a gay rodeo. As promised, Texas arrived with major support and additional contestants from California trekked across the country for the first Rocky Mountain Regional Rodeo. Torrential rains hit the rodeo, but too much effort had been spent to let a little water stop the festivities. Colorado’s membership topped 390 by rodeo time.

The Texas Gay Rodeo Association
Terry Clark and Walter Strickler asked the original Colorado delegates to return to Houston for the Gay Pride Celebration in late June 1983. If Colorado could provide the books from their rodeo validating that the rodeo had not lost money, they would invite all interested individuals in Texas to attend a meeting to form the Texas Gay Rodeo Association (TGRA). The Gay Pride Celebration was a success with a reported crowd of 54,000 lining the streets. The vote to proceed to form TGRA was also a success.
Within a few short months, Texas banded together a network inside their largest cities and forged the framework for a multi-city organization. A November 1984 date was targeted to stage the first TGRA rodeo and the search began for rodeo grounds, which were finally located in Simonton, 35 miles outside of Houston. Texas became the third state to stage a gay rodeo.

The California Connection
The "Urban Cowboy" phenomenon also appeared in California in the early eighties. While Fresno and the Bay Area were the most visible at the Reno rodeos, a loosely organized group called the "Pacific Coast Gay Rodeo Association" provided contestants for both the Reno and Colorado rodeos. Hundreds of men and women attended the Reno rodeos, but the man with the burning desire to organize California was in Long Beach.
Al Bell opened "Floyd’s" in Long Beach, which became one of the best Country/Western bars in the Greater Los Angeles area. Bell and Pat McGrath traveled to Reno and Denver and became hooked. As we saw in Colorado and Texas, a mere handful of enthused people is all that is needed to put life into a new association. Bell invited folks from CGRA and TGRA to visit and McGrath leaped into organizing "Floyd’s Cloggers," later to become one of the best-known dance troupes in the nation. The Golden State Gay Rodeo Association (GSGRA) officially organized in 1984 and set a rodeo date for the following March. The Los Angeles Equestrian Center, located in Burbank, became the site for the fourth state to host a gay rodeo. Dozens of dance teams from around the nation performed to huge crowds.

The Arizona Connection
Things were also shaking in Phoenix as early as 1982, when a small group traveled to the Reno rodeo and Tish Tanner won the title of Miss Reno National Gay Rodeo. Arizona would come to life in the fall of 1984 when King decided to open a second "Charlie’s" in Phoenix. The bar opened in early November and since King and Kenny Cunitz lived and breathed rodeo, it was only a matter of weeks before the Arizona Gay Rodeo Association (AGRA) formed. In December 1984 the new group targeted January of 1986 for their first rodeo.
Arizona became the fifth state to host a gay rodeo and the event took place in the most unique arena facility on the south side of Phoenix: a Mexican Charro rodeo arena with an attached dance hall known as the Corona Ranch.

Would Gay Rodeo Have a Future?
With four rodeos now scheduled and more contestants joining each day, Jakino felt that an umbrella organization was needed to provide unity between the rodeos and fully standardized rules for the contestants, as well as guiding the growth of gay rodeo’s future. Leaders from Colorado, Texas, California, and Arizona were invited to Phoenix for a preliminary discussion. Jakino and Jesser from Colorado, Clark and Strickler from Texas, Bell and McGrath from California, and King and Cunitz from Arizona all agreed to proceed to organize the umbrella organization.
The Articles of Incorporation of the "International Gay Rodeo Association" were filed in Colorado and the four associations met again in March of 1985, in Denver, and elected a temporary board with Jakino presiding. A formal convention date was scheduled for September of 1985, again in Denver, to standardized rodeo rules and plan objectives for growth.

The Oklahoma Connection
The "Urban Cowboy" syndrome was alive in Oklahoma, too. Les Krambeal and Walt Rupprecht had been to Reno and owned a great bar in Oklahoma City called "The Bunkhouse." Krambeal made contact with CGRA members and asked for guidelines to help organize the Oklahoma Gay Rodeo Association (OGRA) in the summer of 1985. When Krambeal learned that there was a scheduled convention to finalize a new organization in Denver that September, both Krambeal and Rupprecht lit every fire necessary to prepare the framework for OGRA and made plans to appear at this convention and ask for recognition of their state association.
OGRA was accepted at the IGRA convention in Denver and truly became the unabashed joyful child of the rodeo world. Friends from Colorado went to Oklahoma City often and OGRA’s enthusiasm was contagious. By the fall of 1985, Oklahoma announced they had scheduled a rodeo for July 1986.

The International Gay Rodeo Association
With ten years of gay rodeo history already in the record books, a gathering of rodeo junkies gathered to formalize the future of gay rodeo in Denver in September of 1985. Nine months of preparation already had been invested in efforts to assure the continuity, growth, and heritage of the Country/Western lifestyle in the gay community. Colorado, Texas, California, and Arizona were each represented by five delegates. The convention opened by recognizing the newly formed Oklahoma Gay Rodeo Association and their four delegates.
The five founding states of the International Gay Rodeo Association (IGRA) elected Jakino as their Founding President and formally adopted the Articles of Incorporation in the state of Colorado. They ratified the bylaws, approved events, standardized rodeo rules, and committed the organization to the fostering of national and international amateur rodeo and other equestrian competition and related arts, crafts and activities which encourage the education on or preservation of "Country/Western" lifestyle heritage.

History has recorded 14 gay rodeos (nine Reno rodeos, three Colorado rodeos, one Texas rodeo and one California rodeo) prior to the formation of IGRA. The convention also scheduled the sanctioned rodeo season for 1986, running from November 1, 1985 to October 31, 1996:

Texas – November, 1985
Arizona – January, 1986
California – March, 1986
Colorado – June, 1986
Oklahoma – July, 1986
Convention – September, 1986 (in Denver)
During 1986, interest in gay rodeo continued to grow and Oklahoma passed their enthusiasm into surrounding states. The second IGRA Annual Convention in Denver welcomed and seated the Kansas Gay Rodeo Association (KGRA), the Missouri Gay Rodeo Association (MGRA), and the New Mexico Gay Rodeo Association (NMGRA). This convention also approved a new framework for the IGRA bylaws to allow future growth. They also accepted a bid from California to host the first IGRA Finals Rodeo in Hayward, California at the end of the 1986 rodeo year.

Rosetta Stone at the British Museum
dispute credit report
Image by Chris Devers
Pasting from the Wikipedia page on the Rosetta Stone:

[[[

The Rosetta Stone is an Ancient Egyptian artifact which was instrumental in advancing modern understanding of Egyptian hieroglyphic writing. The stone is a Ptolemaic era stele with carved text made up of three translations of a single passage: two in Egyptian language scripts (hieroglyphic and Demotic) and one in classical Greek. It was created in 196 BC, discovered by the French in 1799 at Rosetta, and transported to England in 1802. Once in Europe, it contributed greatly to the deciphering of the principles of hieroglyph writing, through the work of the British scientist Thomas Young and the French scholar Jean-François Champollion. Comparative translation of the stone assisted in understanding many previously undecipherable examples of hieroglyphic writing. The text on the stone is a decree from Ptolemy V, describing the repeal of various taxes and instructions to erect statues in temples. Two Egyptian-Greek multilingual steles predated Ptolemy V’s Rosetta Stone: Ptolemy III‘s Decree of Canopus, 239 BC, and Ptolemy IV‘s Decree of Memphis, ca 218 BC.

The Rosetta Stone is 114.4 centimetres (45.0 in) high at its highest point, 72.3 centimetres (28.5 in) wide, and 27.9 centimetres (11.0 in) thick.[1] It is unfinished on its sides and reverse. Weighing approximately 760 kilograms (1,700 lb), it was originally thought to be granite or basalt but is currently described as granodiorite of a dark grey-pinkish colour.[2] The stone has been on public display at The British Museum since 1802.

Contents

1 History of the Rosetta Stone
•• 1.1 Modern-era discovery
•• 1.2 Translation
•• 1.3 Recent history
2 Inscription
3 Idiomatic use
4 See also
5 Notes
6 References
7 External links

History of the Rosetta Stone

Modern-era discovery

In preparation for Napoleon‘s 1798 campaign in Egypt, the French brought with them 167 scientists, scholars and archaeologists known as the ‘savants’. French Army engineer Lieutenant Pierre-François Bouchard discovered the stone sometime in mid-July 1799, first official mention of the find being made after the 25th in the meeting of the savants’ Institut d’Égypte in Cairo. It was spotted in the foundations of an old wall, during renovations to Fort Julien near the Egyptian port city of Rashid (Rosetta) and sent down to the Institute headquarters in Cairo. After Napoleon returned to France shortly after the discovery, the savants remained behind with French troops which held off British and Ottoman attacks for a further 18 months. In March 1801, the British landed at Aboukir Bay and scholars carried the Stone from Cairo to Alexandria alongside the troops of Jacques-Francois Menou who marched north to meet the enemy; defeated in battle, Menou and the remnant of his army fled to fortified Alexandria where they were surrounded and immediately placed under siege, the stone now inside the city. Overwhelmed by invading Ottoman troops later reinforced by the British, the remaining French in Cairo capitulated on June 22, and Menou admitted defeat in Alexandria on August 30.[3]

After the surrender, a dispute arose over the fate of French archaeological and scientific discoveries in Egypt. Menou refused to hand them over, claiming they belonged to the Institute. British General John Hely-Hutchinson, 2nd Earl of Donoughmore, refused to relieve the city until de Menou gave in. Newly arrived scholars Edward Daniel Clarke and William Richard Hamilton agreed to check the collections in Alexandria and found many artifacts that the French had not revealed.[citation needed]

When Hutchinson claimed all materials were property of the British Crown, a French scholar, Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, said to Clarke and Hamilton that they would rather burn all their discoveries — referring ominously to the destruction of the Library of Alexandria — than turn them over. Clarke and Hamilton pleaded their case and Hutchinson finally agreed that items such as biology specimens would be the scholars’ private property. But Menou regarded the stone as his private property and hid it.[4]

How exactly the Stone came to British hands is disputed. Colonel Tomkyns Hilgrove Turner, who escorted the stone to Britain, claimed later that he had personally seized it from Menou and carried it away on a gun carriage. In his much more detailed account however, Clarke stated that a French ‘officer and member of the Institute’ had taken him, his student John Cripps, and Hamilton secretly into the back-streets of Alexandria, revealing the stone among Menou’s baggage, hidden under protective carpets. According to Clarke this savant feared for the stone’s safety should any French soldiers see it. Hutchinson was informed at once, and the stone taken away, possibly by Turner and his gun-carriage. French scholars departed later with only imprints and plaster casts of the stone.[5]

Turner brought the stone to Britain aboard the captured French frigate HMS Egyptienne landing in February 1802. On March 11, it was presented to the Society of Antiquaries of London and Stephen Weston played a major role in the early translation. Later it was taken to the British Museum, where it remains to this day. Inscriptions painted in white on the artifact state "Captured in Egypt by the British Army in 1801" on the left side and "Presented by King George III" on the right.

Translation

Experts inspecting the Rosetta Stone during the International Congress of Orientalists of 1874

In 1814, Briton Thomas Young finished translating the enchorial (demotic) text, and began work on the hieroglyphic script but he did not succeed in translating them. From 1822 to 1824 the French scholar, philologist, and orientalist Jean-François Champollion greatly expanded on this work and is credited as the principal translator of the Rosetta Stone. Champollion could read both Greek and Coptic, and figured out what the seven Demotic signs in Coptic were. By looking at how these signs were used in Coptic, he worked out what they meant. Then he traced the Demotic signs back to hieroglyphic signs. By working out what some hieroglyphs stood for, he transliterated the text from the Demotic (or older Coptic) and Greek to the hieroglyphs by first translating Greek names which were originally in Greek, then working towards ancient names that had never been written in any other language. Champollion then created an alphabet to decipher the remaining text.[6]

In 1858, the Philomathean Society of the University of Pennsylvania published the first complete English translation of the Rosetta Stone as accomplished by three of its undergraduate members: Charles R Hale, S Huntington Jones, and Henry Morton.[7]

Recent history

The Rosetta Stone has been exhibited almost continuously in the British Museum since 1802. Toward the end of World War I, in 1917, the Museum was concerned about heavy bombing in London and moved the Rosetta Stone to safety along with other portable objects of value. The Stone spent the next two years in a station on the Postal Tube Railway 50 feet below the ground at Holborn.

The Stone left the British Museum again in October 1972 to be displayed for one month at the Louvre Museum on the 150th anniversary of the decipherment of hieroglyphic writing with the famous Lettre à M. Dacier of Jean-François Champollion.

In July 2003, Egypt requested the return of the Rosetta Stone. Dr. Zahi Hawass, secretary general of the Supreme Council of Antiquities in Cairo, told the press: "If the British want to be remembered, if they want to restore their reputation, they should volunteer to return the Rosetta Stone because it is the icon of our Egyptian identity". In 2005, Hawass was negotiating for a three-month loan, with the eventual goal of a permanent return.[8][9] In November 2005, the British Museum sent him a replica of the stone.[10] In December 2009 Hawass said that he would drop his claim for the return of the Rosetta Stone if the British Museum loaned the stone to Egypt for three months.[11]
Inscription

In essence, the Rosetta Stone is a tax amnesty given to the temple priests of the day, restoring the tax privileges they had traditionally enjoyed from more ancient times. Some scholars speculate that several copies of the Rosetta Stone must exist, as yet undiscovered, since this proclamation must have been made at many temples. The complete Greek portion, translated into English,[12] is about 1600–1700 words in length, and is about 20 paragraphs long (average of 80 words per paragraph):

n the reign of the new king who was Lord of the diadems, great in glory, the stabilizer of Egypt, but also pious in matters relating to the gods, superior to his adversaries, rectifier of the life of men, Lord of the thirty-year periods like Hephaestus the Great, King like the Sun, the Great King of the Upper and Lower Lands, offspring of the Parent-loving gods, whom Hephaestus has approved, to whom the Sun has given victory, living image of Zeus, Son of the Sun, Ptolemy the ever-living, beloved by Ptah;

In the ninth year, when Aëtus, son of Aëtus, was priest of Alexander and of the Savior gods and the Brother gods and the Benefactor gods and the Parent-loving gods and the god Manifest and Gracious; Pyrrha, the daughter of Philinius, being athlophorus for Bernice Euergetis; Areia, the daughter of Diogenes, being canephorus for Arsinoë Philadelphus; Irene, the daughter of Ptolemy, being priestess of Arsinoë Philopator: on the fourth of the month Xanicus, or according to the Egyptians the eighteenth of Mecheir.

THE DECREE: The high priests and prophets, and those who enter the inner shrine in order to robe the gods, and those who wear the hawk’s wing, and the sacred scribes, and all the other priests who have assembled at Memphis before the king, from the various temples throughout the country, for the feast of his receiving the kingdom, even that of Ptolemy the ever-living, beloved by Ptah, the god Manifest and Gracious, which he received from his Father, being assembled in the temple in Memphis this day, declared: Since King Ptolemy, the ever-living, beloved by Ptah, the god Manifest and Gracious, the son of King Ptolemy and Queen Arsinoë, the Parent-loving gods, has done many benefactions to the temples and to those who dwell in them, and also to all those subject to his rule, being from the beginning a god born of a god and a goddess—like Horus, the son of Isis and Osiris, who came to the help of his Father Osiris; being benevolently disposed toward the gods, has concentrated to the temples revenues both of silver and of grain, and has generously undergone many expenses in order to lead Egypt to prosperity and to establish the temples… the gods have rewarded him with health, victory, power, and all other good things, his sovereignty to continue to him and his children forever.[13]

Idiomatic use

The term Rosetta Stone came to be used by philologists to describe any bilingual text with whose help a hitherto unknown language and/or script could be deciphered. For example, the bilingual coins of the Indo-Greeks (Obverse in Greek, reverse in Pali, using the Kharo??hi script), which enabled James Prinsep (1799–1840) to decipher the latter.

Later on, the term gained a wider frequency, also outside the field of linguistics, and has become idiomatic as something that is a critical key to the process of decryption or translation of a difficult encoding of information:

"The Rosetta Stone of immunology"[14] and "Arabidopsis, the Rosetta Stone of flowering time (fossils)".[15] An algorithm for predicting protein structure from sequence is named Rosetta@home. In molecular biology, a series of "Rosetta" bacterial cell lines have been developed that contain a number of tRNA genes that are rare in E. coli but common in other organisms, enabling the efficient translation of DNA from those organisms in E. coli.

"Rosetta" is an online language translation tool to help localisation of software, developed and maintained by Canonical as part of the Launchpad project.

"Rosetta" is the name of a "lightweight dynamic translator" distributed for Mac OS X by Apple. Rosetta enables applications compiled for PowerPC processor to run on Apple systems using x86 processor.

Rosetta Stone is a brand of language learning software published by Rosetta Stone Ltd., headquartered in Arlington, VA, USA.

The Rosetta Project is a global collaboration of language specialists and native speakers to develop a contemporary version of the historic Rosetta Stone to last from 2000 to 12,000 AD. Its goal is a meaningful survey and near permanent archive of 1,500 languages.

Rosetta Stone was also a pseudonym used by Theodor Seuss Geisel (Dr. Seuss) for the book "Because a Little Bug Went Ka-Choo"

See also

Rosetta (disambiguation)
Behistun Inscription
Decree of Canopus, stele no. 1 of the 3-stele series

Notes

• Allen, Don Cameron. "The Predecessors of Champollion", Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, Vol. 144, No. 5. (1960), pp. 527–547
• Adkins, Lesley; Adkins, Roy. The Keys of Egypt: The Obsession to Decipher Egyptian Hieroglyphs. HarperCollins, 2000 ISBN 0-06-019439-1
Budge, E. A. Wallis (1989). The Rosetta Stone. Dover Publications. ISBN 0486261638. http://books.google.com/books?id=RO_m47hLsbAC&printsec=frontcover&dq=rosetta+stone&as_brr=3&sig=ACfU3U1_VaJ_NxkLmbZuYyDLji99DXwY6w
• Downs, Jonathan. Discovery at Rosetta. Skyhorse Publishing, 2008 ISBN 978-1-60239-271-7
• Downs, Jonathan. "Romancing the Stone", History Today, Vol. 56, Issue 5. (May, 2006), pp. 48–54.
• Parkinson, Richard. Cracking Codes: the Rosetta Stone, and Decipherment. University of California Press, 1999 ISBN 0-520-22306-3
• Parkinson, Richard. The Rosetta Stone. Objects in Focus; British Museum Press 2005 ISBN 978-0-7141-5021-5
Ray, John. The Rosetta Stone and the Rebirth of Ancient Egypt. Harvard University Press, 2007 ISBN 978-0-674-02493-9
Reviewed by Jonathon Keats in the Washington Post, July 22, 2007.
• Solé, Robert; Valbelle, Dominique. The Rosetta Stone: The Story of the Decoding of Hieroglyphics. Basic Books, 2002 ISBN 1-56858-226-9
The Gentleman’s Magazine: and Historical Chronicle, 1802: Volume 72: part 1: March: p. 270: Wednesday, March 31.

References

^ "The Rosetta Stone". http://www.britishmuseum.org/explore/highlights/highlight_objects/aes/t/the_rosetta_stone.aspx. Retrieved 2008-05-21. 
^ "History uncovered in conserving the Rosetta Stone". http://www.britishmuseum.org/explore/highlights/article_index/h/history_uncovered_in_conservin.aspx. Retrieved 2008-11-11. 
^ Downs, Jonathan, Discovery at Rosetta, 2008
^ Downs, Jonathan, Discovery at Rosetta, 2008
^ Downs, Jonathan, Discovery at Rosetta, 2008
^ Retrieved on 2008-25-6
^ See University of Pennsylvania, Philomathean Society, Report of the committee [C.R. Hale, S.H. Jones, and Henry Morton], appointed by the society to translate the inscript on the Rosetta stone, Circa 1858 and most likely published in Philadelphia. See later editions of circa 1859 and 1881 by same author, as well as Randolph Greenfield Adams, A Translation of the Rosetta Stone (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1925.) The Philomathean Society holds relevant archival material as well as an original casting.
^ Charlotte Edwardes and Catherine Milner (2003-07-20). "Egypt demands return of the Rosetta Stone". Daily Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/africaandindianocean/egypt/1436606/Egypt-demands-return-of-the-Rosetta-Stone.html. Retrieved 2006-10-05. 
^ Henry Huttinger (2005-07-28). "Stolen Treasures: Zahi Hawass wants the Rosetta Stone back—among other things". Cairo Magazine. http://www.cairomagazine.com/?module=displaystory&story_id=1238&format=html. Retrieved 2006-10-06. [dead link]
^ "The rose of the Nile". Al-Ahram Weekly. 2005-11-30. http://weekly.ahram.org.eg/2005/770/he1.htm. Retrieved 2006-10-06. 
^ [1] "Rosetta Stone row ‘would be solved by loan to Egypt’" BBC News 8 December 2009
^ "Translation of the Greek section of the Rosetta Stone". Reshafim.org.il. http://www.reshafim.org.il/ad/egypt/texts/rosettastone.htm. Retrieved 2009-01-22. 
^ "Text of the Rosetta Stone". http://pw1.netcom.com/~qkstart/rosetta.html. Retrieved 2006-11-26. 
^ The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (2000-09-06). "International Team Accelerates Investigation of Immune-Related Genes". http://www3.niaid.nih.gov/news/newsreleases/2000/ihwg.htm. Retrieved 2006-11-23. 
^ Gordon G. Simpson, Caroline Dean (2002-04-12). "Arabidopsis, the Rosetta Stone of Flowering Time?". http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/296/5566/285?ijkey=zlwRiv/qSEivQ&keytype=ref&siteid=sci. Retrieved 2006-11-23. 

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Rosetta Stone
Wikisource has original text related to this article: Text on the Rosetta Stone in English
Greek Wikisource has original text related to this article: Greek Text from the Rosetta Stone

The Rosetta Stone in The British Museum
More detailed British Museum page on the stone with Curator’s comments and bibliography
The translated text in English – The British Museum
The Finding of the Rosetta Stone
The 1998 conservation and restoration of The Rosetta Stone at The British Museum
Champollion’s alphabet – The British Museum
people.howstuffworks.com/rosetta-stone.htm

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosetta_Stone"

Categories: 196 BC | 2nd century BC | 2nd-century BC steles | 2nd-century BC works | 1st-millennium BC steles | Ancient Egyptian objects in the British Museum | Ancient Egyptian texts | Ancient Egyptian stelas | Antiquities acquired by Napoleon | Egyptology | Metaphors referring to objects | Multilingual texts | Ptolemaic dynasty | Stones | Nile River Delta | Ptolemaic Greek inscriptions | Archaeological corpora documents

]]]

Why you should NEVER Dispute Credit Report Online!!! – Fix Score Now

Why you should NEVER EVER dispute an inaccurate item on your credit report via online! Credit monitoring companies are now offering online disputing process. There are HUGE limitations and drawbacks when it comes to doing the “Expedited Online Disputes”

DO NOT DISPUTE ONLINE!

If you would like my personal help in repairing your credit or fixing a mistake on your credit report, comment down below OR
visit http://www.fixscorenow.com

Burning Male 2012:: Hexayurt Density Map

A few nice dispute credit report images I found:

Burning Man 2012 :: Hexayurt Density Map
dispute credit report
Image by thejaymo
Firstly a huge massive thank you to GeoEye for being super cool and providing me with the full high-res image to do the count this year. I believe the image above isn’t available anywhere else (full size/original image is scaled to 55% as to accommodate flickr’s 50mb image upload cap – if anyone wants the full 150mb image drop me a message via here )

Image
GeoEye‘s annual high resolution picture of Burning Man from the sky, taken on Friday 31st August 2012.
Image: © GeoEye – GeoEye Satellite Image

Pls credit @thejaymo for the eyeball time 😉

A VERY conservative count :: 739 hexayurts

Note :: I counted this map twice and took the lower count.

As far as i can see there were 739 hexayurt shaped structures (with the familiar 3point shine/shade/shadow on the roof) on the playa this year. There are quite a few smaller rectangular shaped structures that are next to / or near hexayurt encampments which may be H2 or H4’s. These were not included in the count as i was uncomfortable making the call, as they may be just shiny tents.

Methodology

I used the 30pt star stamp tool and marked each structure on the map in a new layer on the image.
Unlike last year, where i went around the camp in concentric circles.
this year i split the camp into the 16 quadrants of the camp and worked the count from the centre outwards in each one.

After that i did go round the camp in concentric circles to make sure i hadn’t missed any on the previous passes.

((Also for those that are wondering how i counted the yurts directly under the clouds, i overlayed a resized transparency of the image taken on the 30th (this is the image that is available on the geoeye website)unfortunately due to it being taken from a slightly different direction than this image, things don’t line up *exactly* and i had to keep moving it around by a few pixels or more to make sure everything lined up in whatever section i was looking at. so i removed that transparency in image above))

Observations:

739 hexayurts!!?? Wo0t this is way more than last year, and considering the official population of Black Rock city this year was 1578 people lower this year than last year – which if you do the maths is a 54% increase (by population) on last year.

I feel this is a big win for the project – and quite likely the biggest single deployment of open hardware to date?

I’m not sure how many more hexayurts are going to make it onto the playa next year. Of course i’m hopeful for more! But reports from friends and peeps in the hexayurt google group said it was impossible to get hold of the bidirectional filament tape for construction ANYWHERE in the country – this suggests that Burning Man 2012 exhausted the supply chain with ~750 yurts…

Yurts this year were colored, i saw some pink and purple ones!!

Lastly: Considering it was only 9 years ago that the first hexayurt was built on the playa and the only real investment that has ever been made in the project has been a web domain; I think EVERYONE that has ever built, designed, or contributed their time in anyway to the hexayurt project should feel tremendously proud.

Other Thoughts

Apart from seeing a few tri and quad domes, i *think* i might have seen a hexaplex which has never been built before, it looks like the same material – i included it in the count both times – but in my mind it’s definitely in dispute. so i’m mentioning it.

Lots of more words written in the sand this year. <3 that

There are more than one group of people standing in a heart shape – did they know the satellite was passing over?

On the the bottom right of the camp, there is a huge red arrow.

Informal tracks, walkways, and roundabouts that run through and across the camps that break with and stand out from the geometry/layout of the camp, but can only be seen on close observation of the camp.

Maybe someone who reads this could maybe fly a homemade drone and get a HUGE detailed image next year?

i *STILL* want to go to burning man :C

this was cross posted to my blog :: here

Rosetta Stone at the British Museum
dispute credit report
Image by Chris Devers
Pasting from the Wikipedia page on the Rosetta Stone:

[[[

The Rosetta Stone is an Ancient Egyptian artifact which was instrumental in advancing modern understanding of Egyptian hieroglyphic writing. The stone is a Ptolemaic era stele with carved text made up of three translations of a single passage: two in Egyptian language scripts (hieroglyphic and Demotic) and one in classical Greek. It was created in 196 BC, discovered by the French in 1799 at Rosetta, and transported to England in 1802. Once in Europe, it contributed greatly to the deciphering of the principles of hieroglyph writing, through the work of the British scientist Thomas Young and the French scholar Jean-François Champollion. Comparative translation of the stone assisted in understanding many previously undecipherable examples of hieroglyphic writing. The text on the stone is a decree from Ptolemy V, describing the repeal of various taxes and instructions to erect statues in temples. Two Egyptian-Greek multilingual steles predated Ptolemy V’s Rosetta Stone: Ptolemy III‘s Decree of Canopus, 239 BC, and Ptolemy IV‘s Decree of Memphis, ca 218 BC.

The Rosetta Stone is 114.4 centimetres (45.0 in) high at its highest point, 72.3 centimetres (28.5 in) wide, and 27.9 centimetres (11.0 in) thick.[1] It is unfinished on its sides and reverse. Weighing approximately 760 kilograms (1,700 lb), it was originally thought to be granite or basalt but is currently described as granodiorite of a dark grey-pinkish colour.[2] The stone has been on public display at The British Museum since 1802.

Contents

1 History of the Rosetta Stone
•• 1.1 Modern-era discovery
•• 1.2 Translation
•• 1.3 Recent history
2 Inscription
3 Idiomatic use
4 See also
5 Notes
6 References
7 External links

History of the Rosetta Stone

Modern-era discovery

In preparation for Napoleon‘s 1798 campaign in Egypt, the French brought with them 167 scientists, scholars and archaeologists known as the ‘savants’. French Army engineer Lieutenant Pierre-François Bouchard discovered the stone sometime in mid-July 1799, first official mention of the find being made after the 25th in the meeting of the savants’ Institut d’Égypte in Cairo. It was spotted in the foundations of an old wall, during renovations to Fort Julien near the Egyptian port city of Rashid (Rosetta) and sent down to the Institute headquarters in Cairo. After Napoleon returned to France shortly after the discovery, the savants remained behind with French troops which held off British and Ottoman attacks for a further 18 months. In March 1801, the British landed at Aboukir Bay and scholars carried the Stone from Cairo to Alexandria alongside the troops of Jacques-Francois Menou who marched north to meet the enemy; defeated in battle, Menou and the remnant of his army fled to fortified Alexandria where they were surrounded and immediately placed under siege, the stone now inside the city. Overwhelmed by invading Ottoman troops later reinforced by the British, the remaining French in Cairo capitulated on June 22, and Menou admitted defeat in Alexandria on August 30.[3]

After the surrender, a dispute arose over the fate of French archaeological and scientific discoveries in Egypt. Menou refused to hand them over, claiming they belonged to the Institute. British General John Hely-Hutchinson, 2nd Earl of Donoughmore, refused to relieve the city until de Menou gave in. Newly arrived scholars Edward Daniel Clarke and William Richard Hamilton agreed to check the collections in Alexandria and found many artifacts that the French had not revealed.[citation needed]

When Hutchinson claimed all materials were property of the British Crown, a French scholar, Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, said to Clarke and Hamilton that they would rather burn all their discoveries — referring ominously to the destruction of the Library of Alexandria — than turn them over. Clarke and Hamilton pleaded their case and Hutchinson finally agreed that items such as biology specimens would be the scholars’ private property. But Menou regarded the stone as his private property and hid it.[4]

How exactly the Stone came to British hands is disputed. Colonel Tomkyns Hilgrove Turner, who escorted the stone to Britain, claimed later that he had personally seized it from Menou and carried it away on a gun carriage. In his much more detailed account however, Clarke stated that a French ‘officer and member of the Institute’ had taken him, his student John Cripps, and Hamilton secretly into the back-streets of Alexandria, revealing the stone among Menou’s baggage, hidden under protective carpets. According to Clarke this savant feared for the stone’s safety should any French soldiers see it. Hutchinson was informed at once, and the stone taken away, possibly by Turner and his gun-carriage. French scholars departed later with only imprints and plaster casts of the stone.[5]

Turner brought the stone to Britain aboard the captured French frigate HMS Egyptienne landing in February 1802. On March 11, it was presented to the Society of Antiquaries of London and Stephen Weston played a major role in the early translation. Later it was taken to the British Museum, where it remains to this day. Inscriptions painted in white on the artifact state "Captured in Egypt by the British Army in 1801" on the left side and "Presented by King George III" on the right.

Translation

Experts inspecting the Rosetta Stone during the International Congress of Orientalists of 1874

In 1814, Briton Thomas Young finished translating the enchorial (demotic) text, and began work on the hieroglyphic script but he did not succeed in translating them. From 1822 to 1824 the French scholar, philologist, and orientalist Jean-François Champollion greatly expanded on this work and is credited as the principal translator of the Rosetta Stone. Champollion could read both Greek and Coptic, and figured out what the seven Demotic signs in Coptic were. By looking at how these signs were used in Coptic, he worked out what they meant. Then he traced the Demotic signs back to hieroglyphic signs. By working out what some hieroglyphs stood for, he transliterated the text from the Demotic (or older Coptic) and Greek to the hieroglyphs by first translating Greek names which were originally in Greek, then working towards ancient names that had never been written in any other language. Champollion then created an alphabet to decipher the remaining text.[6]

In 1858, the Philomathean Society of the University of Pennsylvania published the first complete English translation of the Rosetta Stone as accomplished by three of its undergraduate members: Charles R Hale, S Huntington Jones, and Henry Morton.[7]

Recent history

The Rosetta Stone has been exhibited almost continuously in the British Museum since 1802. Toward the end of World War I, in 1917, the Museum was concerned about heavy bombing in London and moved the Rosetta Stone to safety along with other portable objects of value. The Stone spent the next two years in a station on the Postal Tube Railway 50 feet below the ground at Holborn.

The Stone left the British Museum again in October 1972 to be displayed for one month at the Louvre Museum on the 150th anniversary of the decipherment of hieroglyphic writing with the famous Lettre à M. Dacier of Jean-François Champollion.

In July 2003, Egypt requested the return of the Rosetta Stone. Dr. Zahi Hawass, secretary general of the Supreme Council of Antiquities in Cairo, told the press: "If the British want to be remembered, if they want to restore their reputation, they should volunteer to return the Rosetta Stone because it is the icon of our Egyptian identity". In 2005, Hawass was negotiating for a three-month loan, with the eventual goal of a permanent return.[8][9] In November 2005, the British Museum sent him a replica of the stone.[10] In December 2009 Hawass said that he would drop his claim for the return of the Rosetta Stone if the British Museum loaned the stone to Egypt for three months.[11]
Inscription

In essence, the Rosetta Stone is a tax amnesty given to the temple priests of the day, restoring the tax privileges they had traditionally enjoyed from more ancient times. Some scholars speculate that several copies of the Rosetta Stone must exist, as yet undiscovered, since this proclamation must have been made at many temples. The complete Greek portion, translated into English,[12] is about 1600–1700 words in length, and is about 20 paragraphs long (average of 80 words per paragraph):

n the reign of the new king who was Lord of the diadems, great in glory, the stabilizer of Egypt, but also pious in matters relating to the gods, superior to his adversaries, rectifier of the life of men, Lord of the thirty-year periods like Hephaestus the Great, King like the Sun, the Great King of the Upper and Lower Lands, offspring of the Parent-loving gods, whom Hephaestus has approved, to whom the Sun has given victory, living image of Zeus, Son of the Sun, Ptolemy the ever-living, beloved by Ptah;

In the ninth year, when Aëtus, son of Aëtus, was priest of Alexander and of the Savior gods and the Brother gods and the Benefactor gods and the Parent-loving gods and the god Manifest and Gracious; Pyrrha, the daughter of Philinius, being athlophorus for Bernice Euergetis; Areia, the daughter of Diogenes, being canephorus for Arsinoë Philadelphus; Irene, the daughter of Ptolemy, being priestess of Arsinoë Philopator: on the fourth of the month Xanicus, or according to the Egyptians the eighteenth of Mecheir.

THE DECREE: The high priests and prophets, and those who enter the inner shrine in order to robe the gods, and those who wear the hawk’s wing, and the sacred scribes, and all the other priests who have assembled at Memphis before the king, from the various temples throughout the country, for the feast of his receiving the kingdom, even that of Ptolemy the ever-living, beloved by Ptah, the god Manifest and Gracious, which he received from his Father, being assembled in the temple in Memphis this day, declared: Since King Ptolemy, the ever-living, beloved by Ptah, the god Manifest and Gracious, the son of King Ptolemy and Queen Arsinoë, the Parent-loving gods, has done many benefactions to the temples and to those who dwell in them, and also to all those subject to his rule, being from the beginning a god born of a god and a goddess—like Horus, the son of Isis and Osiris, who came to the help of his Father Osiris; being benevolently disposed toward the gods, has concentrated to the temples revenues both of silver and of grain, and has generously undergone many expenses in order to lead Egypt to prosperity and to establish the temples… the gods have rewarded him with health, victory, power, and all other good things, his sovereignty to continue to him and his children forever.[13]

Idiomatic use

The term Rosetta Stone came to be used by philologists to describe any bilingual text with whose help a hitherto unknown language and/or script could be deciphered. For example, the bilingual coins of the Indo-Greeks (Obverse in Greek, reverse in Pali, using the Kharo??hi script), which enabled James Prinsep (1799–1840) to decipher the latter.

Later on, the term gained a wider frequency, also outside the field of linguistics, and has become idiomatic as something that is a critical key to the process of decryption or translation of a difficult encoding of information:

"The Rosetta Stone of immunology"[14] and "Arabidopsis, the Rosetta Stone of flowering time (fossils)".[15] An algorithm for predicting protein structure from sequence is named Rosetta@home. In molecular biology, a series of "Rosetta" bacterial cell lines have been developed that contain a number of tRNA genes that are rare in E. coli but common in other organisms, enabling the efficient translation of DNA from those organisms in E. coli.

"Rosetta" is an online language translation tool to help localisation of software, developed and maintained by Canonical as part of the Launchpad project.

"Rosetta" is the name of a "lightweight dynamic translator" distributed for Mac OS X by Apple. Rosetta enables applications compiled for PowerPC processor to run on Apple systems using x86 processor.

Rosetta Stone is a brand of language learning software published by Rosetta Stone Ltd., headquartered in Arlington, VA, USA.

The Rosetta Project is a global collaboration of language specialists and native speakers to develop a contemporary version of the historic Rosetta Stone to last from 2000 to 12,000 AD. Its goal is a meaningful survey and near permanent archive of 1,500 languages.

Rosetta Stone was also a pseudonym used by Theodor Seuss Geisel (Dr. Seuss) for the book "Because a Little Bug Went Ka-Choo"

See also

Rosetta (disambiguation)
Behistun Inscription
Decree of Canopus, stele no. 1 of the 3-stele series

Notes

• Allen, Don Cameron. "The Predecessors of Champollion", Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, Vol. 144, No. 5. (1960), pp. 527–547
• Adkins, Lesley; Adkins, Roy. The Keys of Egypt: The Obsession to Decipher Egyptian Hieroglyphs. HarperCollins, 2000 ISBN 0-06-019439-1
Budge, E. A. Wallis (1989). The Rosetta Stone. Dover Publications. ISBN 0486261638. http://books.google.com/books?id=RO_m47hLsbAC&printsec=frontcover&dq=rosetta+stone&as_brr=3&sig=ACfU3U1_VaJ_NxkLmbZuYyDLji99DXwY6w
• Downs, Jonathan. Discovery at Rosetta. Skyhorse Publishing, 2008 ISBN 978-1-60239-271-7
• Downs, Jonathan. "Romancing the Stone", History Today, Vol. 56, Issue 5. (May, 2006), pp. 48–54.
• Parkinson, Richard. Cracking Codes: the Rosetta Stone, and Decipherment. University of California Press, 1999 ISBN 0-520-22306-3
• Parkinson, Richard. The Rosetta Stone. Objects in Focus; British Museum Press 2005 ISBN 978-0-7141-5021-5
Ray, John. The Rosetta Stone and the Rebirth of Ancient Egypt. Harvard University Press, 2007 ISBN 978-0-674-02493-9
Reviewed by Jonathon Keats in the Washington Post, July 22, 2007.
• Solé, Robert; Valbelle, Dominique. The Rosetta Stone: The Story of the Decoding of Hieroglyphics. Basic Books, 2002 ISBN 1-56858-226-9
The Gentleman’s Magazine: and Historical Chronicle, 1802: Volume 72: part 1: March: p. 270: Wednesday, March 31.

References

^ "The Rosetta Stone". http://www.britishmuseum.org/explore/highlights/highlight_objects/aes/t/the_rosetta_stone.aspx. Retrieved 2008-05-21. 
^ "History uncovered in conserving the Rosetta Stone". http://www.britishmuseum.org/explore/highlights/article_index/h/history_uncovered_in_conservin.aspx. Retrieved 2008-11-11. 
^ Downs, Jonathan, Discovery at Rosetta, 2008
^ Downs, Jonathan, Discovery at Rosetta, 2008
^ Downs, Jonathan, Discovery at Rosetta, 2008
^ Retrieved on 2008-25-6
^ See University of Pennsylvania, Philomathean Society, Report of the committee [C.R. Hale, S.H. Jones, and Henry Morton], appointed by the society to translate the inscript on the Rosetta stone, Circa 1858 and most likely published in Philadelphia. See later editions of circa 1859 and 1881 by same author, as well as Randolph Greenfield Adams, A Translation of the Rosetta Stone (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1925.) The Philomathean Society holds relevant archival material as well as an original casting.
^ Charlotte Edwardes and Catherine Milner (2003-07-20). "Egypt demands return of the Rosetta Stone". Daily Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/africaandindianocean/egypt/1436606/Egypt-demands-return-of-the-Rosetta-Stone.html. Retrieved 2006-10-05. 
^ Henry Huttinger (2005-07-28). "Stolen Treasures: Zahi Hawass wants the Rosetta Stone back—among other things". Cairo Magazine. http://www.cairomagazine.com/?module=displaystory&story_id=1238&format=html. Retrieved 2006-10-06. [dead link]
^ "The rose of the Nile". Al-Ahram Weekly. 2005-11-30. http://weekly.ahram.org.eg/2005/770/he1.htm. Retrieved 2006-10-06. 
^ [1] "Rosetta Stone row ‘would be solved by loan to Egypt’" BBC News 8 December 2009
^ "Translation of the Greek section of the Rosetta Stone". Reshafim.org.il. http://www.reshafim.org.il/ad/egypt/texts/rosettastone.htm. Retrieved 2009-01-22. 
^ "Text of the Rosetta Stone". http://pw1.netcom.com/~qkstart/rosetta.html. Retrieved 2006-11-26. 
^ The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (2000-09-06). "International Team Accelerates Investigation of Immune-Related Genes". http://www3.niaid.nih.gov/news/newsreleases/2000/ihwg.htm. Retrieved 2006-11-23. 
^ Gordon G. Simpson, Caroline Dean (2002-04-12). "Arabidopsis, the Rosetta Stone of Flowering Time?". http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/296/5566/285?ijkey=zlwRiv/qSEivQ&keytype=ref&siteid=sci. Retrieved 2006-11-23. 

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Rosetta Stone
Wikisource has original text related to this article: Text on the Rosetta Stone in English
Greek Wikisource has original text related to this article: Greek Text from the Rosetta Stone

The Rosetta Stone in The British Museum
More detailed British Museum page on the stone with Curator’s comments and bibliography
The translated text in English – The British Museum
The Finding of the Rosetta Stone
The 1998 conservation and restoration of The Rosetta Stone at The British Museum
Champollion’s alphabet – The British Museum
people.howstuffworks.com/rosetta-stone.htm

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosetta_Stone"

Categories: 196 BC | 2nd century BC | 2nd-century BC steles | 2nd-century BC works | 1st-millennium BC steles | Ancient Egyptian objects in the British Museum | Ancient Egyptian texts | Ancient Egyptian stelas | Antiquities acquired by Napoleon | Egyptology | Metaphors referring to objects | Multilingual texts | Ptolemaic dynasty | Stones | Nile River Delta | Ptolemaic Greek inscriptions | Archaeological corpora documents

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Died before their time

Browse these dispute credit history pictures:

Died before their particular time
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artists who passed away young. Therefore younger, in fact, that lots of regarding the performers on the after listing didn’t attain their 40th birthday.

John Henry Bonham (31 May 1948 – 25 September 1980) ended up being an English musician and songwriter, most widely known while the drummer of Led Zeppelin. Bonham ended up being esteemed for his rate, energy, quickly correct base, unique noise, and "feel" for groove. He is commonly regarded as one of the best drummers in the history of rock songs. Moving Stone visitors named him the "best drummer of most time" in 2011.

www.youtube.com/watch?v=1MenwABGuYM

Death

On 24 September 1980, Bonham was obtained by Led Zeppelin associate Rex King to go to rehearsals at Bray Studios for an upcoming tour for the United States—the band’s very first since 1977. During journey, Bonham requested to prevent for breakfast, in which he consumed four quadruple vodkas (sixteen shots, between 400–560 ml). Then proceeded to drink greatly after reaching the rehearsals.

They stopped rehearsing late later in the day together with band retired to Page’s residence, the Old Mill House in Clewer, Windsor. After midnight on 25 September, Bonham dropped asleep; someone took him to sleep and placed him on their part. Benji LeFevre (who’d replaced Richard Cole as Led Zeppelin’s trip manager) and John Paul Jones found him dead next mid-day. Bonham had been 32 yrs . old.

Within coroner’s inquest it appeared that inside twenty four hours before he passed away, Bonham consumed around forty shots (1-1.4 liters) of 40% ABV vodka, and he vomited and aspirated the vomitus, causing asphyxiation. A verdict of accidental death was came back at the inquest, held on 27 October 1980. An autopsy discovered hardly any other drugs in Bonham’s human body.

Colin Flooks (29 December 1947 – 5 April 1998), better-known as Cozy Powell, had been an English stone drummer, just who made his title with many significant stone rings just like the Jeff Beck Group, Rainbow, Whitesnake and Black Sabbath.

www.youtube.com/watch?v=NO_fx1WshCA

Demise

THE 70S’ rocker Cozy Powell, whom when stated that he drove vehicles like he drummed – madly – was in the phone to their gf while he hurtled down a motorway at 104mph without using his seatbelt, an inquest heard.

Powell passed away on 5 April 1998 after a vehicle accident while driving their Saab 9000 at 104 mph (167 km/h) in inclement weather regarding M4 motorway near Bristol.

Powell had been dating a married lady who was having difficulties along with her husband. Upset, she phoned him on 5 April 1998 and requested him to come quickly to her household that was roughly 35 miles away. As he ended up being driving to her house she phoned him once again and asked "Where are you?" He informed her he had been on their way after which she heard him say "Oh shit!" accompanied by a loud bang.

Powell was ejected through the windscreen and died during the scene. According to the BBC report, during the crash Powell’s blood-alcohol reading had been within the legal restriction, and then he had not been putting on a seat belt, besides chatting with his girlfriend on their mobile. The state investigation additionally found proof of a slow puncture in a rear tyre that, it was suggested, might have triggered an abrupt collapse associated with the tyre with a consequent lack of control of the automobile.

In a declaration, Ms Reeve said that Powell had just told her he was having issues finding 5th equipment, and hoped the engine will never seize up as he ended up being going therefore quickly.

After that she heard him state: "Oh shit", therefore the range went silent.

She kept attempting to ring him straight back until she realised something was incorrect and called the authorities. Powell, 50, had been found to-be a little over the drink-drive limitation after the vehicle spun, strike the central kerb, and found rest on its roofing.

Paul Forrest, the Bristol coroner, recorded a verdict of accidental demise.

Apparently Cozy was alone in the Saab 9000 when he lost control on M4 motorway, and crashed between junctions 18 and 19 near Bristol. He passed away of their accidents in the hospital.

Mr Powell, who was simply on the drink-drive limitation and not using a seat-belt, had reported which he was having trouble finding 5th equipment and stated he hoped the engine wouldn’t seize up because he was operating so fast.

The Saab experienced a rear tyre puncture fleetingly a short while later that sent it spinning-out of control. It strike the central reservation and rolled several times before coming to rest on a grass verge.

Pc Ian Cater, who had been off-duty and going into the opposing direction during the time of the accident, said he saw Mr Powell’s vehicle come "cartwheeling" past him before it arrived on its roof.

Cozy’s funeral were held on Saturday 18 April at a crematorium in Wiltshire, which will be about 90 kilometers west of London. It was a straightforward service, with hymns and prayers, also a reading by a pal of Cozy’s, keyboard player Jim Johnson, and a difficult tribute by certainly one of Cozy’s nearest friends, Frank Aiello, who was the singer with Bedlam and Hammer. The solution finished with ‘Let It Be’ by the Beatles.

There were dozens of floral arrangements and wreaths, with emails of sympathy from Tony Iommi, Geoff Nicholls, Tony Martin, David Coverdale and many others. Those going to directly included Brian May, Jeff Beck, Peter Green, Don Airey, Glen Tipton (Judas Priest), Denny Ball (Bedlam), Spike Edney and Jamie Moses (Brian May Band) with family unit members also friends. There are not any definite programs for a memorial/tribute event, but I’m certain that something is likely to be organised after folks have had time and energy to conquer the initial surprise of Cozy’s death.

He was residing at Lambourn in Berkshire at that time together with returned to the studio fleetingly before his demise to record with Fleetwood Mac co-founder Peter Green. At the time of death Cozy had recently needed to grab of trip rehearsals with Yngwie Malmsteen, having suffered an accident in a motorcycle accident. One of his final calls, to his fanclub editor, would be to express stress about any of it, but also enthusiasm of after that upcoming Brian might tour. By that time, he’d already been the drummer on about 66 records with minor efforts on a number of other recordings. Many rock drummers have mentioned him as a significant impact.

Stuart Fergusson Victor Sutcliffe (23 June 1940 – 10 April 1962) was a Scottish-born singer and musician best-known due to the fact original bassist for Beatles. Sutcliffe left the band to pursue their career as an artist, having formerly attended the Liverpool College of Art. Sutcliffe and John Lennon tend to be credited with inventing the name, "Beetles", while they both liked friend Holly’s musical organization, the Crickets. The band utilized this title for a while until Lennon decided to change the title to "the Beatles", from the word Beat. As a part associated with the group with regards to ended up being a five-piece band, Sutcliffe is one of a number of people often referred to as the "Fifth Beatle".

When the Beatles played in Hamburg, he came across photographer Astrid Kirchherr, to whom he was later on involved. After making the Beatles, he enrolled in the Hamburg university of Art, studying under future pop musician, Eduardo Paolozzi, just who later composed a study stating that Sutcliffe was one of is own most useful pupils. Sutcliffe earned various other praise for their paintings, which mainly explored a method associated with abstract expressionism.

www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Z1WMTjyJfM

Demise

While learning in Germany, Sutcliffe started experiencing severe problems and intense sensitiveness to light. In the 1st times of April 1962, he folded in the middle of an art form course after complaining of head discomforts. German medical practioners performed numerous inspections, but were unable to look for the specific cause of his headaches. On 10 April 1962, he was taken to hospital, but passed away inside ambulance on the way. The cause of death was later revealed having been an aneurysm in his mind’s correct hemisphere.

Otis Ray Redding, Jr. (September 9, 1941 – December 10, 1967) was an US singer-songwriter, record producer, arranger and skill scout. He is considered one of the best vocalists when you look at the reputation for US well-known music and a seminal singer in soul and rhythm and blues. Their singing design had been powerfully important among soul musicians of sixties and assisted exemplify the Stax sound.

www.youtube.com/watch?v=UCmUhYSr-e4

Death

By 1967 the musical organization was traveling to gigs on Redding’s Beechcraft H18. On December 9, 1967, they showed up regarding the positive tv series produced in Cleveland. They played three concerts in two evenings at a small club called Leo’s Casino. After a phone call with Zelma and kids, Redding’s after that stop ended up being Madison, Wisconsin; the following day they certainly were to relax and play at the Factory nightclub near the University of Wisconsin.

Although the climate was bad, with heavy rainfall and fog and despite warnings, the plane became popular. Four miles from their particular destination at Truax Field in Madison, the pilot radioed for authorization to secure. Shortly thereafter, the airplane crashed into Lake Monona.

Bar-Kays user Ben Cauley, the accident’s only survivor, had been resting shortly ahead of the accident. He woke just before impact to see bandmate Phalon Jones look out a screen and exclaim, "Oh, no!" Cauley stated the last thing he remembered before the crash ended up being unbuckling their seat-belt. Then he discovered himself in frigid liquid, grasping a seat support maintain afloat.

A non-swimmer, he had been unable to rescue others. The reason for the crash was never ever determined. James Brown claimed in his autobiography, The Godfather of Soul, that he had warned Redding never to travel into the airplane.

Aretha Franklin stated, "I heard it on the television. My sibling Caroline and I also ended every thing and stayed glued to your TV and radio. It had been a tragedy. Shocking."

Other sufferers had been pilot Richard Fraser, drummer Matthew Kelly, lead guitar player of this Bar-Kays Jimmy King, tenor saxophonist Phalon Jones, organist Ronnie Caldwell and drummer Carl Cunningham.

Redding’s human body had been recovered a day later whenever pond sleep ended up being looked. The family postponed the funeral from December 15 to December 18 in order for more could go to.

The solution occurred on City Auditorium in Macon. Significantly more than 4,500 individuals found the funeral, overflowing the 3,000-seat hallway, although many did not know which he had been. Johnny Jenkins and Isaac Hayes would not come, fearing their particular response could be worse than Zelma Redding’s.

Redding was entombed at their ranch in Round Oak, about 20 kilometers (32 km) north of Macon. Jerry Wexler delivered the eulogy. Redding died only 3 days after recording Dock associated with the Bay. He was survived by Zelma and three children, Otis III, Dexter and Karla. Otis, Dexter and relative Mark Lockett later founded the Reddings, a band handled by Zelma.

She also maintained or worked within janitorial solution Maids Over Macon, a number of clubs and booking agencies. On November 8, 1997, a memorial plaque had been positioned on the lakeside deck for the Madison convention center, Monona Terrace.

Marvin Gaye (April 2, 1939 – April 1, 1984), created Marvin Pentz Gay, Jr., was an US singer-songwriter and musician.

Gaye aided to shape the sound of Motown reports within the 1960s with a string of hits, including "How nice it really is (become Loved By You)" and "I Heard It Through the Grapevine", and duet recordings with Mary Wells and Tammi Terrell, later earning the titles "Prince of Motown" and "Prince of Soul". During the 1970s, he recorded the style albums what are you doing and Let’s Get It On and became one of the primary artists in Motown to break out of the reins of their manufacturing business.

www.youtube.com/watch?v=rjlSiASsUIs

Demise

The Reverend Marvin Pentz Gay Sr. (October 1, 1914 – October 10, 1998) ended up being an US minister of the House of God. He was the daddy of American recording musician Marvin Gaye and gained notoriety after shooting and killing him on April 1, 1984 following a quarrel at their particular l . a . residence.

At around 11:38 am (PST) on April 1, 1984, as Marvin ended up being sitting on his sleep talking to his mother, Gaye’s parent shot Marvin twice. Initial chance, which entered the best part of Gaye’s chest, was deadly, having perforated his important body organs. Gaye was taken fully to the emergency room of Ca Hospital Medical Center and had been pronounced lifeless on arrival at 1:01 pm (PST). Gaye died each and every day before switching 45. The gun with which Marvin Gay, Sr. shot his child, was handed to him by Marvin, as a Christmas present, to help keep Marvin safe from intruders.

After their funeral, Marvin ended up being cremated with element of their ashes spread close to the Pacific Ocean. Gaye didn’t keep behind a will or an insurance policy during the time of his death.

During his very first authorities meeting, Gay snr, would tell cops which he don’t indicate to capture him, but which he was in fact scared he is injured and only shot him in self-defense. As soon as the authorities requested him if he adored his child, Gay softly told all of them, "let’s say I didn’t dislike him." When the authorities later informed Gay that their child had died from his shots, he reportedly sobbed and wept uncontrollably before he had been taken to jail and was immediately faced with first-degree murder for his child’s demise.

Gaye’s father pleaded no contest to a voluntary manslaughter charge and was sentenced to probation. He later on died of pneumonia in 1998. Marvin’s followers have held vigils for singer on final residence to celebrate your day of his beginning.

Samuel "Sam" Cooke (January 22, 1931 – December 11, 1964) had been an United states recording singer and singer-songwriter, generally considered on the list of greatest of them all. Influential as both a singer and composer, he’s often called the King of Soul for his distinctive vocals and value within preferred songs.

Their pioneering efforts to soul music led to the increase of Aretha Franklin, Bobby Womack, Al Green, Curtis Mayfield, Stevie Wonder, Marvin Gaye, Billy Preston and popularized the likes of Otis Redding and James Brown. AllMusic biographer Bruce Eder published that Cooke ended up being "the inventor of soul music", and possessed "an incredible all-natural performing vocals and a smooth, effortless distribution which have never been surpassed."

www.youtube.com/watch?v=gbO2_077ixs

Death

Cooke died in the chronilogical age of 33 on December 11, 1964, during the Hacienda Motel at 9137 Southern Figueroa Street, in la, Ca. Answering individual reports of a shooting as well as a kidnapping during the motel, authorities discovered Cooke’s human body, clad just in a sports jacket and footwear but no top, jeans or undies. He’d suffered a gunshot injury to the upper body, that has been later on determined having pierced their heart.

The motel’s supervisor, Bertha Franklin, said she had shot Cooke in self-defense after he broke into the woman workplace residence and attacked this lady. The woman account had been straight away questioned and disputed by pals and associates.

The state police record claims that Franklin fatally shot Cooke, who’d checked in earlier in the day that evening. Franklin stated that Cooke had damaged to the supervisor’s office-apartment in a rage, wearing only a shoe and a sports coating, demanding to learn the whereabouts of a female who had accompanied him toward resort. Franklin said the girl was not at work hence she told Cooke this, although enraged Cooke couldn’t think her and violently grabbed the girl, demanding once more to know the woman’s whereabouts.

According to Franklin, she grappled with Cooke, the pair of them dropped on flooring, and she after that got up-and ran to retrieve her weapon. She said she then fired at Cooke in self-defense because she feared on her behalf life. Cooke had been struck when in the body and, according to Franklin, he exclaimed, "Lady, you shot me", before mounting a last charge at her. She stated she overcome him over their mind with a broomstick before he finally dropped, mortally wounded by the gunshot.

In accordance with Franklin together with motel’s owner, Evelyn Carr (some sources identify the motel owner’s last name as "Card"), that they had already been in the phone together at the time of the incident. Thus, Carr claimed to own overheard Cooke’s intrusion and the ensuing dispute and gunshot. Carr labeled as the authorities to request that officers go right to the motel, informing all of them she thought a shooting had taken place.

Several of Cooke’s family members and followers, however, have denied Boyer’s form of activities, as well as those provided by Franklin and Carr. They believe there was a conspiracy to murder Cooke, additionally the murder occurred in some manner entirely distinctive from the 3 official accounts.

Singer Etta James typed that her watching of Cooke’s body, before their funeral, led her to join people who question the precision for the formal version of events. She stated the accidents she observed had been well beyond exactly what could be explained by the formal account of Franklin’s only having fought with Cooke. James described Cooke as having been therefore badly outdone that their mind ended up being nearly divided from his arms, his arms had been broken and broken, along with his nose mangled.

No tangible research promoting a criminal conspiracy has-been presented to date.

A coroner’s inquest was convened to research the incident.

The lady who’d accompanied Cooke on motel was identified as Elisa Boyer, that has also known as the authorities that evening soon before Carr had. Boyer had known as the police from a telephone booth nearby the motel, informing them she had only escaped becoming kidnapped.

John Henry Rostill (16 June 1942 – 26 November 1973) was an English bassist and composer, recruited by The Shadows to replace Brian Locking.

Stylistically, Rostill blended the solidity of Brian Locking while the adventurousness of Jet Harris. Many of his bass outlines had been heavily syncopated and he created a selection of brand-new sounds in the Burns bass during his time utilizing the team, a longer time than Harris and Locking assembled. To many people, Rostill was ahead of his time and included double-stopping in the technique. Abnormally, for the time, Rostill sometimes played bass finger-style in addition to with a plectrum, with regards to the sound he wanted.

www.youtube.com/watch?v=YwA_Vzg5WXI

Death

John Rostill died in Radlett, England, on 26 November 1973. He had been electrocuted by their guitar due to defective or improperly earthed electrical gear. His human anatomy ended up being discovered by Bruce Welch.

He was survived by his partner Margaret along with his child Paul (per year old whenever their father passed away).

Sid Vicious, produced John Simon Ritchie, later on known as John Beverley (10 May 1957 – 2 February 1979), was an English bass guitarist and vocalist, most famous as an associate for the influential punk team the Sex Pistols.

www.youtube.com/watch?v=SeoEQCBMSDg

Nancy Laura Spungen (February 27, 1958 – October 12, 1978) was the girlfriend of Sex Pistols bassist Sid Vicious and a figure associated with the 1970s punk rock scene. Spungen’s life, and her demise, have now been the main topic of conflict among songs historians and followers of this Intercourse Pistols.

Raised in Philadelphia, Spungen ended up being an emotionally disturbed youngster who was identified as having schizophrenia in the chronilogical age of 15. After being expelled from university, she decided to go to London during the level of the punk stone trend and became involved in Sid Vicious. Their commitment ended up being punctuated by bouts of domestic violence and drug abuse. The press quickly labelled Spungen "Nauseating Nancy" on her behalf shocking behavior. Following the Intercourse Pistols disbanded, the few moved to nyc and examined into the resort Chelsea. They spent their times consuming drugs and had been frequently visited by drug dealers.

In October 1978, Spungen was found lifeless in bathroom associated with the couple’s room, of just one stab wound towards the stomach. Sid Vicious was faced with the woman murder but passed away of a heroin overdose in February 1979, ahead of the situation went along to test. Different writers and filmmakers have speculated about Vicious’ role in Spungen’s death in addition to chance that Spungen had been killed by a drug dealer which frequented their particular space.

On 22 October, ten days after Spungen’s demise, Vicious tried committing suicide by slitting his wrist with a smashed bulb and ended up being subsequently hospitalized at Bellevue Hospital where he also tried killing himself by leaping from a window as well as screaming "i wish to be with my Nancy" or other similar terms, but got drawn back by hospital staff. In a job interview he offered in November 1978, he said that Nancy’s demise ended up being "meant to happen" and that "Nancy constantly stated she’d die before she had been 21."

Close to the end of the meeting, he had been expected if he had been having a great time. In response, he asked the interviewer if he had been kidding, including he want to be "under the bottom." It was in addition at Bellevue that he came across their lawyer James Merberg, which performed every little thing he could to keep Vicious off prison.

2nd arrest: assault

He was charged with attack after attacking Todd Smith, singer Patti Smith’s brother, at a Skafish concert at Hurrah; a brand new York dance club. Peter Kodick and Steve Dior have there been to seize him, as well as the chaos that accompanied contained folks chasing after the trio across the street and potentially causing much more trouble within bar.

Vicious was arrested on December 9, 1978 and provided for Rikers Island metro jail for fifty-five days to endure an unpleasant and enforced detox. It had been revealed within the pilot episode of Final 24 that Sid ended up being raped, mistreated, attacked and put through other humiliating assaults, but no-one features reported witnessing these occasions. He had been introduced on bail on February 1, 1979.

Bail was initially set at ,000., but lowered after courtroom hearings and negotiations from his lawyer. Malcolm McLaren, the Sex Pistols’ supervisor, worked to increase money in addition to relationship was ultimately included in Virgin registers. John Lydon features reported that Mick Jagger stepped in and paid for the attorneys for Vicious, and has now praised Jagger for never pursuing any promotion for this.

1979: Sid Vicious dies from medicines overdose

Sex Pistols’ bass player Sid Vicious has died of a heroin overdose in nyc.

His mama, Anne Beverley, found him lifeless during sex together with his resting girlfriend in an apartment in Greenwich Village this morning.

There was indeed a celebration inside flat to celebrate Mr Vicious’ release on ,000 bail yesterday pending their test for the murder of their previous gf, Nancy Spungen, last October.

The particular details of their death are unknown but party friends say Sid Vicious – real name John Simon Ritchie – took some heroin at nighttime.

His mommy, once a subscribed addict, said: "He understood the smack was pure and strong and took a lot less than usual."

Soon after taking the medicine Mr Vicious, 21, folded, moved into seizure and displayed the observable symptoms of overdose.

He revived 40 minutes later and visited bed along with his gf, Michelle Robinson, at about 0300 local time.

Initial police officer regarding scene later each day had been Robert Zink just who found "a syringe, a spoon and what exactly is most likely residue nearby the human body."

The difficult punk musician – known for their violent behaviour – was on a cleansing, methadone programme in prison, but he had created a £40 each day habit since satisfying skip Spungen just last year.

It had been the second time Virgin registers – the Intercourse Pistols’ label – had to bail-out Sid Vicious.

He had been re-arrested after his preliminary bail for assaulting Patti Smith’s bro, Todd, in a unique York disco and had simply served another 55 times in prison.

A spokesman for Virgin boss Richard Branson said: "In retrospect he was demonstrably far safer in prison where the temptations that finally killed him were not current."

Intercourse Pistols’ supervisor Malcolm McClaren – who had been preparing a return the musical organization – also blames the person who offered him the heroin on celebration.

PriceRitePhoto
dispute credit file
Image by Thomas Hawk
"i shall be sure you will never manage to place an order on the web once more." "i am legal counsel, I will sue you." "i’ll call the CEO of the organization and play him the tape with this telephone call." "i will phone the local police and have two officials come over and arrest you." "You’d better get this through your dense skull." "You do not know who you are coping with."

These are all direct threats that I received today from somebody who identified himself as Steve Phillips, the supervisor of PriceRitePhoto in Brooklyn, nyc when I called to check out my order using them. My criminal activity? Informing him that I in the pipeline to write a write-up about my unfortunate knowledge about their business in connection with camera order I experienced put with him yesterday.

Exactly how tend to be these folks capable stay in company?

Perhaps i ought to have-been duly warned based on PC earth’s digital camera Private expose written many years right back about unscrupulous digital camera providers operating out of ny, but We have never ever been so entirely offended by a retailer within my life. I guess in a few means this will be personal fault, or as Steve Phillips reminded me, you’re a "professional photographer you need to know much better than purchase things on the web because of this."

I have been monitoring the newest Canon EOS 5D for some time. As those of you who visit this web site frequently know, photography is a passionate pastime of my own. I told myself that I would pick up a 5D the moment the cost dropped below ,000. I’ve been regularly checking both Yahoo! Searching and PriceGrabber for some time waiting for one to drop. Really yesterday the very first time we saw that 5D was obtainable for ,899 at PriceRitePhoto. I placed an order on the internet and this is where my trouble began. The order went through and ended up being verified and it is shown below.

The very first thing that happened was I received a call from an individual who identified himself as Joseph telling myself there ended up being a "problem" with my purchase. He stated he needed seriously to "verify" the protection code to my American Express. Although I experienced given that security rule in the order I provided him this code once again. Then he tried to explain to me personally that I became want to some accessories with this digital camera. For beginners I became have to a fresh memory card. When I told him that I currently had a memory card he became somewhat insistent that mine was not adequate. After I would not get their storage device he said I would need new battery packs the digital camera. Once more I informed him that we currently had two electric batteries yourself and wouldn’t be the need to purchase these from him. Then he thanked me for my time confirmed my order verbally, said so it could be shipping in next couple of days and hung-up.

Therefore now we checked to my purchase on the web once again and saw so it wasn’t routed to shipping and labeled as the organization rear. Four times I happened to be put on hold for a large amount of time and had to say goodbye and phone the organization once more. Eventually I happened to be in a position to interact with someone who stated his name was Steve Phillips. Steve Phillips suddenly told me that digital camera ended up being sold-out. Once I protested and informed him that it was confirmed online yesterday and verbally by their sales person he declined to budge. When I informed him that also right now these days the digital camera ended up being nonetheless showing online at that price on his website,(see below with these days’s day) he however insisted that he did not have the camera.

At this time I thanked him and informed him that I would personally be composing articles about my experience with his organization. It had been now he went ballistic. He first-told myself that if i did so this he will never terminate my order but just never fill it. Easily cancelled it he stated he would charge myself a 15percent restocking charge. Whenever I informed him that that might be dishonest he went peanuts. He accused me of trying to "extort" him and stated that he would definitely have two neighborhood police come over and arrest myself. Then went on to say that as a "professional photographer" i will have understood much better than in an attempt to buy a camera this way and therefore he was an attorney and would sue me if I penned an article about my experience.

He said that I experienced no clue whom I happened to be coping with and therefore as he had could work contact tips which he was going to call both my instant supervisor and also the CEO of my business and inform them that I became attempting to extort him.

"i am going to take this extremely actually," he said. He advertised having recorded our phone call and said that he will make sure I would "never be able to purchase anything on the web once more."

Of course these threats only served to agitate myself much more. After about 20 mins for this abuse I informed him that I experienced going and then he refused getting from the line. He stated that when I hung up that he would just charge me personally for the whole camera rather than send it. I hung-up in which he labeled as myself back. I left for my meeting and he labeled as right back asking to speak with my manager.

This really is the most abusive situation i’ve ever experienced with any store on the net.

The items that troubles me personally the absolute most about any of it situation is i came across this retailer through Yahoo! shopping in addition they were perceived to have good comments. Is the comments mechanism for Yahoo! Buying broken? How could this terrible store have actually a four star score with 858 ranks. I am believing that there is a possibility many associated with the "reviews" because of this organization could possibly be phony. I ought to though have sorted through the reviews towards the worst to observe that many more had dropped victim to comparable fraud by this business.

Exactly how is this company however allowed to provide their products or services through Yahoo! Shopping?

PriceRitePhoto are often working as C&A Marketing and TheCameraMall.com

Below are some examples off their users:

"very bad location for shoppping. Ordered a TV this morning. when looking into, the shipping cost had been more than shown by Yahoo. That is okay. Called customer support 2 days later on to ensure the order ended up being okay. The man from customer service attempted to offer other activities for me, and promised that will be 2 days. After 3 times, labeled as once more, I became told they more than marketed that, and my order had been cancelled. just what a tale! Don’t buy thing using this merchant!!!"

"throughout the years I done business with web stores(and I also’ve done plenty), it is definitely absolutely the WORST business i have performed company with yet. They truly are customer support is practically completely inaccessible despite their particular 24/7 365 claim, they don’t really deliver on something they do say they, they are rude and pushy, and any information which delivered back is generally filled up with unclear half-answers that absolutely nothing to resolve any issues. This is certainly only an awful company knowledge. Just to illustrate: They claim to-be available on Sundays over the telephone from 10AM to 4PM EDT. Well, whatever they truly mean is that the product sales department is open, but client service(who can put you on hold forever during few days) is closed, as it is billing. AVOID THIS PROVIDER. And alert your friends. …"

"I provided this shop a general rating of 1. That is because Yahoo doesn’t permit me to rate it any lower. I cannot stress sufficient how poor the customer solution from wretched reason of a shop. To begin with, they stress ‘we ship in under a day’. That is a blatant lie. One hour after placing your order, we obtained a call to confirm that I experienced without a doubt bought a camera, hence the distribution target ended up being proper. Up to now, so great. We returned the call, and informed them that yes I experienced undoubtedly purchased a camera, and indeed, the details had been proper. The very next day, we got another phone call to ensure the delivery address, and did In addition wish to buy a prolonged guarantee? Indeed, the address is proper, and no, I don’t desire your warranty. They guaranteed myself my camera would-be delivered that day. Three days later, we once more obtained a phone telephone call to confirm the delivery address, which had now been done three times, and did I want to purchase the warranty? Indeed, the data is proper, no I do not wish your stupid guarantee, I happened to be guaranteed the camera is transported that time. It really is, I think unconscionable to wait shipping an order for more than weekly, simply so a company can attempt a higher stress sales job, on a warranty a person has already told them, over and over, they don’t want. This has now been ten times considering that the date of buy, whilst still being no digital camera. My experience with this store is the one I will never ever duplicate, nor would If only it upon my worst adversary!!"

but another review i came across regarding organization:

"we placed a purchase with TheCameraMall.com (aka PriceRitePhoto aka C&A
Advertising and marketing) on Summer 9, 2005 for a Sony DSR-PD170 camcorder. At the time
the price advertised online had been really low, which should have raised a
warning flag, but a call towards the business verified the item was in stock
prepared to be shipped, it was an US model, the user’s handbook was in
English, in addition to salesman (Joseph) appeared helpful. There was clearly some
force to add unwanted stuff like a tripod, additional battery pack, etc, nevertheless they
had been declined. a provide to include insurance ended up being offered, and in the beginning I
declined then again decided after being informed that usually if item
arrived and was non-functional I would personally be taking complete danger. Prior to the
product could possibly be delivered I became asked to signal and fax an application, appended
the following, that indicated when I penned any unfavorable feedback i might agree
to own my charge card charged 0, and therefore I also agreed to waive my
to chargeback on credit card business, hence item couldn’t
be returned for almost any explanation. We finalized and returned this kind with the
comprehending that the company would send them I bought. However
after weekly there was clearly no indication of something even having already been
sent, and the customer care contact indicated that only the
salesperson could offer myself order standing, therefore after a few tried we achieved
Joseph once more, and now he indicated which he cannot send the merchandise
unless we faxed him a copy of my credit-card!!! This I refused to complete, and
have not, had to accomplish for a transaction. I delivered mail towards business
asking for cancelation associated with purchase, and received yet another email expected
me to signal and fax right back a form indicating that i’d not publish negative
comments incase I did I was authorizing my charge card is recharged
0. we declined to signal this.

I did so post comments to
the feedback links supplied by the client describing the facts for the
transaction, such as the kinds I experienced been delivered.

Your day after publishing the comments describing my attempt to purchase the movie
digital camera from PriceRitePhoto/CameraMall, I received a call from a "John
Hancock", saying to be the master of the digital camera organizations, and demanding
that we take away the feedback I uploaded. He stated that he would charge my
credit card for quantity of the digital camera and and extra 0 for every
publishing. He additionally stated that he ended up being shipping a Malaysian form of the
camera, without a lens, to me, hence however make money on the package,
and I couldn’t stop the delivery, or dispute the charge. My charge card
company confirmed that a pending fee was placed by PriceRite, but
the fee had not been however published, and when it had been posted, i possibly could dispute.

The next day, July 6, we obtained a few phone calls from "John Hancock",
demanding once again that we get rid of the comments I experienced published, and when I consented
that I would personally pull something that he believed wasn’t accurate, however if he
could not suggest any inaccuracy, then your feedback would stay. He
screamed and swore at myself over the phone, and said he would post my
bank card number on the web basically did not comply.

On July 8 a cost had been published to my credit card for 39.99 an additional
cost was published for 0.00. We labeled as my bank card organization and
started the dispute procedure. The security division of BankOne Credit
strongly suggested that I cancel my charge card, and complete an internet
fraudulence report.
Description of the way you were defrauded:
My credit card has-been recharged 38.99 for an cancelled order.
I’ve been threatened with additional multiple charges against my
charge card unless we change suggestions posted toward online, and I’ve
already been threatened with having my bank card number published on
Web. I have needed to terminate my bank card in the advice of my
bank card provider."

Cool Dispute Credit File pictures

Check out these dispute credit file pictures:

Disputing Credit Card Agency States
dispute credit report
Image by State Farm
Type up, then send your dispute rather. In that way, you can add as much information and evidence since you need to describe your situation. Also, when you do wind up in judge, you can convince the judge assigned towards case you offered the credit agencies adequate information to properly investigate your dispute.

Simple tips to Dispute Credit Report and Erase Items On Your Own Credit Report

You wish to dispute your credit history and remove information that isn’t proper or which hurting your credit rating, right? How can you go about carrying this out? In the end is it even legal to eliminate bad credit?

Is a common misnomer that credit repair is unlawful or that if you dispute something on your own credit file you are aware is proper you’ll deal with unlawful charges. The stark reality is Congress has actually clearly produced and passed regulations to guard your directly to dispute almost everything on your credit history.

just how do i File A Dispute

The first thing you need to do is get a copy of all of the three of your major credit reports. The reason why you need to get a copy of every is basically because usually the information included on your own report with every bureau will change.

A common error many customers make is by only getting one credit history and then giving a dispute page to any or all three bureaus based off the information from that one credit report. If you send the dispute for something that’s not contained thereon bureaus credit file, you’re shooting your self when you look at the foot. We have heard that credit reporting agencies will blacklist you and ignore any future dispute efforts you create.

Make yes you dispute the proper products using right credit bureau. Put simply only challenge things on your own Trans Union credit file using the Trans Union Credit Bureau.

inside dispute page you ought to consist of your title, your private information, them you’re disputing, the reason for your dispute, and any supporting proof you might have. You can easily register a dispute for several explanations like: account is over the age of 7 years, account is paid, account is not mine, the total amount is wrong…

Once the credit reporting agencies get your dispute and deiced it really is valid they carry out a study. When they investigate they will get in touch with the collection company or creditor which reporting the bad financial obligation and ask them to validate it. Approximately 3 out of each and every 4 bureau investigations bring about a debt not receiving validated, and if this is your result than the product should be taken from your credit history.

However you will most certainly possess some trouble getting your dispute considered legitimate considering a couple of reasons. The credit bureaus usually respond to customer conflicts asking for more info, but this can be nothing but a stall strategy.

Who Are The credit reporting agencies?

many individuals believe the credit agencies tend to be a government agency. In fact the credit bureaus tend to be personal for-profit companies that yearly generate vast amounts of income. They’ve general public stock as with any company or company in the usa.

This is essential because as the credit agencies harvest and record and offer your credit reports to lenders, they truly are nevertheless in the industry of generating profits. When you have maybe not connected the dots here, this means that the credit bureaus will prevent examining consumer disputes because that is just a cost of performing company.

The Fair Credit Reporting Act needs the credit agencies to research customer conflicts, however Congress additionally offered the credit reporting agencies the ability to ascertain in the event your dispute is legitimate or not before they investigate. The stark reality is credit agencies are merely extra cash if they investigate your dispute and since they are available or generating earnings due to their stock holders, they need to hold expenses to at least.

All for the significant credit agencies have already been fined because of the FTC, several times for perhaps not complying with all the Fair credit scoring Act and investigating customer conflicts. For this reason a lot of people claim that credit restoration is unlawful or impossible. Though the smart consumer transforms to a specialist to clean up their credit since you need not simply stay with bad credit for 7 long years.

For lots more about disputing credit history and how you’ll start fixing credit from your own credit history check us out or phone 800-230-1954 for a free of charge credit restoration evaluation.

Get A Hold Of Even More Dispute Credit Report Articles

Dispute Credit Report Online and Correct Your Credit File

Did you know that you can now dispute your credit report by going online and visiting each credit bureaus website? Let us review how the dispute process works.

The first thing you need to do is get a copy of your credit report from each major credit bureau, you can get these for free at annual credit report. However you are only entitled to one credit report from each bureau annually.

Once you have all three of these credit reports you need to review them and identify any items that you believe are incorrect or questionable. Don’t be surprised if there is different information on each of your credit reports, this is common. The reason is because some lenders do not report to all three credit bureaus.

This is vitally important because if you file a dispute with the wrong credit bureau and the item you’re disputing is not on your credit report with that bureau then often your future dispute attempts will automatically be deemed frivolous and ignored. For example if you dispute credit report to remove a charge off with Experian and your Experian credit report does not show a charge off then you will have a tough time in the future.

The next step is either going online or we encourage you to stick to the old-fashioned US mail to file your credit dispute. To do this online you have to go to each bureau’s website and fill out the instructions to file your dispute.

The reason we suggest that you use US mail is because this way you can include any additional supporting evidence or documentation that you may have. Additionally we are suspicious of the credit bureaus and how they may handle online disputes.

We say this because the FTC has fine each of the credit bureaus time and time again for not investigating consumer disputes. The largest fine by the FTC was roughly 10 years ago when all three credit bureaus were required to set up an 800 number so consumers could call in and file a dispute by phone, however the credit bureaus were not required to have employees answer these calls.

There were reports of people waiting up to 43 hours and longer on hold. All three of the credit bureaus were fined $ 1 million collectively, the largest fine to date. However critics were in uproar because from a business standpoint the credit bureaus saved millions of dollars by ignoring consumer disputes and not spending man-hours and resources correcting information that they had collected about you. In other words critics felt the fine was much too small.

Once you file your dispute the credit bureaus typically are going to respond by asking you for more information about the dispute. They don’t necessarily need the information instead this is a stall tactic the bureaus use because they want you to give up on your credit dispute. The bureaus have found it much more cost efficient to try and ignore your dispute than to actually investigate and correct your credit report information. However if you remain persistent you can fix bad credit.

It is a little-known fact that the credit bureaus only spend money when they investigate consumer disputes and therefore are reluctant to do this. Many people believe the credit bureaus are a government entity which is false. The credit bureaus are huge for-profit businesses that annually generate millions of dollars of revenue. The will eventually investigate your dispute, however only because Federal Law requires them to.

If you run into difficulty or just simply want to avoid the headaches we would encourage you to hire a credit repair service to clean up credit listings for you. They are very affordable at roughly $ 60 a month with typically $ 100 upfront fee. All you have to do is tell them what items you want to dispute and wait for the letters from the credit bureaus.

For a free credit consultation call 1-800-230-1954 or for more tips to dispute credit report online and get the bureaus to investiage and potentially remove bad credit visit us – this is one of the most effective way to improve credit score.

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Kind Dispute Credit Report pictures

A few good dispute credit file pictures i discovered:

The Day the Music Died
dispute credit report
Image by brizzle born and bred
Ritchie Valens, the child signing sensation who perished in a plane crash with friend Holly and also the Big Bopper. At 28 yrs . old, the Big Bopper (originally J.P. Richardson) ended up being the earliest regarding the three, and Holly and Valens had been only 22 and 17 respectively. The increasing loss of these types of skills at such an early age led singer-songwriter Don McLean to label the event “The Day the Music passed away.”

Whilst track doesn’t integrate mention of their names, McLean has said he was empowered both by Holly’s music, plus the method he felt their life — and the country, whilst headed in to the 1960s,

www.youtube.com/watch?v=uAsV5-Hv-7U

On third Feb 1959, 22-year-old Buddy Holly, the top Bopper, and Ritchie Valens, elderly 17, passed away in an airplane crash right after takeoff from Clear Lake, Iowa. The pilot of single-engine Beechcraft Bonanza has also been killed. Holly hired the airplane after warming problems developed on their tour coach. All three had been planing a trip to Fargo, North Dakota, for the next tv show on the Winter Dance Party journey which Holly had planned to generate income following the break-up of his musical organization, The Crickets, in the last year.

Dennis Carl Wilson (December 4, 1944 – December 28, 1983) ended up being an US drummer, singer and songwriter. He is best-known as a founding person in the rock-band The seashore Boys, alongside his brothers, Brian and Carl, cousin, Mike like, and Al Jardine. Wilson was an associate of musical organization from the formation until his death in 1983, tracking twenty-four studio records. In 1977, he introduced a solo record album, Pacific Ocean Blue, to widespread vital recognition.

Created in Inglewood, California, Dennis ended up being the middle brother of other seashore Boys users Brian Wilson and Carl Wilson. Dennis Wilson has also been the only real regular surfer regarding the group, along with his individual life exemplified the coastline way of life your group’s early tracks frequently celebrated. His prominence in group as a writer and lead vocalist increased as his or her jobs went on in to the late 1960s and 1970s.

Charles Manson

In 1968, Dennis Wilson had been operating through Malibu when he noticed two female hitchhikers, Patricia Krenwinkel and Ella Jo Bailey. He picked all of them up-and dropped them off at their location. Afterwards Wilson noticed similar two girls hitchhiking once again. Now he took all of them to his house at 14400 Sunset Boulevard near will most likely Rogers Park.

Wilson then went to a recording program. When he returned at around 3 a.m., he had been met in his driveway by a stranger, Charles Manson. Whenever Wilson strolled into their house, about several people were occupying the premises, many feminine. Wilson became fascinated with Manson and his supporters; the "Manson Family" lived with Wilson for some time afterward at his cost. In belated 1968, Wilson reported to reporters,

"I informed all of them [the girls] about our participation using the Maharishi and so they told me they also had an expert, a guy known as Charlie who’d recently emerge from prison after 12 years. … He drifted into crime, but when we came across him i came across he had great musical some ideas. We are composing collectively today. He is foolish, in some means, but we accept their strategy and possess learnt from him."

Initially impressed by Manson’s songwriting skill, Wilson introduced him to a couple friends in music business, including Terry Melcher (the boy of Doris Day), whoever home at 10050 Cielo Drive would later be rented by director Roman Polanski and his partner, celebrity Sharon Tate, and Manson loved ones would later on murder Tate and lots of other people at the house.

Manson held recording sessions within house studio of Dennis’ brother, Brian Wilson. Those tracks, should they exist, haven’t already been introduced. The Beach Boys circulated a Manson tune, initially titled "Cease To Exist" but reworked as "Never Learn to not ever Love", as just one B-side and on the album 20/20.

As Dennis Wilson became progressively conscious of Manson’s volatile nature and growing habit of assault, he finally made a rest from the relationship by simply going out of the house and leaving Manson indeed there. When Manson afterwards sought further contact (and money), he left a bullet with Wilson’s housekeeper is delivered with a cryptic message, which Wilson perceived as a threat. In August 1969, Manson family unit members perpetrated the Tate/LaBianca murders. Wilson seldom talked about their involvement aided by the Manson Family, and in most cases became upset once the topic ended up being broached.

During the time the Family begun to develop, Manson was an unemployed previous convict, that has invested half of his life in correctional establishments for many different offenses. Prior to the murders, he had been a singer-songwriter regarding the fringe of la music business, mainly through the opportunity relationship with Dennis Wilson, a founding user additionally the drummer associated with the seashore Boys. After Manson ended up being faced with the crimes which he had been later on convicted, recordings of songs written and carried out by him had been released commercially. Various musicians, including Guns N’ Roses, White Zombie and Marilyn Manson, have actually covered several of their tracks.

Manson’s death sentence ended up being immediately commuted alive imprisonment when a 1972 decision because of the Supreme Court of California briefly eliminated their state’s demise penalty.

Ca’s eventual reinstatement of money punishment failed to impact Manson, that is presently incarcerated at Corcoran State Prison.

www.youtube.com/watch?v=ClBfaGPD0mI

Demise

Succeeding many years saw Wilson fighting alcohol abuse. Cigarette smoking had taken a toll on his voice, although the resultant gravelly result aided determine him as a singer. On December 28, 1983, shortly after their 39th birthday celebration, Wilson drowned at Marina Del Rey, la, after drinking all day and diving when you look at the afternoon to recover products he previously thrown overboard during the marina from their boat 3 years prior.

Dennis Wilson’s human anatomy ended up being buried at water off the California shore by the U.S. coast-guard on January 4, 1984. His track "Farewell My Friend" had been played on funeral. As non-veterans for the Coast Guard and Navy aren’t permitted to be hidden at ocean unless cremated, Dennis’ burial was feasible because of the intervention of President Reagan.

the seashore Boys

Carl Dean Wilson Born: 12/21/1946. Passed Away: 2/7/1998. Age: 51. Reason for death: cancer tumors.

Noted For: singer and guitarist; founding member of The coastline males (1962-98). Once the group’s frontrunner after 1965, their death-marked the termination of the Beach Boys. Sang lead on "God Only Knows" (1966). Brother of Brian and Dennis Wilson and cousin of Mike adore.

You are fired! Three coastline Boys founding users dumped because of the band’s frontman Mike enjoy… via PUBLIC declaration

2012 – Three associated with founding members of the seashore Boys happen unceremoniously dumped midway through their British trip.

Brian Wilson, Al Jardine and David Marks were informed associated with the development via a declaration given by Mike admiration – the band’s frontman and Wilson’s cousin – that the trip would be continuing without all of them.

Their locations may be filled by Bruce Johnston – another generation user – and an array of session artists.

The declaration read: ‘The post-50th anniversary configuration won’t consist of Brian Wilson, Al Jardine and David Marks. The 50th Reunion journey ended up being built to be a set trip with a beginning and a finish to mark a particular 50-year milestone for band.’

This shocking announcement arrived after the reunited users had taped their particular very first studio record in twenty years, featuring completely initial music.

Wilson, 70, that is very much the music maestro in charge of composing the majority of the band’s very early singles and records, told CNN precisely how complicated the situation is.

He stated: ‘i am let down and can’t understand just why adore doesn’t want to tour with Al, David and me. We are out right here having a great deal fun. In the end, our company is the real seashore males.’

Currently a fan letter of protest has-been started to reunite the first users on tour which Al Jardine, 71, has linked to through his Twitter account.

Dealt with to Mike enjoy, the petition checks out: ‘to be able to preserve the substance of ‘The seashore Boys’ all together, rather than as a ‘money preserving, stripped down variation’ that only includes 1 initial user, and 1 user that joined in 1965, we request you to re-instate the 3 other users into touring group for your last many years carrying out.’

Robert Nesta "Bob" Marley OM (6 February 1945 – 11 May 1981) had been a Jamaican reggae singer-songwriter, musician, and guitar player just who reached international popularity and recognition.

Beginning in 1963 using the group the Wailers, he forged a distinctive songwriting and singing design that will later resonate with viewers globally. The Wailers would carry on to discharge a few of the earliest reggae records with producer Lee Scratch Perry. Following the Wailers disbanded in 1974, Marley pursued a solo career which culminated inside release of the record album Exodus in 1977 which established their worldwide reputation and produced their standing among the planet’s best-selling musicians of all time, with product sales of greater than 75 million albums and singles. He had been a committed Rastafari just who infused his songs with a feeling of spirituality.

www.youtube.com/watch?v=jGqrvn3q1oo

Demise

In July 1977, Marley was found to possess a kind of malignant melanoma underneath the nail of a toe. Despite metropolitan legend, this lesion had not been primarily brought on by a personal injury during a football match that year, but ended up being as an alternative an indication for the already-existing cancer. Marley rejected his doctors’ advice to possess their toe amputated, mentioning his spiritual thinking, and alternatively the nail and nail bed were removed and a skin graft obtained from their leg to cover the location. Despite his disease, he proceeded touring and was in the process of scheduling a global trip in 1980.

The record Uprising premiered in-may 1980, where "Redemption Song" is, specifically, regarded as about Marley coming to terms along with his death. The musical organization completed an important tour of European countries, in which it played its biggest concert to 100,000 people in Milan. After the trip Marley decided to go to The united states, where he performed two shows at Madison Square outdoors included in the Uprising journey.

Bob Marley appeared during the Stanley Theater (today known as The Benedum Center When it comes to Performing Arts) in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, on 23 September 1980; it would be their last concert.

Briefly after ward, Marley’s wellness deteriorated as cancer tumors had spread throughout his human anatomy. All of those other tour had been terminated and Marley sought treatment at the Bavarian center of Josef Issels, where he got a questionable sort of cancer treatment (Issels therapy) partially based on avoidance of food items, drinks, as well as other substances. After fighting the cancer without success for eight months Marley boarded an airplane for their residence in Jamaica.

While Marley was traveling home from Germany to Jamaica, their vital features worsened. After landing in Miami, Florida, he had been taken fully to a medical facility for instant medical help. Bob Marley passed away on 11 might 1981 at Cedars of Lebanon Hospital in Miami (today University of Miami Hospital) on chronilogical age of 36. The spread of melanoma to their lungs and mind caused their demise. His last terms to their child Ziggy were "Money can not get life." Marley got a state funeral in Jamaica on 21 might 1981, which blended elements of Ethiopian Orthodoxy and Rastafari tradition. He had been hidden in a chapel near their birthplace together with purple Gibson Les Paul (some reports say it was a Fender Stratocaster).

On 21 might 1981, Jamaican Prime Minister Edward Seaga delivered the final funeral eulogy to Marley, declaring:

His voice ended up being an omnipresent cry inside our electronic globe. His sharp features, majestic appearances, and prancing design a vivid etching from the landscape of our minds. Bob Marley was never ever seen. He was an experience which left an indelible imprint with every encounter. These types of a person can not be erased through the head. He’s an element of the collective awareness associated with country.

Minnie Julia Riperton Rudolph (November 8, 1947 – July 12, 1979), understood professionally as Minnie Riperton, ended up being an American singer-songwriter most commonly known on her 1975 single "Lovin’ You". She ended up being hitched to songwriter and music producer Richard Rudolph from 1972 until the woman demise in 1979. They’d two kiddies: music engineer Marc Rudolph and actress/comedienne Maya Rudolph.

Riperton grew up on Chicago’s south-side. As a kid, she learned songs, drama, and dance at Chicago’s Lincoln Center. In her teenager years, she sang lead vocals for Chicago-based girl team, The Gems. The woman early association because of the celebrated Chicago-based Chess registers afforded her the chance to sing backup for assorted established artists including Etta James, Fontella Bass, Ramsey Lewis, Bo Diddley, Chuck Berry, and Muddy Waters. While at Chess, Riperton also sang lead when it comes to experimental rock/soul group Rotary Connection, from 1967 to 1971. In 1969 Riperton, along with Rotary Connection, played in the first Catholic Rock Mass within Liturgical Conference National Convention, Milwaukee Arena, Milwaukee, WI, from James F. Colaianni. On April 4, 1975, Riperton reached the apex of the woman career along with her #1 single, "Lovin’ You". The single ended up being the final launch from the woman 1974 gold record entitled Perfect Angel.

www.youtube.com/watch?v=kE0pwJ5PMDg

Death

In January 1976, Riperton had been identified as having breast cancer and underwent a radical mastectomy.

Riperton unveiled on the The Tonight Show on August 24, 1976, that she had encountered a mastectomy because cancer of the breast.

Once of diagnosis, the disease had metastasized and she was presented with about six months to live. Despite the grim prognosis, she carried on tracking and touring. She had been one of the primary famous people to go public with her breast cancer analysis, but couldn’t disclose she ended up being terminally sick. In 1977, she became a spokesperson for the United states Cancer Society. In 1978, she got the American Cancer Society’s Courage Award that was presented to the girl within White home by President Jimmy Carter. She passed away at age 31 on July 12, 1979.

Roger Keith "Syd" Barrett (6 January 1946 – 7 July 2006) was an English musician, composer, singer, songwriter and painter. a creator person in the band Pink Floyd, Barrett was the lead vocalist, guitar player and main songwriter in its very early years and is credited with naming the musical organization. Barrett left Pink Floyd in April 1968 and ended up being shortly hospitalized amid conjecture of mental disease exacerbated by drug use.

Barrett’s innovative electric guitar work and research of experimental strategies such dissonance, distortion and feedback influenced numerous artists, including David Bowie, Brian Eno and Jimmy Page. His tracks are also mentioned with their strongly English-accented singing distribution. After making songs, Barrett carried on with painting and dedicated himself to gardening. Biographies started showing up within the 1980s. Pink Floyd wrote and recorded a number of tributes to him, most notably the 1975 record album Wish You Were Here, which included "Shine for you Crazy Diamond", a homage to Barrett.

www.youtube.com/watch?v=UFFpRww6K44

Demise

After enduring diabetes for many years, Barrett passed away yourself in Cambridge on 7 July 2006, elderly 60. The explanation for death had been pancreatic disease. The occupation on his demise certification had been "retired musician". He was cremated, together with ashes fond of a family member or friend. In 2006, their home in St. Margaret’s Square, Cambridge, ended up being put on industry and apparently lured considerable interest.

After over 100 showings, many by followers, it had been offered to a French couple who got it since they liked it; reportedly they understood absolutely nothing about Barrett. On 28 November 2006, Barrett’s other belongings had been offered at an auction at Cheffins auction home in Cambridge, increasing £120,000 for charity.

Products marketed included paintings, scrapbooks and every day items which Barrett had embellished. NME produced a tribute concern to Barrett seven days later with an image of him on cover. In an interview using the Sunday Times, Barrett’s sibling unveiled he had written a book: "He read extremely profoundly in regards to the history of art and actually had written an unpublished guide about it, which I’m too sad to learn at the moment. But he found his very own mind so absorbing he don’t desire to be sidetracked."

In accordance with local newspapers, Barrett left around £1.7 million to their two brothers as well as 2 siblings. This sum was evidently mostly obtained from royalties from Pink Floyd compilations and real time recordings featuring tracks he previously written while because of the band. A tribute concert called Games for May was held on Barbican Centre, London on 10 might 2007 with Robyn Hitchcock, Captain Sensible, Damon Albarn,

Chrissie Hynde, Kevin Ayers along with his Pink Floyd bandmates doing. A series of events known as The City Wakes was held in Cambridge in October 2008 to commemorate Barrett’s life, art and songs. Barrett’s sibling, Rosemary Breen, supported this, the first-ever number of formal activities in memory of the woman cousin. Following the event’s success, arts charity Escape Artists revealed plans to produce a centre in Cambridge, making use of art to help people struggling with mental health problems.

Andrew Roy "Andy" Gibb (5 March 1958 – 10 March 1988) ended up being an English singer, musician, performer and teenager idol who was younger brother of Barry, Robin and Maurice Gibb. Andy found worldwide prominence inside belated 1970s with three singles that reached # 1 in america: "i simply wish to be Your Everything", "(Love Is) Thicker versus Water", and "Shadow Dancing". Andy’s success was brief, while he battled drug addiction and despair and died right after switching 30.

the final surviving Bee Gee

2013 The worst element of losing my brothers? We had beenn’t also pals by the end: In a soul-baring confession, Barry Gibb tells of the shame, remorse and loneliness of being the past regarding the Bee Gees.

Barry Gibb reveals he thought ‘pretty isolated’ without Robin and Maurice. The 66-year-old says which he constantly thought Robin understood he had been dying. Lack of his brothers has made Barry really aware of his or her own health.

‘You see, it wasn’t just the loss in my brothers, it was the fact we performedn’t actually log in to. And so I’ve destroyed every one of my brothers without getting friends using them.

‘When Maurice passed, Robin and I also just didn’t feel just like the Bee Gees anymore, as the Bee Gees were the three of us.

‘So while Robin went around saying “I’ll often be a Bee Gee”, he didn’t want that: he wished to be Robin Gibb, solo musician. Deeply inside, i believe that was so. That Has Been your competition.’

Barry realised that, as brothers, he and Robin were becoming more distant from one another.

‘During the very last five years, Robin and I couldn’t link by any means. An equivalent circumstance, I can imagine, would probably be Lennon and McCartney. That same types of length took place among them. The fact you mightn’t get over obstacles or problems that you know.

‘What drove me straight down ended up being that individuals performedn’t get an opportunity to really state goodbye. Truly the only time I believed we made-up was whenever I kissed Robin on the mind the very last time I saw him before he died.

‘used to don’t get to see Andy before he died, and I never ever reached Maurice before he passed away. Mo died in two times, to ensure was very swift and a good surprise to any or all.

‘Robin’s process took 2 yrs. We won’t go like that.

If something similar to which ever identified as having myself, I’ll discover funniest, most funny means of looking at. Absolutely I will never be lying-in a bed trapped on life support.

‘So whenever Robin died, I believed all those things: guilt, remorse, regret.

‘There ended up being so much more to united states, but we didn’t see it. There was a lot more life in united states that individuals didn’t effort. Such neurosis that people may have averted between people. Because everybody else wished to end up being the specific celebrity. And Now We never knew what we had been.’

Barry, 66, along with his trademark shoulder-length locks turned silver-grey, says he always thought Robin knew he was dying, even though he insisted which he had beaten liver and cancer of the colon.

‘I didn’t realize Robin had been seriously ill for around per year, whenever I started to begin to see the photographs of him within the paper. I thought something’s wrong right here — but I couldn’t get any answers away from anyone.

www.youtube.com/watch?v=XpqqjU7u5Yc

Karen Carpenter’s velvet sound charmed millions when you look at the 70s… but behind the healthy image she was in turmoil. Desperate to look slim on stage – and especially desperate to please the domineering mother just who preferred her bro – she became the first celebrity sufferer of anorexia.

The Carpenters were among the biggest-selling American musical functions of them all. Between 1970 and 1984 brother and sis Richard and Karen Carpenter had 17 top 20 hits, including "Goodbye to Love", "Yesterday as soon as More", "Close to You" and "Rainy times and Mondays". They notched up 10 gold singles, nine gold albums, one multi-platinum album and three Grammy prizes. Karen’s velvety voice and Richard’s airy melodies and meticulously crafted plans endured in direct contrast on louder, wilder stone dominating the rest of the maps at that time, yet they truly became greatly preferred, selling a lot more than 100m records.

www.youtube.com/watch?v=__VQX2Xn7tI

Demise

On February 4, 1983, not as much as 30 days before the lady 33rd birthday, Carpenter suffered heart failure at the woman moms and dads’ house in Downey, California. She was taken to Downey Community Hospital, where she was pronounced lifeless 20 mins later.

The Los Angeles coroner provided the cause of demise as "heartbeat irregularities due to substance imbalances connected with anorexia nervosa." Beneath the anatomical summary, the first product was heart failure, with anorexia as second. The next choosing had been cachexia, which is exceedingly low fat and weakness and general human anatomy decrease associated with chronic illness.

Her separation ended up being scheduled to have been completed that time. The autopsy stated that Carpenter’s demise had been the result of emetine cardiotoxicity as a result of anorexia nervosa, revealing that she had poisoned herself with ipecac syrup, an emetic often always cause vomiting in cases of overdosing or poisoning.

Carpenter’s using ipecac syrup was later disputed by Agnes and Richard, whom both stated that they never ever found empty vials of ipecac inside her apartment and now have denied that there was any tangible evidence that she was in fact vomiting.

Richard has also expressed he believes Karen wasn’t willing to ingest ipecac syrup due to the potential damage that the syrup and exorbitant vomiting would do in order to the girl vocal cords hence she relied on laxatives alone to maintain the woman low body body weight.

Carpenter’s funeral solution happened on February 8, 1983, on Downey United Methodist Church. Dressed in a rose-colored match, Carpenter set in an open white casket. Over 1,000 mourners passed away right through to say good-bye, among them the woman friends Dorothy Hamill, Olivia Newton-John, Petula Clark, and Dionne Warwick. Carpenter’s estranged husband Tom went to her funeral, in which he became popular their a wedding ring and put it inside the casket.

She had been buried during the Forest garden Memorial Park in Cypress, Ca. In 2003, Richard Carpenter had Karen re-interred, along with their parents, in the Carpenter household mausoleum on Pierce Brothers Valley Oaks Memorial Park in Westlake Village, California, which is nearer to his Southern Ca residence.

Philip Parris "Phil" Lynott; 20 August 1949 – 4 January 1986) ended up being an Irish musician, singer and songwriter. Their many commercially effective team had been slim Lizzy, that he was a founding member, the key songwriter, lead vocalist and bassist. He later additionally found success as a solo artist.

Growing up in Dublin in sixties, Lynott fronted a number of groups as a lead vocalist, most notably Skid Row alongside Gary Moore, before learning the bass electric guitar and developing slim Lizzy in 1969. After preliminary success with Whiskey when you look at the Jar, the musical organization found strong commercial success when you look at the mid-1970s with hits such as for example "The kids Are Back in Town", "Jailbreak" and "Waiting for an Alibi", and became a popular live attraction as a result of mixture of Lynott’s vocal and songwriting abilities and also the utilization of double lead guitars. To the end of this 1970s, Lynott additionally embarked upon a solo career, published two books of poetry, and after slim Lizzy disbanded, he assembled and fronted the band Grand Slam, that he was the first choice until it folded in 1985.

He afterwards had significant UK success with Moore with all the track "Out within the Fields", followed closely by a minor hit "Nineteen", before his death on 4 January 1986. He stays a favorite figure within the stone globe, as well as in 2005, a statue had been erected in his memory.

www.youtube.com/watch?v=-M2jSzLBzK4

On 14 February 1980, Lynott married Caroline Crowther, the girl of Uk comedian Leslie Crowther. He met this lady whenever she had been working for Tony Brainsby within the late 1970s.

That they had two kiddies: Sarah (b. 19 December 1978, for who the eponymous 1979 tune had been written, and Cathleen (b. 29 July 1980, for whom the eponymous 1982 Lynott solo tune was written. The marriage fell aside during 1984 after Lynott’s drug usage escalated.

Lynott in addition had a son, born in 1968, who had previously been set up for adoption. In 2003, Macdaragh Lambe discovered that Lynott had been their biological father, and this was verified by Philomena Lynott in a newspaper meeting in July 2010.

Born in England and raised in Ireland, Lynott always considered himself is Irish. Their buddy and Thin Lizzy bandmate Scott Gorham said in 2013: "Phil ended up being so happy with becoming Irish. No matter where he went in the world, whenever we had been speaking with a journalist as well as got something wrong about Ireland, he’d provide the guy a brief history course. It required a lot to him."

Lynott was a separate soccer lover, an enthusiastic Manchester United supporter, and United and Northern Ireland celebrity George ideal had been among Lynott’s best friends.

Lynott has also been a team captain on the well-known 80s BBC quiz tv show Pop Quiz, managed by Mike Read.

Death

Lynott’s last years had been dogged by medication and alcoholic beverages dependency ultimately causing their collapse on Christmas time Day 1985, at their home in Kew. He was found by their mommy, who was not aware of their reliance on heroin. She contacted Caroline, who knew about this, and straight away knew the issue ended up being really serious. After Caroline drove him to a drug hospital at Clouds home in East Knoyle, near Warminster, he was taken up to Salisbury Infirmary where he had been identified as struggling with septicaemia.

Despite regaining awareness enough to talk to his mama, their condition worsened because of the beginning of the new-year in which he was apply a respirator. He passed away of pneumonia and heart failure because of septicaemia when you look at the medical center’s intensive care product on 4 January 1986, during the age 36.

Lynott’s funeral occured at St Elizabeth’s Church, Richmond on 9 January 1986, with almost all of slim Lizzy’s ex people in attendance, followed closely by a second solution at Howth Parish Church on 11th. He was buried in St Fintan’s Cemetery, Dublin.

Jiggery-pokery – Darwinism
dispute credit file
Image by reality in research
From the time Darwin, large numbers period, money and effort are expended into the quote to find proof for evolutionary philosophy, but any real proof remains as evasive as ever before.
In spite of this, the supporters of advancement have effectively managed to convince everyone, and much regarding the clinical organization, that development has been proven, beyond any reasonable doubt.

But many, specific boffins have quite serious bookings concerning the means it has been attained, and by the dubious, clinical nature of much of the data which has been frequently presented into the public as ‘proof’ over many years.
Undoubtedly, all honest boffins should be interrupted by an ideological crusade (performed with what men and women believed ended up being the good title of science), which could only be described as a disgrace to science.
The history of the public advertising of development is completely shameful and full of numerous types of: inexcusable, clinical mistake, circular thinking, indoctrination, disregarding of medical law, distortion of realities, manipulation and discerning interpretation of research, preconceived assumptions and also deliberate fraud and faking of evidence.

Here are a few of the numerous instances: –

The Horse Series.
Taught in schools and universities as a vintage proof development. Some fossils which purported to demonstrate the evolutionary progression of the horse’s hoof. It is currently revealed as not a suitable show whatsoever. It absolutely was originally cobbled collectively from unrelated animals, from different continents, starting with a creature comparable to an living animal still-living today – an hyrax. Furthermore, how many rib bones varies down and up in one fossil to the next.

The Peppered Moth.
Information had been rigged, and moths had been glued to woods (the moths cannot normally sleep on woods in day) to do this ‘proof’ of advancement. However an increase in the general quantity of darker moths because discerning, predatory, bird action can’t be claimed for instance of progressive (microbes-to-human) development. It really is simply selecting a trait already existing inside moth’s gene pool (micro-evolution) and not the development of any brand-new, hereditary information.

Embryonic Recapitulation.
Even though German, Darwinian zealot, Dr. Haeckel, was exposed inside nineteenth century, for intentionally faking the evidence for embryonic recapitulation, it had been however provided as medical evidence for evolution in school textbooks until really recently.
Adolf Hitler ended up being an avid admirer associated with writings of Dr Ernst Haeckel.

Piltdown Man.
This ‘ape-man’ fossil was certified by leading, development ‘experts’ as incontrovertible proof of person advancement, for over 40 years, until it had been subjected as a crude and deliberate fake. (the suspected ringleader of this fraudulence, Fr. Teilhard de Chardln, was also involved in the Java Man & Peking Man discoveries).

Nebraska Man.
Provided much media publicity straight ahead of the famous ‘Scopes Trial’ in a cynical make an effort to affect the trial. That much hyped, ‘ape-man’ fossil sooner or later turned into simply a tooth from a form of extinct pig (peccary)!

Orce Man.
A fragment of fossilised skull ended up being proclaimed as more evidence of human evolution from apes. However, the media moved strangely quiet, with regards to was found that the fossil had, likely, originate from a donkey!

Primordial Soup.
Text books & the favorite media routinely present naturally occurring, spontaneous generation of first life in the world as a recognized fact of science. The well-established legislation of Biogenesis (which completely rules out these types of, spontaneous generation of life from non-living matter) is wholly dismissed, because tend to be; rules of likelihood and Information Theory (which rules out any all-natural method for producing the initial hereditary information in the first, living cells).

Feathered dinosaurs.
The present, obsessive, media preoccupation with advertising dinosaur to bird evolution as an undeniable fact, has-been followed closely by a fantastic expansion of ‘feathered dinosaur’, fossil discoveries (mostly from financially rewarding, Chinese, fossil-faking business). It’s hardly astonishing that they have all unsuccessful miserably to call home to the extravagant statements and news ballyhoo whenever the fossils have-been allowed a suitable, scientifically unbiased assessment.
Archaeoraptor.
The main present, dinosaur to bird madness (see above). Following the normal news hullabaloo had abated, this 1999 ‘dinosaur to bird’ fossil ‘discovered’ in Asia, ended up being found to own been deliberately faked.

Archaeopteryx.
Nonetheless on a regular basis marketed as a classic intermediate between reptiles and wild birds, regardless of the proven fact that modern-day type, bird fossils of a much earlier date (evolutionist dating techniques) have been found. And Archaeopteryx is very obviously only a type of bird, with typical, bird features.

Java Man.
Ape-like fossils discovered by Dr. Dubois, previous student regarding the embryonic recapitulation fraudster Dr. Haeckel. It was announced a person ancestor (homo erectus) regarding the guidance of fraudster, Dr. Haeckel. The discover has also been visited and confirmed by the main suspect of the ‘Piltdown guy’ fraud, Fr.Teilhard de Chardin. A later, reported confession by Dubois your fossils were in fact from a huge gibbon has become disputed by evolutionists, but Dubois’ initial records had been found to have already been suspiciously changed and censored after his death. Notwithstanding these dubious events, evolutionists had been unwilling to relegate Java Man to its deserved devote the dusbin of record, but still consist of it as a person ancestor, in their peoples, household tree.

2nd Legislation of Thermodynamics.
Spurious arguments about available and closed methods are used to avoid the truth that both the spontaneous generation of life & modern advancement violate this medical legislation. An input of natural (unguided), random power increases entropy, the contrary of what’s needed to increase order and complexity.

South West Colorado Man.
Simply take one fossil tooth of a horse! Add a fertile imagination, wishful reasoning plus the normal buzz, and you have still another ape-man ancestor plus ‘proof’ of man advancement.

Super pests.
A rise in antibiotic, resistant germs is openly presented as modern evolution in action. No matter what the proven fact that antibiotic drug, resistant micro-organisms have been present corpses frozen ahead of the utilization of antibiotics. Therefore right here again, transformative collection of an attribute from a current gene pool is misrepresented as modern evolution. There’s absolutely no proof of the development of any brand new, hereditary information which would be required for up, microbes-to-human advancement.

Legislation of Cause and Effect.
A result shall never be higher than it is creating cause/s.
The declare that normally chosen, arbitrary, hereditary, copying blunders (mutations) could create the latest & highly complicated information, which would be required to change microbes into individuals, ignores this fundamental law.

Peking Guy.
Excessively monkey company to link in great detail here.
However, you should know that the chief suspect for the Piltdown Man fraud, Fr. Teilhard de Chardin also visited and verified this exceptionally questionable, ape-man advancement.
A fragmentary head had been available at an industrial limestone, burning web site (promoted into general public as primitive ‘traces of fire’). The site additionally contained many, crushed, monkey skulls and modern-type, personal remains.
The Peking guy, skull fragments subsequently vanished under mysterious conditions. Luckily, for evolutionists, this prevented thorough study of the Peking guy fragments, that could have debunked it. So it stays inside evolutionist, family tree as an alleged, human being ancestor.

Another, extremely questionable ‘human ancestors’ ….
Montana Man.
An extinct dog-like creature.

Nutcracker Man.
An extinct sort of ape – (Australopithecus).

What the law states of Biogenesis.
This legislation says that life cannot occur of its own volition from sterile matter. Its well established and tested, We count on it each day in lots of sectors, especially food-processing and medical. This has never ever already been falsified, notwithstanding many attempts to do this. Regardless of proven status for this legislation, its disregarded by evolutionists that have developed their own unverified, unscientific law, generally abiogenesis. Abiogenesis says the complete opposite regarding the Law of Biogenesis. It claims that life did occur of its very own volition from sterile matter in the world and certainly will aarise from sterile matter anywhere environmental problems tend to be favorable. Abiogenesis assumes (unlike evidence) that matter/energy is inherently predisposed to make life. All that is necessary works circumstances forever, like the existence of water. There is absolutely no description of in which this puported, inherent predispostion forever comes from, in an allegedly, purposeless universe?

The Orgueil Meteorite.
Natural product, as well as plant seeds, had been embedded and glued to the Orgueil meteorite and disguised with coal dust to make them appear to be the main original meteorite. It was a cynical and fraudulent attempt to fool society into thinking in the discredited, unscientific notion of spontaneous generation of life (abiogenesis), that will be required for modern evolution to get going. The thinking being that, if it can be shown that there was some sort of life in room, (abiogenesis) life, arising of the own volition from sterile matter, must have taken place in room. This would have allowed evolutionists to declare ‘abiogenesis’ as a scientific reality.

The 1996, Mars meteorite, micro-fossils (ALH84001). Newspaper headlines screamed that researchers had found proof microscopic life (biomorphic’ structures, tubule-like items appear germs) in a meteorite from Mars. The meteorite had been entirely on world, in Antarctica, but had been advertised to possess result from Mars.
Evolutionists were ecstatic, about the news – and had been wheeled in droves on to TV programs, to provide their particular opinions on which this proof meant for the foundation of life on the planet and also the whole world. They wasted no time in crowing they was indeed correct about abiogenesis on the planet, because if it may take place on Mars, there clearly was no problem along with it occurring in the even more ideal conditions of world.
Of course, with regards to was discovered that the alleged micro-fossils weren’t fossils at all, but just all-natural structures, there have been no paper headlines. It received hardly any promotion, and lots of individuals continued to believe for many years that remnants of life had really already been discovered on a Mars meteorite. This bogus evidence place the look for life on Mars right back regarding USA, and international, room agenda, which will continue to todays. It was very fortuitous for many searching for federal government investment for study. It simply visits show that wishful reasoning, centered on preconceptions, can evidently make any proof appear possible.

The Optimistic Monster concept.
This ludicrous idea was proposed as a solution towards lack of any credible fossil evidence for progressive development. It absolutely was development in big leaps, with enormous changes taking place in a really short-time, such as for instance in one generation, hence making no fossil research. It absolutely was a desperate make an effort to clarify just how microbes-to-human development might take destination without making any evidence.

Punctuated Equilibrium.
an adaptation of the optimistic beast, which proposed times of quick advancement, leaving no fossil proof of intermediates. Accompanied by extended periods of stasis (no advancement), which would end in fossils showing up unchanged for countless many years (so-called ‘living fossils). It was another, hopeless attempt to describe just how microbes-to-human development could take spot, whlist making no fossil proof any advancement.

All genuine scientists and laypersons must ask by themselves, why is all of this jiggery-pokery needed? If development truly performed happen and it is however occurring, real proof must certanly be overwhelmingly abundant. Anyhow, exactly why is it so important the public should be persuaded to trust in modern advancement? If the motive is strictly a desire to distribute medical truth, there can be no justification for such questionable techniques.

Therefore, if you have believed the development tale and reliable the purveyors of evolutionary values presenting their particular research objectively … kindly reconsider!

Those that help truth and stability in research should definitely seek to liberate research through the domination of Darwinian ideologues, which includes generated such an abominable perversion of the true meaning and purpose of science, once the examples above demonstrate. It is vital to restore an authentic look for truth as guiding principle in technology. Technology should always be liberated from the preconceptions, assumptions and dogma of any ideology. To acheive this it is essential that every research should be thought about fairly, and put through the appropriate, thorough, clinical scrutiny we have a right to anticipate in a honest and unbiased environment. Supporters of GENUINE science must concur that ideology & indoctrination needs room in research. We need to reclaim technology from domination of those with therefore abused and exploited it for advantage of their own agenda and vested passions.

When no proof is proof.
www.flickr.com/photos/101536517@N06/15157133658

Can you credit it ….
As we can see from the instances above, evolutionists are notorious for showing to your public, very questionable, and also faked evidence meant for advancement.
Bizarrely, there’s even a good example of evolutionists faking proof AGAINST development. This really is obviously a devious and cynical make an effort to discredit all of the real research and arguments against evolution.
Can there be any underhand techniques they don’t take to? The deviousness, and lack of medical stability of evolutionists, beggars belief.
Here is an example of evolutionists faking evidence AGAINST development.
Onyate guy – Fossil of man being consumed by a dinosaur, therefore the so-called cover-up …
www.nmsr.org/Archive.html

Jiggery Pokery, without a doubt.